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Robin Cornelissen



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    Lunch & Poster Display session (ID 58)

    • Event: ELCC 2019
    • Type: Poster Display session
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 4/11/2019, 12:30 - 13:00, Hall 1
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      154P - Renal toxicity from platinum/pemetrexed and pembrolizumab in the era of combination therapy (ID 558)

      12:30 - 13:00  |  Author(s): Robin Cornelissen

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Recently, the phase 3 keynote-189 trial showed that in previously untreated patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC without targetable mutations, the progression-free and overall survival were significantly longer with addition of pembrolizumab to chemotherapy than with chemotherapy alone. Both chemotherapy and pembrolizumab can give renal toxicity, which can be a major challenge in the clinical setting.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Methods

      In a prospective multicenter observational real-life cohort study [Visser Eur Respir J 2018], we evaluated the incidence of acute/chronic kidney disease (AKD/CKD), its related treatment discontinuation frequency and associated clinical variables with AKD in patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC treated with platinum/pemetrexed. In addition, the Keynote 189 toxicity data was used for the combination treatment. We thereafter reviewed literature to generate an algorithm for diagnosis and treatment in increased creatinine levels.

      20c51b5f4e9aeb5334c90ff072e6f928 Results

      149 patients received pemetrexed platinum, of whom 44 patients (30%) continued maintenance. During induction therapy 48 patients (50%) treated with cisplatinum/pemetrexed developed AKD and 15 patients (29%) treated with carboplatin/pemetrexed. During maintenance 13 patients (30%) developed AKD, leading to CKD and treatment discontinuation in eight patients (62%). In the Keynote 189 trial combining pembrolizumab with chemotherapy, nephritis has been reported in 1,7% of patients in any grade (1,5% grade 3-4). However, when looking at an increased blood creatinine in the group that was treated with carboplatin, a total of 12,2% of patients showed any increase (0,7% grade 3-4).

      fd69c5cf902969e6fb71d043085ddee6 Conclusions

      Increased blood creatinine levels from pemetrexed and pembrolizumab is a common entity, probably more common in a real-life setting. This elevation is clinically challenging in a population that receives three agents that can cause a creatinine increase. Currently, there are no markers to distinguish between renal failure due to chemotherapy of immunotherapy. We will present an algorithm based on current knowledge for clinicians as guidance for renal dysfunction in patients treated with chemotherapy and pd-(l)1 checkpoint inhibitors.

      b651e8a99c4375feb982b7c2cad376e9 Legal entity responsible for the study

      The authors.

      213f68309caaa4ccc14d5f99789640ad Funding

      Has not received any funding.

      682889d0a1d3b50267a69346a750433d Disclosure

      D. Dumoulin: Speakers fee: BMS, Roche, Pfizer, Novartis. R. Cornelissen: Consultancy: Roche, Boehringer Ingelheim, BMS, MSD; Speakers fee: Roche, Pfizer, Boehringer Ingelheim, Novartis, BMS. J.G. Aerts: Advisory boards: BMS, Boehringer Ingelheim, MSD, AstraZeneca, Eli Lilly, Takeda, Amphera; Stock owner: Amphera B.V. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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