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Koen Bezemer

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    Lunch & Poster Display session (ID 58)

    • Event: ELCC 2019
    • Type: Poster Display session
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 4/11/2019, 12:30 - 13:00, Hall 1
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      22P - Paclitaxel/ carboplatin/ bevacizumab in non-small cell lung cancer patients induces peripheral effector CD8 T cell proliferation that could be prone for treatment with checkpoint inhibitors (ID 384)

      12:30 - 13:00  |  Author(s): Koen Bezemer

      • Abstract
      • Slides


      Checkpoint inhibitors targeting programmed death receptor (PD)-1 or PD-ligand 1 (PD-L1) became the cornerstone in the treatment of advanced NSCLC. Several phase III trials showed a better overall survival by treating with combination chemotherapy and checkpoint inhibition, suggesting that addition of chemotherapy increased the response to checkpoint inhibitors. Recently, peripheral blood biomarkers such as Ki67+PD-1+CD8 cells were found to be predictive for clinical outcome with PD-1 treatment. Knowing more about immune modulatory capacities of chemotherapy can help us to design better treatment strategies. We investigated the immune-modulatory effects of paclitaxel/carboplatin/bevacizumab (PCB), focusing on known immune populations associated with response to checkpoint inhibitors in peripheral blood.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Methods

      In the NVALT 12 study, 223 patients with advanced NSCLC were enrolled to receive PCB, with or without nitroglycerin patch. At baseline and after the first and second treatment cycle, peripheral blood was drawn. By flow cytometry, the proportions of T cells and several subsets and co-inhibitory receptors of these, B cells and monocytes were determined.

      20c51b5f4e9aeb5334c90ff072e6f928 Results

      6 weeks after starting treatment with PCB, the proportions of T cells were significantly increased compared to baseline values. Within the T cells subsets, proliferation of CD4 T cells remained stable whereas proliferation of CD8 T cells (Ki67+) were significantly increased. The proliferating Ki67+ CD8 T cells expresses more PD-1 compared to non-proliferating CD8 T cells. However, patients with >2 fold increased proliferation of T cells did not show a better outcome.

      fd69c5cf902969e6fb71d043085ddee6 Conclusions

      Paclitaxel/ carboplatin/ bevacizumab induces proliferation of CD8 T cells which expresses more co-inhibitory checkpoint molecules. Progression free and overall survival was unchanged by this increase on its own, showing the rationale to combine PCB with checkpoint inhibition in lung cancer, as used in Impower 150.

      b651e8a99c4375feb982b7c2cad376e9 Clinical trial identification


      7a6a3ffa2dadc03a6151ee2c4d6fa383 Legal entity responsible for the study

      The authors.

      213f68309caaa4ccc14d5f99789640ad Funding


      682889d0a1d3b50267a69346a750433d Disclosure

      D. Dumoulin: Speakers fee: BMS, Roche, Pfizer, Novartis. A-M.C. Dingemans: Advisory boards, lectures: Roche, Eli Lilly, Boehringer Ingelheim, AstraZeneca, Pfizer, BMS, Amgen, Novartis, MSD, Takeda (honoraria to institution). J.G. Aerts: Advisory boards: BMS, Boehringer Ingelheim, MSD, AstraZeneca, Eli Lilly, Takeda, Amphera; Stock owner: Amphera B.V. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.


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