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Egbert F. Smit



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    Lunch & Poster Display session (ID 58)

    • Event: ELCC 2019
    • Type: Poster Display session
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 2
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 4/11/2019, 12:30 - 13:00, Hall 1
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      132P - New insights into acquired resistance mechanisms to third-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy in lung cancer (ID 307)

      12:30 - 13:00  |  Author(s): Egbert F. Smit

      • Abstract

      Background

      The emergence of acquired resistance (AR) against third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) remain a major clinical challenge in lung adenocarcinoma patients. Here we characterized the role of acquired resistance mechanism with a focus on inter-individual heterogeneity and co-occurring genetic aberrations. We could analyze pre- and post-treatment samples of patients treated with third-generation EGFR TKIs.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Methods

      We characterized 128 patients, which are EGFR p.T790M positive to early generation EGFR TKIs within thedatabases of the Network Genomic Medicine (NGM), the NOWEL network, the Department of Thoracic Oncology of the Netherlands Cancer Institute and the Vall d’Hebron University Hospital. In 60 patients, corresponding analyses of third generation EGFR TKI treatment outcomes and molecular analyses were practicable.

      20c51b5f4e9aeb5334c90ff072e6f928 Results

      Co-occurring aberrations were found in 75% of the samples with acquired resistance to early-generation TKI. TP53mutations were the most frequent aberrations detected. In MET, copy number variants were found (n = 6). In a subgroup, we identified 4 patients with the new EGFRresistance mutation p.G724S after third-generation TKI treatment. Still, loss of the EGFRp.T790M mutation and METamplification are the most common aberrations after third-generation TKI treatment.

      fd69c5cf902969e6fb71d043085ddee6 Conclusions

      EGFR inhibitors represent a powerful tool for precision cancer medicine in genetically selected patients. We could show in this study that additional genetic aberrations are frequent in the setting of AR to EGFR TKIs and may mediate innate and acquired resistance to third-generation EGFR TKIs. Amplification of METwas strongly associated with primary treatment failure and thus the strongest factor in innate resistance. AR to third-generation EGFR TKI (p.G724S) can possibly be overcome with second-generation EGFR TKI.

      b651e8a99c4375feb982b7c2cad376e9 Legal entity responsible for the study

      The authors.

      213f68309caaa4ccc14d5f99789640ad Funding

      Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Cluster of Excellence RESOLV, the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Else Kröner-Fresenius Stiftung, Deutsche Krebshilfe, European Union, (NRW) as part of the EFRE initiative (EMODI, grant no. EFRE-0800397 to R.B. and M.L.S.) and by the German Ministry of Science and Education (BMBF) as part of the e:Med program (grant no. 01ZX1303A to R.B. and J.W). E.F. received funding by the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (PI17/00938), NEGECA, ITMC of TU Dortmund.

      682889d0a1d3b50267a69346a750433d Disclosure

      J. Fassunke: Honoraria: AstraZeneca. C. Heydt, S. Merkelbach-Bruse: Speaking honoraria: AstraZeneca. J. Wolf: Consulting, lecture fees: AbbVie, AstraZeneca, BMS, Boehringer Ingelheim, Chugai, Ignyta, Lilly, MSD, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche; Funding for scientific research: BMS, Johnson&Johnson, MSD, Novartis, Pfizer. R. Buettner: Employee: Targos Molecular Pathology. M.L. Sos: Commercial research grant: Novartis. D. Rauh: Consultant, lecture fees: AstraZeneca, Merck-Serono, Takeda, Pfizer, Novartis, Boehringer Ingelheim, Sanofi-Aventis. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

      cffcb1a185b2d7d5c44e9dc785b6bb25

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      22P - Paclitaxel/ carboplatin/ bevacizumab in non-small cell lung cancer patients induces peripheral effector CD8 T cell proliferation that could be prone for treatment with checkpoint inhibitors (ID 384)

      12:30 - 13:00  |  Author(s): Egbert F. Smit

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Checkpoint inhibitors targeting programmed death receptor (PD)-1 or PD-ligand 1 (PD-L1) became the cornerstone in the treatment of advanced NSCLC. Several phase III trials showed a better overall survival by treating with combination chemotherapy and checkpoint inhibition, suggesting that addition of chemotherapy increased the response to checkpoint inhibitors. Recently, peripheral blood biomarkers such as Ki67+PD-1+CD8 cells were found to be predictive for clinical outcome with PD-1 treatment. Knowing more about immune modulatory capacities of chemotherapy can help us to design better treatment strategies. We investigated the immune-modulatory effects of paclitaxel/carboplatin/bevacizumab (PCB), focusing on known immune populations associated with response to checkpoint inhibitors in peripheral blood.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Methods

      In the NVALT 12 study, 223 patients with advanced NSCLC were enrolled to receive PCB, with or without nitroglycerin patch. At baseline and after the first and second treatment cycle, peripheral blood was drawn. By flow cytometry, the proportions of T cells and several subsets and co-inhibitory receptors of these, B cells and monocytes were determined.

      20c51b5f4e9aeb5334c90ff072e6f928 Results

      6 weeks after starting treatment with PCB, the proportions of T cells were significantly increased compared to baseline values. Within the T cells subsets, proliferation of CD4 T cells remained stable whereas proliferation of CD8 T cells (Ki67+) were significantly increased. The proliferating Ki67+ CD8 T cells expresses more PD-1 compared to non-proliferating CD8 T cells. However, patients with >2 fold increased proliferation of T cells did not show a better outcome.

      fd69c5cf902969e6fb71d043085ddee6 Conclusions

      Paclitaxel/ carboplatin/ bevacizumab induces proliferation of CD8 T cells which expresses more co-inhibitory checkpoint molecules. Progression free and overall survival was unchanged by this increase on its own, showing the rationale to combine PCB with checkpoint inhibition in lung cancer, as used in Impower 150.

      b651e8a99c4375feb982b7c2cad376e9 Clinical trial identification

      NCT01171170.

      7a6a3ffa2dadc03a6151ee2c4d6fa383 Legal entity responsible for the study

      The authors.

      213f68309caaa4ccc14d5f99789640ad Funding

      NVALT.

      682889d0a1d3b50267a69346a750433d Disclosure

      D. Dumoulin: Speakers fee: BMS, Roche, Pfizer, Novartis. A-M.C. Dingemans: Advisory boards, lectures: Roche, Eli Lilly, Boehringer Ingelheim, AstraZeneca, Pfizer, BMS, Amgen, Novartis, MSD, Takeda (honoraria to institution). J.G. Aerts: Advisory boards: BMS, Boehringer Ingelheim, MSD, AstraZeneca, Eli Lilly, Takeda, Amphera; Stock owner: Amphera B.V. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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    Molecular board in clinical practice (ID 38)

    • Event: ELCC 2019
    • Type: Educational session
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 4/12/2019, 14:30 - 16:00, Room B
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      Biomarkers are a rapidly changing scenario: How to face it (ID 94)

      14:30 - 16:00  |  Presenting Author(s): Egbert F. Smit

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Abstract not provided

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