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Yera Dhanurdhar

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    P3.13 - Targeted Therapy (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 979)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 12:00 - 13:30, Exhibit Hall
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      P3.13-16 - Concomitant EML4-ALK Rearrangement and EGFR Mutation in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients: Data from Eastern Indian Hospital. (ID 13867)

      12:00 - 13:30  |  Author(s): Yera Dhanurdhar

      • Abstract
      • Slides


      Clinical guidelines recommend routine testing for genetic mutations in all adenocarcinoma of lung, including ALK EML4 gene rearrangement. The coexistence of EGFR mutations and EML4- ALK rearrangements have been described as extremely rare. Perhaps this is due to its low prevalence and the sensitivity of available diagnostic modalities. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, is an upcoming institute of national importance situated in eastern India. No report on EGFR mutation and EML4- ALK rearrangement has been published so far from this region of India.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We retrospectively analysed the available data of patients from June 2014 to April 2018. Genetic testing was done from tissue block specimens immediately after establishing the histology. EGFR mutation analysis were done using commercially available Real Time PCR and ALK-positivity was assessed with immunohistochemistry (IHC) by VENTANA ALK (D5F3) CDx Assay. We investigated the course of disease with the efficacy of targeted therapy in EGFR/ ALK co-altered NSCLCs

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Out of 251 NSCLC cases, 198 had adenocarcinoma and only four patients (1.6%) had concomitant EGFR/ALK co-alterations. Of the EGFR mutations, two were positive for Exon 19 and other two were positive for Exon 21. Mean age for Exon 19 and Exon 21 positive patients were 40 and 63 respectively. All four patients were male and had advanced stages of lung cancer. Mutation in all the four patients were detected from initial tissue biopsy and they were negative for ROS1. Three patients had received platinum based doublet regimen followed by EGFR-TKI and one patient received Erlotinib. None had received Crizotinib yet.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      The coexistence of EGFR mutations and EML4- ALK rearrangements is low but higher than other geographical areas. Since the two alterations may coexist from the beginning of diagnosis, future perspective in management could be finding potential efficacy of a double inhibition of both ALK and EGFR mutations.


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