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Jean-Charles Soria



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    P2.13 - Targeted Therapy (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 962)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P2.13-24 - Prospective Efficacy of Osimertinib in Circulating Tumour DNA (ctDNA) T790M-Mutant NSCLC Patients (ID 14031)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Jean-Charles Soria

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Liquid biopsy circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis in advanced EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients is an approved tool for molecular profiling and disease surveillance when tissue is not available. Long-term efficacy of osimertinib in patients with the T790M resistance mutation positive detected only by ctDNA (without tissue information) has not been fully validated.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      In a prospective study, EGFR-mutant advanced NSCLC patients with acquired resistance to EGFR TKI, in whom a repeat tissue biopsy was not feasible, were assessed for ctDNA T790M mutational status using InVisionSeqTM. T790M-positive NSCLC patients received osimertinib (80 mg daily; extended access program or approval) at RECIST progression. The objectives were to assess: proportion of patients with acquired ctDNA-T790M positive; overall survival (OS) of the overall EGFR-mutant population as well as OS comparison for T790M +ve/-ve. Also, for those T790M-positive NSCLC patients who received osimertinib in a real world data we assessed: response rate (RR) according to RECIST 1.1 by investigator and progression free survival (PFS), calculated from the date of osimertinib initiation until the date of progression or death (whichever came first), or the date of last follow-up are also reported.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      We recruited 82 patients (71% female, median age 64 years, 72% Del19 EGFR mutation, 71% never-smokers). The ctDNA T790M mutation was detected in 55% (N=45) of NSCLC patients. Median OS of EGFR-mutant population was 38.2 months (mo.). According to T790M status, median OS was 41.2 months and 30.4 mo. for T790M-positive and T790M-negative NSCLC patients, respectively. Both cohorts had already received a median of 3 previous treatment lines. In 40 T790M-positive NSCLC patients who receive osimertinib, RR was 55% (PR: 55%, SD 27.5% and PD: 12.5%) and median PFS of 8.5 mo. Median OS on osimertinib among 10 patients with brain and/or leptomeningeal metastases at baseline was of 13.4 months.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      In patients with acquired resistance to first- or second-generation EGFR TKIs, ctDNA T790M detection by InVisionSeqâ„¢ is equivalent to what has been reported in tissue biopsy. Osimertinib has clinical benefit in patients for which the T790M resistance mutation is detected only through a liquid biopsy procedure.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P3.03 - Biology (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 969)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 12:00 - 13:30, Exhibit Hall
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      P3.03-27 - Somatic BRCA1/2 Mutations in Advanced NSCLC Patients: Description of a Sub-Population from the Ongoing Unicancer SAFIR02-Lung / IFCT-1301 Trial (ID 13332)

      12:00 - 13:30  |  Author(s): Jean-Charles Soria

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Molecular profiling is considered standard of care in advanced NSCLC. Identification of druggable molecular alterations may enhance the percentage of patients suitable for personalized treatment.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      From 04/2014 to 03/2017, 602 newly diagnosed,advanced NSCLC patients (pts) were enrolled in SAFIR02-Lung trial (NCT02117167). Molecular profile provided information on copy number alterations and mutations on 71 oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. The profile was performed for 420 pts (70%) on archival tissue or frozen tissue collected from a new biopsy performed before the 3rd cycle (tissue or liquid) of chemotherapy. The frequency of BRCA mutation (mut) was assessed and clinicopathologic data collected. A homologous recombinant deficiency (HRD) score was performed on the copy number variations (CNV) data and the germline status was based on blood analysis. The BRCAshare database was the reference for the variants classification.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      18 pts were identified with BRCA alterations. BRCA variants of unknown significance were detected in 11 pts (2.6%). Response to chemotherapy according to RECIST 1.1 by investigator was: 6 stable disease (SD), 1 partial response, and 4 progressive disease (PD). CNV profile was evaluable for HRD in 6 out of 11 pts, with 50% positive.

      Seven pts (1.7%) were identified with deleterious BRCA-mut. 2 pts (0.5%) harboured germline BRCA2-mut (1 with breast cancer familiar history). Both pts had SD to chemotherapy. Somatic BRCA-mut was identified in 5 pts (1.2%, 2 BRCA1- and 3 BRCA2-mut). All were male, 100% adenocarcinoma, 75% smokers of 40 pack/year, 1 pt with familial cancer history, and 80% of pts had bone metastases. Response to chemotherapy was: 4 SD, and 1 PD. Three of 7 corresponding CNV profiles were evaluable for HRD score analysis with 100% positive.

      N=420

      BRCA alterations (N=18)

      BRCA VUS

      N=11

      BRCA deleterious

      N=7

      Somatic

      6

      5

      Germline

      5

      2

      HRD positive- Somatic

      Germline

      3/6*

      2

      1

      3/3*

      3

      0

      VUS: variants of unknown significance

      *Amongst patients with available samples for analysis

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Pathogenic BRCA1/2 mutations occur in 1.7% of advanced NSCLC with 71% of somatic mutations suggesting its value for exploring new therapeutic strategies in this population

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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