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Christian David Castro

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    P2.13 - Targeted Therapy (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 962)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P2.13-11 - EGFR Amplification and Sensitizing Mutations Correlates with Survival from Erlotinib in Lung Adenocarcinoma Patients (MutP-CLICAP¶) (ID 14305)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Christian David Castro

      • Abstract


      Tumor heterogeneity causes different EGFR mutation abundances, and is believed to be responsible for varied progression-free survival (PFS) in lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) patients receiving EGFR-TKI treatment. EGFR amplification and its common presence in EGFR mutant allele might be determined by the EGFR copy number variation. Examination of EGFR amplification status in EGFR mutant patients could predict the efficacy of EGFR-TKI treatment

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      72 lung ADC patients, who harbored EGFR activating mutations and received erlotinib as first line treatment, were examined for EGFR amplification by FISH. We analyzed the relationship between the EGFR mutational status and copy number profile with clinical outcomes including response rate, overall-survival (OS), and PFS.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Median age was 62-yo (r, 20-87 years), 53 patients were females (73%), and 89% had common mutations. Twenty-two (30.6%) samples with EGFR activating mutations were identified as having EGFR amplification. EGFR amplification was more frequent in patients with exon 19 deletion (p=0.05) and in those with better performance status (p=0.01). Patients with EGFR gene amplification had a significantly longer PFS than those without [(25.2 months, 95%CI 22.0-38.5) vs. (12.4 months, 95%CI 5.3-19.5); p=0.002] as well as better OS [(EGFR amplified 37.8 months, 95%CI 30.9-44.7) vs. (EGFR non-amplified 27.1 months, 95%CI 12.8-41.3); p=0.009]. EGFR amplification significantly influenced the response to erlotinib (p=0.0001).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      EGFR amplification occurs in one third of patients with lung ADC harboring EGFR activating mutations, and could serve as an indicator for better response and survival from EGFR-TKI treatment.