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Steven J Feigenberg

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    P1.17 - Treatment of Locoregional Disease - NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 949)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.17-10 - Consolidation Chemotherapy in Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Still a Critical Piece of the Puzzle (ID 14262)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Steven J Feigenberg

      • Abstract
      • Slides


      Despite lack of proven survival benefit, national guidelines recommend that patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with chemoradiation (CRT) using weekly regimens receive two additional cycles of full dose consolidation chemotherapy (cCT). We seek to explore the benefit of cCT in our mature annotated cohort of stage III NSCLC patients treated with modern radiation therapy (RT) and predominantly weekly carboplatin/paclitaxel-based CRT.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      In this retrospective analysis, 355 consecutive patients with stage III NSCLC treated with either definitive CRT alone (bimodality) or followed by surgery (trimodality), between the years 2000-2013 were analyzed. Median age of the patients was 60 years (range: 30-86). Stage grouping was IIIA: 56.3%, T3/4: 49%, N2: 61.4%; N3: 21.4%. Histology was evenly distributed between squamous, adenocarcinoma, other or not specified. Concurrent CRT was delivered in 92.1% of the patients, 74% receiving weekly carboplatin/paclitaxel. Median radiation dose was 63Gy (range 10.8-81.6Gy). Data on cCT use was available in 304 patients, 69.7% receiving cCT. Logistic regression was performed to assess predictors for the use of cCT. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate the overall (OS) and freedom-from-recurrence (FFR) adjusted for age, gender, marital status, insurance status, smoking history, COPD diagnosis, performance status, Charlson score, year of diagnosis, concurrent vs sequential CRT, RT technique, RT dose and surgery.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      With a median follow up of 15 months (range: 1-184 months), OS (median/5-year) with and without cCT was 30.2 months/ 30.5% and 15.3 months/ 12.9%, respectively (multivariate adjusted HR for death: 0.50; 95% CI: 0.37-0.69, p < 0.001). Corresponding values for FFR were 19 months/ 27% and 11.2 months/ 11.4% (adjusted HR: 0.54; 95% CI: 0.37-0.77, p = 0.001).

      On subset analysis, the OS benefit was seen in patients undergoing bimodality therapy (HR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.40-0.83, p = 0.003) but not for trimodality therapy (p = 0.124). Similarly, an OS benefit was seen in stage IIIA (HR: 0.35; 95% CI: 0.23-0.55, p < 0.001) but not for stage IIIB patients (p = 0.071). The only factor predicting the use of cCT was primary treatment: bimodality vs trimodality (OR: 2.2; 95% CI: 1.1-4.3, p = 0.018 favoring bimodality).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Consolidation chemotherapy should continue to be strongly considered for stage III NSCLC patients, especially those undergoing bimodality therapy receiving weekly sensitizing doses of carboplatin-paclitaxel and with stage IIIA disease. The relative benefit of cCT in the setting of maintenance durvalumab (or other immunotherapy) needs further evaluation.


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