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Gwo-Fuang Ho

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    P1.15 - Treatment in the Real World - Support, Survivorship, Systems Research (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 947)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.15-15 - Real-World Experience with Afatinib after Failure of First-Generation Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor (ID 13652)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Gwo-Fuang Ho

      • Abstract
      • Slides


      Afatinib, a second-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) is the recommended first-line treatment for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer harbouring sensitizing EGFR mutations. The role of afatinib after failure of first-generation EGFR-TKIs is controversial.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      A retrospective observational study of patients with EGFR mutant advanced NSCLC receiving second-line afatinib after failure of first-generation EGFR-TKI in University Malaya Medical Center from 1st December 2014 to 30th April 2018.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      The demographic and clinical characteristics of 27 patients treated with afatinib after failure of first-generation EGFR-TKI are shown in Table 1. Twenty-three patients received gefitinib and 4 patients received erlotinib as first-line treatment. The mPFS with first-line treatment was 11.9 months. Fifteen patients had progression of disease (PD) following second-line afatinib with mPFS of 4.2 months and median time-to-treatment failure of 5.7 months. The mPFS2 conferred by first-line first-generation EGFR-TKI and second-line afatinib was 18.4 months. The overall response rate to second-line afatinib was 18.5% (5/27) while the disease control rate as 70.3% (19/27).

      Two patients who had PD on first-generation EGFR-TKI due to T790M mutation received second-line afatinib while waiting for compassionate access to osimertinib. Nine of the 15 patients (69.2%) with PD on afatinib underwent investigations for resistance mechanisms. Three patients had T790M mutation, one of whom had concomitant small cell lung cancer transformation. c-MET amplification was detected in another 3 patients. One patient each had EML4-ALK rearrangement and epithelial mesenchymal transition.

      table 1.jpg

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Afatinib conferred a modest mPFS benefit after failure of first-generation EGFR-TKI. The mPFS of sequential treatment with first-generation EGFR-TKI followed by afatinib seems longer than the mPFS of first-line afatinib in phase 3 randomised controlled trials. Apart from T790M mutation, the resistance mechanisms to second-line afatinib in our patients are more heterogenous.


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