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Islam Safwat Ali Hassan



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    P1.13 - Targeted Therapy (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 945)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.13-37 - Clinical Evaluation of Plasma-Based (cfDNA) Genomic Profiling in Over 1,000 Patients with Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 14332)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Islam Safwat Ali Hassan

      • Abstract

      Background

      Tumor genomic information from a simple blood collection revealing actionable mutation can improve clinical outcome without the need for an invasive tissue biopsy. We report on the clinical utility of a cell-free DNA (cfDNA) next generation sequencing (NGS) blood test in our patients with non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) and the outcome of treatments with targeted therapies based on the reported mutations.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      From May 2015 to February 2017, 1078 blood samples from 1011 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of NSCLC were collected and analyzed using next-generation sequencing of cfDNA with a panel of up to 70 cancer-related genes at a CLIA-certified lab (Guardant360, Guardant Health, Redwood City, CA) with reported sensitivity of 0.02% mutant allele fraction with high specificity (> 99.9999%) (CCR 2018 (17):3831). Patients in this retrospective study received targeted therapy as indicated by cfDNA molecular profiling. Tumor response was evaluated by RECIST V1.1 and standard clinical evaluation.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      From 1011 patients, 1078 cfDNA tests sent (additional follow-up tests: 1 in 64 patients and 2 in 3 patients). In 223/1011 (22%) patients had cfDNA report with at least 1 targetable mutations; with 48/223 (22%) patients meeting criteria for this retrospective review. Study population were 31 female:17 male, median age of 63 years (ranged:31-94). The rationale for the blood test included: insufficient tissue or not available (32%), addition to tissue molecular analysis (17%), alternative to tissue biopsy(10%), on-going treatment evaluation/resistance (41%). Mutations included:EGFR T790M (15), EGFR exon 19del (12), EGFR L858R (9), EGFR exon 20 insertion (4), EGFR others (1), ALK gene fusions (5) and MET exon 14 skipping (2). The median line of therapy was 2(ranged:1-7) with 28 patients receiving TKI as 1st line of therapy based on cfDNA mutations. With targeted treatments based on ctDNA results, the responses (RECIST V1.1) were: CR(3), PR(26), SD(14) and PD(4); median PFS was 8.5 months (ranged:1-26mos) for the overall population with 4 patients still receiving targeted therapy. Median PFS was 9.5 months (ranged:1-20 months) for those receiving TKI as 1st line.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      This is the largest analysis of response rates with cfDNA directed therapy in advanced NSCLC and demonstrates positive clinical outcomes in patients treated with targeted therapy based on plasma identified biomarkers.

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