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Hiroki Sato



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    P1.13 - Targeted Therapy (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 945)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.13-13 - Potent Anti-Tumor Effect of Ganetespib in Acquired EGFR-TKI Resistance NSCLC Cells (ID 12652)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Hiroki Sato

      • Abstract

      Background

      Non-small cell lung cancer (NCSLC) harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation shows favorable response to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). However, almost all these patients eventually acquire resistance to EGFR-TKIs, and novel therapeutic strategies to overcome the acquired resistance have been required. The 90-kDa heat shock protein (HSP90) is a chaperon protein expressed at high levels in cancer cells and involved in folding or stabilization of client proteins essential for cancer cell growth and survival. Ganetespib (STA-9090) is one of the second-generation HSP90 inhibitors with potent anti-tumor effect on NSCLC cells. In this study, we evaluated the anti-tumor effect of ganetespib in EGFR-TKI sensitive and acquired resistance NSCLC cell lines.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We treated 4 EGFR-mutant NSCLC cell lines (HCC827, HCC4006, HCC4011 and PC-9), and 5 experimentally established EGFR-TKI (gefitinib) resistance cell lines with ganetespib. The EGFR-TKI resistant mechanism consisted of EGFR T790M second mutation, MET amplification, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cancer stem cell-like properties. We determined cell proliferation by MTS assay and calculated the IC50 values. We also performed Western blotting to investigate downstream signaling pathway alterations.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      The IC50 values in parental NSCLC cell lines ranged from 1.3nM to 15nM, and those in acquired EGFR-TKI resistance NSCLC cell lines ranged from 0.87nM to 25nM, which suggests potent anti-tumor effect of ganetespib. In addition, this effect was observed regardless of the resistant mechanisms, including EMT. Ganetespib effectively suppressed the expression of downstream pathway molecules in all examined cell lines including acquired EGFR-TKI resistance NSCLC cell lines. Also, ganetespib effectively induced apoptosis in parental and acquired EGFR-TKI resistance NSCLC cell lines with EGFR T790M mutation or MET amplification.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Ganetespib exhibited potent anti-tumor effect in acquired EGFR-TKI resistance NSCLC cell lines regardless of the resistant mechanisms, suggesting that ganetespib could be a promising therapeutic option in the treatment of NSCLC with acquired EGFR-TKI resistance.

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