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Halina Batura-Gabryel



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    P1.11 - Screening and Early Detection (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 943)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.11-03 - MicroRNA with Ability to Reciprocal Regulation of Dicer and Drosha – Plasma Expression Status and Diagnostic Value in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 12133)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Halina Batura-Gabryel

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Examination of microRNAs expression in plasma could be useful in screening and in early detection of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). One of the most important enzymes in miRNA biogenesis are Dicer and Drosha. Disrupted expression of miRNA with ability to reciprocal regulation of Dicer and Drosha could participate in cancer development.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Plasma expression of miR-27-3p, miR-31, miR-182 and miR-195 were analysed in 138 Polish NSCLC patients (median age 65 years, 83 male and 55 female) and in 45 healthy people (median age 62 years, 28 male and 17 female). 57 (41.3%) NSCLC patient were in I-IIIA stage and 81 (58.7%) patients were in IIIB-IV stage. Relative expression of microRNAs between studied groups was compared using U Mann-Whitney test. For assessment of diagnostic accuracy (test sensitivity and specificity), the receiver operating curves (ROC) with area under curve (AUC) analysis were generated.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      We demonstrated that plasma levels of miR-27-3p, miR-31 and miR-182 were significantly higher (p<0.000001, p=0.00008, p=0.006 respectively) and miR-195 significantly lower (p=0.000002) in NSCLC patients in comparison with healthy donors. Moreover, patients with early stages (I-IIIA) of NSCLC showed significantly higher expression of miR-27a-3p (p<0.000001), miR-31 (p=0.0003) and miR-182 (p=0.000003) than healthy persons. Expression of miR-195 was significantly lower in patients with early stages (I-IIIA) of NSCLC than in healthy donors (p<0.000001). AUC for miR-27a was 0.95 (94% sensitivity and 81% specificity, p<0.00001), for miR-31 was 0.71 (73% sensitivity and 61% specificity, p=0.001), for miR-182 was 0.77 (70% sensitivity and 79% specificity, p<0.00001) and for miR-195 was 0.82 (74% sensitivity and 80% specificity, p=0.00001).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Expression of miR-27a, miR-31, miR-182 and miR-195 could distinguish patients with NSCLC from healthy people. The examination of these microRNAs in plasma could be used in non-invasive lung cancer diagnosis. Deregulation of Dicer and Drosha expression by microRNAs could have oncogenic character.

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