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Aurelie Boni



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    P1.09 - Pathology (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 941)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.09-02 - PD-L1 Expression Pattern in Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Lung: The GFPC 03-2017 "EPNEC" Study. (ID 11945)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Aurelie Boni

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas of the lung (LCNECs) are rare neoplasms with few therapeutics options especially for stage IV diseases. Pathological diagnostic of LCNECs may be difficult with low interobserver reproducibility and need immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. Immune checkpoint inhibitors targeting tumoral and immune cells interaction have revolutionized the treatment of NSCLC, but few data's are available on LCNECs immune environment and particulary the expression of PD-L1 on both tumors (TC) and immune infiltrating (IC) cells. The objective of the present study is to determine the pattern of PD-L1 staining in a cohort of LCNECs patients.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Clinical files and tumors biopsies of patients (pts) with a LCNEC diagnosed between 01.01.2014 and 31.12.2016 were retrospectively collected (GFPC 03-2017). All histological samples were centrally reviewed by a panel of six independent pathologists, according to the WHO 2015 classification. LCNEC was confirmed and PD-L1 expression was determined both in TC and IC, using the anti-PD-L1 antibody 22C3 (kit and automat Dako). PD-L1 expression was scored on TC as the percentage of PD-L1 positive cells (0 to 100%). PD-L1 expression on IC was determined as follows: IC0: positive IC representing<1% of the tumor surface; IC1: positive IC representing>=1% but<5% of the tumor surface; IC2: positive IC representing>=5% but<10% of the tumor surface; and IC3: positive IC representing>10% of the tumor surface.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Eighty-six pts were initially included in the study.Twenty-eight (32%) of them were excluded for non-LCNEC diagnosis after review. Among the 58 remaining pts with confirmed LCNEC, five (8%) had a mixed histology with a NSCLC component.The mean age of the population was 65 years, mainly mens (86%) and former or current heavy smokers (93%). Fifty-five and 51 tumors samples were respectively available for TC and IC PD-L1 IHC expression. PD-L1 expression on TC was found in only 12% of the samples (7/55), while 76% (39/51) of the samples shows IC PD-L1 positive, with respectively 18 (35%) IC3, 8 (14%) IC 2, and 13 (25%) IC1.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Histological diagnosis of LCNEC remains difficult, and prospective studies concerning patients with LCNEC should include a centrally pathological review of tumors.The PD-L1 expression pattern looks different for LCNEC in comparison to other lung carcinomas, as few TC were found positive although IC were frequently positive, half of the tumors having high PD-L1 IC infiltration (IC3/2). This PD-L1 pattern may suggest a potential effectiveness of therapeutic anti PD-L1 antibodies and this hypothesis have to be adressed in clinical trials.

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