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P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)
- Event: WCLC 2018
- Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
- Presentations: 3
- Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
P1.01-107 - The Impact of Anlotinib on Quality of Life in Patients with Advance NSCLC: Post-Hoc Analysis of a Phase III Randomized Control Trial (ALTER0303) (ID 12249)
16:45 - 18:00 | Author(s): Jianying Zhou
Anlotinib is a novel multi-target tyrosine Kinase inhibitor that inhibits VEGFR2/3, FGFR1-4, PDGFD α/β, c-Kit and Ret. In the phase Ⅲ ALTER-0303 trial (Clinical Trial Registry ID: NCT 02388919), anlotinib significantly improved overall survival versus placebo in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who had received at least two previous chemotherapy and epidermal growth factor receptor /anaplastic lymphoma kinase targeted therapy regimens. This study assessed quality of life (QoL) in these patients.a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method
Patients were randomized (2:1) to anlotinib or placebo up to progression or intolerable toxicity. The QoL were assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (QLQ-C30) and the associated EORTC Quality of Life Lung Cancer Specific Module (QLQ-LC13) at baseline, end of cycle 1, end of every two cycles, and at the final visit. The analyses were conducted in the first 6 cycles. Differences in scores of 10 points or more between two arms or from baseline were considered clinically meaningful.4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result
A total of 437 patients were assigned to anlotinib (n=294) and placebo (n=143). The completion rates of the QoL questionnaires were from 69.9 % to 97.0%. Mean scores of QLQ-C30 and QLQ-LC13 subscales were similar in the anlotinib and placebo arms at baseline. Compared to placebo, anlotinib improved role functioning (at cycle 2), social functioning (at cycle 4), dyspnea (at cycle 2, 4), insomnia (at cycle 6), constipation (at cycle 2) and financial problems (at cycle 2). Only sore mouth or tongue symptom was worse in the anlotinib arm (at cycle 2, 4, 6) than in the placebo arm.8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion
Anlotinib improved quality of life versus placebo in advanced NSCLC patients who had received at least two previous chemotherapies. The QoL analyses provided evidence that anlotinib should be a choice for the third-line treatment or beyond in advanced NSCLC.6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53
P1.01-108 - Management of Anlotinib-Related Adverse Events: Data From ALTER 0303 (ID 12054)
16:45 - 18:00 | Author(s): Jianying Zhou
Anlotinib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting VEGFR, FGFR, PDGFR and c-kit. In the phase Ⅲ ALTER-0303 trial (Clinical Trial Registry ID: NCT 02388919), anlotinib significantly improved overall survival versus placebo in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who had received at least two previous chemotherapy and epidermal growth factor receptor /anaplastic lymphoma kinase targeted therapy regimens. This study summarized adverse event management in this trial.a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method
Patients were randomized (2:1) to anlotinib or placebo up to progression or intolerable toxicity. Adverse events were graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE 4.0) and managed by investigators. Adverse events and key strategies for preventing and managing the most common adverse events were described. Proportions were compared using the χ2 test or Fisher’s exact test, as appropriate. Two-sided values of P <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Analyses were calculated by SAS 9.4.4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result
Between February 2015, and August 2016, a total of 437 patients were randomized to anlotinib group (n=294) and placebo group (n=143). The most common anlotinb related adverse events were hypertension (64.6%), fatigue (46.3%), TSH elevation (44.6%), hand-foot syndrome (HFS) (43.2%), hypertriglyceridemia (38.8%), anorexia (38.4%). The most common anlotinib related grade ≥3 adverse events were hypertension (13.3%), HFS (3.7%), and hypertriglyceridemia (2.4%). The median onset time of hypertension, HFS, and hypertriglyceridemia were 6 days, 30 days, and 22 days respectively.
To monitor blood pressure, every patient had an electronic manometer. One hundred and eight (36.7%) patients received dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, 79 (26.9%) patients received converting enzyme inhibitors of angiotensin /angiotensin receptor blockers, 57 (19.4%) patients received diuretics, 35 (11.9%) patients received beta-blockers. Only 3 (1.0%) patients need dose modification due to hypertension.
Prophylactic measures of HFS were recommended. Frequent emollients should be used on hands and feet to maintain skin hydration, manicure or pedicure to control calluses, protect pressure points and tender areas of feet with insole cushions, shock-absorbing soles, comfortable shoes. Seven (2.3%) patients required dose reduction due to hand-foot skin syndrome. Eleven (3.7%) patients received cortisone cream for topical therapy.
Twenty-four patients received fibrates to reduce plasma triglyceride level. Two (0.7%) patients required dose reduction due to hypertriglyceridemia.8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion
Anlotinb-related adverse events could be controlled by prophylactic measures, and early intervention.6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53
P1.01-62 - The Third Generation Irreversible EGFR Inhibitor HS-10296 in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients (ID 13138)
16:45 - 18:00 | Author(s): Jianying Zhou
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M mutation is the most common mechanism of drug resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with sensitizing EGFR mutations. The third generation irreversible EGFR inhibitor HS-10296 has been shown to be safe and effective against both EGFR TKI-sensitizing and T790M resistance mutations in preclinical studies.a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method
A Phase I, open-label, multi-center clinical trial was conducted in patients with locally advanced or distant metastatic NSCLC who have progressed following prior therapy with EGFR TKIs. The study was consisted of dose-escalation cohorts (55, 110, 220 and 260 mg) and dose-expansion cohorts (55, 110 and 220 mg) with once daily oral administration of HS-10296. In each expansion cohort, tumor biopsies were collected for central determination of EGFR T790M status. Patients were assessed for safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and efficacy of HS-10296.4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result
A total of 117 patients (median age 60) received at least one dose of HS-10296 across multiple sites in China (43 patients), Taiwan (69 patients) and the United States (5 patients). Maximum tolerated dose（MTD）has not been reached in this study. The most common adverse events were grade1/2 rash, pyrexia, upper respiratory tract infection, constipation, diarrhoea and blood creatine phosphokinase elevation. Drug-related serious adverse events were anemia (0.8%), blood creatinine elevation (0.8%), anemiarhabdomyolysis (0.8%) and blood creatine phosphokinase elevation (0.8%) occurred mainly in the cohorts with higher doses at 220 mg or 260 mg, respectively. These data demonstrated favorable tolerability and safety of HS-10296 in patients enrolled. The pharmacokinetics of HS-10296 was dose proportional and the plasma half-life was 30.7~37.5 hours. Among 82 evaluable patients (18 in escalation cohorts and 64 in expansion cohorts) with the EGFR T790M mutation, the overall objective response rate (ORR) was 52.4% (43/82; 95% CI, 41.6 to 63.3), while disease control rate (DCR) was 91.5% (75/82; 95% CI, 85.4 to 97.5). 110mg cohort showed better DCR (97.2% VS. 86.1%) than 55mg cohort. Phase II study is ongoing with the dose at 110 mg.8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion
HS-10296 has the potential to provide clinical benefit to locally advanced or distant metastatic NSCLC patients with EGFR T790M mutation who had disease progression following prior therapy with EGFR TKIs.
(The study was sponsored by Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02981108)6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53