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Mengzhao Wang



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    P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 2
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.01-107 - The Impact of Anlotinib on Quality of Life in Patients with Advance NSCLC: Post-Hoc Analysis of a Phase III Randomized Control Trial (ALTER0303) (ID 12249)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Mengzhao Wang

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Anlotinib is a novel multi-target tyrosine Kinase inhibitor that inhibits VEGFR2/3, FGFR1-4, PDGFD α/β, c-Kit and Ret. In the phase Ⅲ ALTER-0303 trial (Clinical Trial Registry ID: NCT 02388919), anlotinib significantly improved overall survival versus placebo in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who had received at least two previous chemotherapy and epidermal growth factor receptor /anaplastic lymphoma kinase targeted therapy regimens. This study assessed quality of life (QoL) in these patients.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Patients were randomized (2:1) to anlotinib or placebo up to progression or intolerable toxicity. The QoL were assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (QLQ-C30) and the associated EORTC Quality of Life Lung Cancer Specific Module (QLQ-LC13) at baseline, end of cycle 1, end of every two cycles, and at the final visit. The analyses were conducted in the first 6 cycles. Differences in scores of 10 points or more between two arms or from baseline were considered clinically meaningful.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      A total of 437 patients were assigned to anlotinib (n=294) and placebo (n=143). The completion rates of the QoL questionnaires were from 69.9 % to 97.0%. Mean scores of QLQ-C30 and QLQ-LC13 subscales were similar in the anlotinib and placebo arms at baseline. Compared to placebo, anlotinib improved role functioning (at cycle 2), social functioning (at cycle 4), dyspnea (at cycle 2, 4), insomnia (at cycle 6), constipation (at cycle 2) and financial problems (at cycle 2). Only sore mouth or tongue symptom was worse in the anlotinib arm (at cycle 2, 4, 6) than in the placebo arm.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Anlotinib improved quality of life versus placebo in advanced NSCLC patients who had received at least two previous chemotherapies. The QoL analyses provided evidence that anlotinib should be a choice for the third-line treatment or beyond in advanced NSCLC.

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      P1.01-108 - Management of Anlotinib-Related Adverse Events: Data From ALTER 0303 (ID 12054)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Mengzhao Wang

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Anlotinib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting VEGFR, FGFR, PDGFR and c-kit. In the phase Ⅲ ALTER-0303 trial (Clinical Trial Registry ID: NCT 02388919), anlotinib significantly improved overall survival versus placebo in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who had received at least two previous chemotherapy and epidermal growth factor receptor /anaplastic lymphoma kinase targeted therapy regimens. This study summarized adverse event management in this trial.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Patients were randomized (2:1) to anlotinib or placebo up to progression or intolerable toxicity. Adverse events were graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE 4.0) and managed by investigators. Adverse events and key strategies for preventing and managing the most common adverse events were described. Proportions were compared using the χ2 test or Fisher’s exact test, as appropriate. Two-sided values of P <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Analyses were calculated by SAS 9.4.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Between February 2015, and August 2016, a total of 437 patients were randomized to anlotinib group (n=294) and placebo group (n=143). The most common anlotinb related adverse events were hypertension (64.6%), fatigue (46.3%), TSH elevation (44.6%), hand-foot syndrome (HFS) (43.2%), hypertriglyceridemia (38.8%), anorexia (38.4%). The most common anlotinib related grade ≥3 adverse events were hypertension (13.3%), HFS (3.7%), and hypertriglyceridemia (2.4%). The median onset time of hypertension, HFS, and hypertriglyceridemia were 6 days, 30 days, and 22 days respectively.

      To monitor blood pressure, every patient had an electronic manometer. One hundred and eight (36.7%) patients received dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, 79 (26.9%) patients received converting enzyme inhibitors of angiotensin /angiotensin receptor blockers, 57 (19.4%) patients received diuretics, 35 (11.9%) patients received beta-blockers. Only 3 (1.0%) patients need dose modification due to hypertension.

      Prophylactic measures of HFS were recommended. Frequent emollients should be used on hands and feet to maintain skin hydration, manicure or pedicure to control calluses, protect pressure points and tender areas of feet with insole cushions, shock-absorbing soles, comfortable shoes. Seven (2.3%) patients required dose reduction due to hand-foot skin syndrome. Eleven (3.7%) patients received cortisone cream for topical therapy.

      Twenty-four patients received fibrates to reduce plasma triglyceride level. Two (0.7%) patients required dose reduction due to hypertriglyceridemia.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Anlotinb-related adverse events could be controlled by prophylactic measures, and early intervention.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P2.13 - Targeted Therapy (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 962)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P2.13-04 - Outcomes of ALK-Positive Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients Treated with Crizotinib: A Multicenter Cohort Retrospective Study. (ID 13304)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Mengzhao Wang

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Crizotinib has demonstrated promising efficacy in patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in clinical trials. However, there is lack of multicenter real-world data summary with large cohort of patients, especially in China. We conducted this multicenter and retrospective study to assess the outcomes of crizotinib in, to our knowledge, the largest cohort of patients with ALK-positive advanced NSCLC.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We reviewed medical records of 484 unselected ALK-positive NSCLC patients treated with crizotinib at five cancer centers in China from January 2013 to November 2017. Clinical data were collected from crizotinib initiation to RECIST-defined progressive disease (PD), and post-PD systemic treatment outcomes were also analyzed.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      A total of 428 eligible ALK-positive NSCLC patients were enrolled. Among them, 273 (63.8%) patients received crizotinib as first-line treatment. The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) from crizotinib initiation were 14.4 months (95%CI: 12.4-16.4) and 53.4 months (95% CI: 33.7-73.1) respectively. In the subgroup analysis, patients received crizotinib as first-line treatment showed a higher disease control rate (DCR) and longer median OS with statistical significance compared with second-/ further line crizotinib treatment (94.8%, not estimated vs. 89.0%, 40.5 months, respectively). For 261 patients with RECIST-defined PD, multivariate COX analysis revealed that patients who received first-line crizotinib (P=0.013), continued crizotinib beyond progressive disease (CBPD) (P=0.011) and received next-generation ALKis after crizotinib failure (P<0.001) were associated with improved survival both from crizotinib progression and from the first crizotinib dose.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      This study demonstrated the clinically meaningful benefit of crizotinib treatment in the largest cohort of Chinese ALK positive NSCLC patients. CBPD and next-generation ALK TKI treatment may provide survival improvement after RECIST-defined progression on crizotinib.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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