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Santiago Ponce Aix



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    P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 4
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.01-68 - Correlation of the Lung Immune Prognostic Index (LIPI) and PDL1 Status with Outcomes for Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Advanced NSCLC Patients (ID 14256)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Santiago Ponce Aix

      • Abstract

      Background

      Baseline LIPI, based on derived NLR (neutrophils/[leucocytes-neutrophils]) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was associated with outcomes for immune checkpoint inhibitors in advanced NSCLC patients. We assessed the correlation between LIPI and PDL1 for ICI outcomes in NSCLC.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Baseline dNLR and LDH and clinical data were retrospectively collected in advanced NSCLC patients, treated with PD1/PDL1 +/- CTLA4 inhibitors from Nov. 2012 to Mar. 2018, in a multicentric cohort (N=794) from 11 centers. LIPI stratified 3 groups: good (dNLR<3+LDH<upper limit of normal (ULN), intermediate (dNLR>3 or LDH>ULN), poor risk (dNLR>3+LDH>ULN). PDL1 positivity was defined as ≥ 1% tumor cells expression by immunohistochemistry.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      476 patients (60%) were male, 693 (87%) smokers, 695 (88%) had PS ≤1, with median age 65; 576 (73%) had nonsquamous histology. PDL1 was ≥ 1% in 195 (70%) patients, negative in 82 (30%), and unknown in 517. The median of prior lines was 1 (0-11). The median PFS and OS were 4 months (m) [95% CI 4-5] and 12 m [10-15]. dNLR was>3 in 276 (35%) and LDH>ULN in 290 (37%) patients. LIPI stratified 349 patients as good (44%), 323 (41%) as intermediate and 121 (15%) as poor LIPI risk groups. LIPI was an independent factor for OS (table) and PFS (HR 2.58; CI 1.3-5.2, P=0.02). ≥ 1% PDL1 and ≥ 50% PDL1 were not correlated with OS and PFS. Median OS for good, intermediate, and poor LIPI risk groups were 21 m [17-23], 11 m [9-14] and 4 m [2-6], respectively (P=<0.0001). Median PFS for good, intermediate, and poor risk was 5 m [5-7], 4 m [3-5], and 2 m [1-3], respectively (P=0.0005). No differences were observed in LIPI groups according to the PDL1 expression.

      Multivariate analysis for OS

      HR

      95% CI

      P value

      Immunotherapy line

      >2

      2.117

      0.641

      6.992

      0.219

      N# Metastasis sites

      ≥2

      1.242

      0.727

      2.121

      0.428

      Performance status

      ≥2

      2.141

      1.059

      4.332

      0.034

      Albumin

      >35 g/dL

      0.867

      0.507

      1.48

      0.6

      LIPI

      Intermediate

      Poor

      1.697

      4.178

      0.917

      1.956

      3.142

      8.925

      0.001

      PDL1 IHC

      ≥1%

      0.713

      0.406

      1.252

      0.239

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Baseline LIPI is associated with ICI outcomes in advanced NSCLC, regardless the PDL1 expression. LIPI should be evaluated in prospective clinical trials.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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      P1.01-70 - Efficacy and Safety of Second- or Third-Line Nab-Paclitaxel + Durvalumab in Patients with Advanced NSCLC (ABOUND.2L+) (ID 13042)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Santiago Ponce Aix

      • Abstract

      Background

      Cytotoxic chemotherapy may enhance the effect of immune checkpoint blockers (ICBs) through interaction with the immune system (immunostimulation) and cancer cells (increased antigenicity). The phase II ABOUND.2L+ trial investigated second-/third-line nab-paclitaxel monotherapy, nab-paclitaxel + CC-486, or nab-paclitaxel + durvalumab in patients with previously treated advanced-stage NSCLC. This report presents an updated analysis of the efficacy and safety from the nab-paclitaxel + durvalumab treatment arm.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Patients ≥ 18 years with advanced NSCLC and no more than 1 prior line of platinum-containing chemotherapy (ICBs in prior line, first/second, allowed) were included. Patients were treated with nab-paclitaxel on days 1 and 8 + durvalumab 1125 mg on day 15 of a 21-day cycle until unacceptable toxicity or progressive disease as per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1 or immune-related RECIST v1.1. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Key secondary endpoints included overall response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), overall survival (OS), and safety.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      A total of 79 patients were assigned to nab-paclitaxel + durvalumab. The median age of patients in that arm was 63.0 years; 68.4% were male, 97.5% were white, 77.2% had ECOG performance status 1, and 69.6% had nonsquamous histology; 8 patients received prior ICBs. Median and 1-year PFS were 4.5 months (95% CI: 3.45-5.88) and 25.7% (95% CI 16.3-36.2); median PFS in those with and without prior ICB treatment was NE (95% CI 1.38-NE) and 4.4 months (95% CI 2.96-5.68) and in those with squamous and nonsquamous histology was 6.0 months (95% CI 2.99-7.75) and 4.2 months (95% CI 2.86-5.75). The ORR was 27.8%, and DCR was 70.9%. Median OS was 10.1 months (95% CI: 7.75-NE). Median percentage of per protocol dose was 87.5% for nab-paclitaxel and 82.9% for durvalumab. All patients had at least 1 treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE), and 67.9% had at least 1 grade 3 or 4 TEAE. Common TEAEs of special interest (all grades) included peripheral neuropathy (grouped term; 37.2%), diarrhea (34.6%), anemia (30.8%), dyspnea (25.6%), nausea (24.4%), cough (24.4%), pyrexia (19.2%), and neutropenia (17.9%). TEAEs leading to dose interruption/reduction (nab-paclitaxel and/or durvalumab) were reported in 73.1% of patients, and those leading to discontinuation in 11.5%.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      nab-Paclitaxel + durvalumab demonstrated promising antitumor activity and manageable toxicity in second- or third-line treatment of patients with advanced NSCLC. NCT02250326.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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      P1.01-83 - IMpower150: Impact of Chemotherapy Cycles in 1L Metastatic NSCLC in Patients Treated With Atezolizumab + Bevacizumab (ID 12180)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Santiago Ponce Aix

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      In the randomized Phase III IMpower150 study, atezolizumab (anti–programmed death-ligand 1 [PD-L1]) + bevacizumab + chemotherapy (Arm B) showed statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in both progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) over bevacizumab + chemotherapy (Arm C) in patients with first-line (1L) nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The study protocol allowed investigator choice of 4 or 6 chemotherapy cycles. The objective of this exploratory analysis was to assess the impact of chemotherapy cycles on safety and efficacy outcomes.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Patients were categorized based on actual chemotherapy cycles received in Arm B. Landmark analysis of PFS was performed to assess the benefit of 4 vs 6 chemotherapy cycles. Sensitivity analyses were performed to adjust the numerically imbalanced baseline factors.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      A total of 356 patients were randomized in Arm B; 188 patients (53%) were planned to receive 4 cycles, and 168 patients (47%) were planned to receive 6 cycles of chemotherapy. Within these 2 groups, 143 (76%) and 98 patients (58%) completed 4 and 6 chemotherapy cycles, respectively. The demographic and baseline disease characteristics were balanced, except for race (Asian vs other), smoking status, and PD-L1 status (TC3 or IC3 vs other). The landmark PFS analysis showed no difference between patients who completed 4 vs 6 cycles (HR 0.83 [95% CI: 0.59, 1.17). The sensitivity analyses, which adjusted for race, smoking status, or PD-L1, showed comparable results (adjusted HRs of 0.80, 0.85, or 0.91, respectively).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      In the atezolizumab + bevacizumab + chemotherapy arm, patients who received 4 cycles of chemotherapy appeared to have similar PFS benefit as those who received 6 cycles of chemotherapy. Detailed analyses of varying chemotherapy cycles, safety analyses, and impact on OS will be presented.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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      P1.01-93 - Quality of Life in Patients with Advanced NSCLC Treated in Second- or Third-Line with Nab-Paclitaxel + Durvalumab: ABOUND.2L+ (ID 12993)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Presenting Author(s): Santiago Ponce Aix

      • Abstract

      Background

      Quality of life (QoL) can be adversely affected in patients with advanced NSCLC, particularly those receiving second- or third-line treatment. In these patients, checkpoint inhibitors are a recommended treatment option. Through multiple mechanisms, including the release of tumor antigens via tumor cell lysis, chemotherapy can augment immunotherapeutic effects, which is the rationale for combining chemotherapy with immunotherapy agents. The phase II ABOUND.2L+ trial investigated second- or third-line nab-paclitaxel either alone or in combination with CC-486 or durvalumab in patients with advanced NSCLC. The objective of this analysis is to report QoL outcomes in patients treated with nab-paclitaxel + durvalumab from the ABOUND.2L+ trial.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Enrolled patients were ≥ 18 years with advanced NSCLC and no more than 1 prior line of platinum-containing chemotherapy. Immunotherapy in a prior line, first or second, was allowed. Patients were treated with nab-paclitaxel on days 1 and 8 + durvalumab 1125 mg on day 15 of a 21-day cycle. Treatment continued until unacceptable toxicity or disease progression per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1 or immune-related RECIST v1.1. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival. QoL was a prespecified exploratory endpoint assessed using the Lung Cancer Symptom Scale (LCSS), EuroQol 5D-5L, and EORTC QLQ-C30 on day 1 of each cycle, and was examined through 6 cycles of treatment for this analysis.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      A total of 79 patients were assigned to the nab-paclitaxel + durvalumab arm. The median age was 63.0 years. Most patients were white (97.5%), male (68.4%), and had ECOG PS of 1 (77.2%). For the entire study, baseline and ≥ 1 postbaseline QoL assessments were completed by 58 (73.4%) patients. 41 patients completed 6 cycles of treatment with nab-paclitaxel + durvalumab. After cycle 6, the mean change from baseline in LCSS total score and pulmonary symptom score was 0.1 and −0.2, respectively. LCSS hemoptysis score improved relative to baseline at every treatment cycle; mean change from baseline after 6 cycles was 0.8. Mean change from baseline in the EuroQol 5D-5L visual analog scale score and EORTC QLQ-C30 global health status/QoL scale score after 6 cycles of treatment was 2.5 and −1.19, respectively.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      In general, patients with advanced NSCLC treated with second- or third-line nab-paclitaxel + durvalumab maintained their QoL through 6 cycles of treatment. NCT02250326.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P2.04 - Immunooncology (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 953)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P2.04-27 - Ph II Study of Oral Selective AXL Inhibitor Bemcentinib (BGB324) in Combination with Pembrolizumab in Patients with Advanced NSCLC (ID 14307)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Santiago Ponce Aix

      • Abstract

      Background

      Bemcentinib (BGB324) is a first-in-class, highly selective oral inhibitor of the AXL tyrosine kinase currently in phase II clinical development across several cancer types. AXL overexpression has been observed in pts failing anti-PD-1 therapy in several cancers whereas AXL inhibition via bemcentinib has shown synergistic effect with checkpoint blockade in pre-clinical models of NSCLC.

      In pts with advanced, pre-treated NSCLC, bemcentinib monotherapy led to disease stabilisation in 2 out of 8 pts including evidence of tumour reduction. Combination therapy of bemcentinib with EGFR inhibition indicated the potential of AXL blockade to reverse resistance to targeted therapy in advanced EGFR therapy resistant NSCLC. Evidence of immune activation following bemcentinib monotherapy was observed in AML patients.

      This open label, single-arm, two-stage Phase 2 study was designed to test whether AXL inhibition may increase the efficacy of pembrolizumab in patients with advanced, previously treated adenocarcinoma of the lung.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Patients with documented Stage IV adenocarcinoma of the lung who had progressed on previous platinum chemotherapy and – if applicable – at least one line of licensed EGFR or ALK targeted therapy, received 200 mg/d bemcentinib po and 200 mg/q3wk pembrolizumab iv. Patients were required to consent to a fresh pre-treatment biopsy. Tumour assessments were done 9-weekly. The primary endpoint was ORR. Tumour biopsies were analysed for PD-L1 and AXL as well as immune cell populations. Plasma protein biomarker levels were measured using the DiscoveryMap v3.3 panel (Myriad RBM) in patients pre-dose and at C2D1.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      As of time of writing, the study had fully recruited its first stage. Of 24 patients enrolled, 14 were ongoing. 6 of 10 patients who had reached their first scan showed evidence of tumour shrinkage including 3 pts with partial responses in their target lesions. 2 patients had stable disease. There were no grade 4 treatment-related events. Dose reduction from 200 to 100 mg/d of bemcentinib as a consequence of adverse events was required in 12% of patients. Correlation of AXL and PD-L1 expression with response was evaluated. Soluble AXL plasma levels were increased following one cycle of treatment indicative of target engagement.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      A preliminary analysis of response to combination treatment during the first stage of this study as well as biomarker correlation will be presented at the meeting. Clinical trial information: NCT03184571

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P3.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 967)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 12:00 - 13:30, Exhibit Hall
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      P3.01-88 - Clinical and Molecular Analysis of Long-Term Survivors with Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Multicenter Experience in Madrid (ID 12571)

      12:00 - 13:30  |  Author(s): Santiago Ponce Aix

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Long survivors (LS) in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), defined as an overall survival (OS) greater than 2 years, are less than 10% in most series. Classical prognosis factors include stage, weight loss and ECOG, but there are other factors whose influence on the evolution of these patients is uncertain. Recently, different drugs targeted against EGFR, ALK and ROS 1 reach OS longer than 2 years in a limited number of patients (less than 20%). Immunotherapy in NSCLC has demonstrated very promising results with more LS compared to chemotherapy in first and second line setting. In this study, we have focused in the analysis of LS patients with advanced NSCLC EGFR wt (wild type) and ALK nt (non-translocated), defined as those with OS greater than 36 months, in 8 hospitals in Madrid.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      In this serie, first of all, we will try to make a clinical, histopathological and immunological characterization collecting data from clinical reports according to a previously defined information. In a second step, we will carry out a genetic analysis of these patient samples comparing to an opposite extreme short survivors (SS) samples (OS less than 9 months) from same centers. We used a NGS method of RNA-seq technology with the idea of identify differentiating profiles of gene expression between the two opposite populations with a later confirmation by RT-PCR in the rest of the tissue samples and liquid biopsy.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      We have obtained a differential transcriptome expression between samples from 6 LS and 6 SS, resulting 13 overexpressed and 42 under-expressed genes in LS comparing to SS transcriptome expression. Some of the genes involved in this profile belong to different families and cellular pathways: Secretin receptor, Surfactant Protein, Trefoil Factor 1, Serpin Family, Ca bindings protein channel and Toll like Receptor family. A further confirmation of this profile is carrying on by RT-PCR in the rest of the samples and liquid biopsy from the rest of the patients included in the study.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      We present the first data from a genetic analysis of a LS population with NSCLC EGFR wt (wild type) and ALK nt (non-translocated), obtaining a differential RNA profile

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P3.12 - Small Cell Lung Cancer/NET (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 978)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 12:00 - 13:30, Exhibit Hall
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      P3.12-11 - Association of the Lung Immune Prognostic Index (LIPI) with Outcomes for Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Diffuse SCLC Patients (ID 14200)

      12:00 - 13:30  |  Author(s): Santiago Ponce Aix

      • Abstract

      Background

      Pretreatment LIPI (Lung Immune Prognostic Index), based on derived NLR (neutrophils/[leucocytes-neutrophils] ratio) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) has been associated with outcomes for immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) in advanced NSCLC patients. We tested whether LIPI has the same role in diffuse small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Baseline dNLR and LDH and clinical data were retrospectively collected in SCLC patients, treated with ICI (PD1 inhibitor, PDL1 inhibitors +/- CTLA4 inhibitor) from April 2014 to Jan. 2018 (N=66) from 6 European centers. LIPI was calculated combining dNLR and LDH, stratifying 3 risk groups: good (dNLR<3+LDH<upper limit of normal (ULN), intermediate (dNLR>3 or LDH>ULN), poor (dNLR>3+LDH>ULN). The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), and secondary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS).

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Fifty-three patients (80%) were males, 58 (88%) smokers and all patients had PS ≤1, with median age 63 years (41-82). PDL1 was ≥ 1% by immunohistochemistry in 6 patients, and unknown in 60 patients. The median of prior lines was 1 (0-6). Platinum-based therapy was the prior line in 63 (95%) patients, with ORR of 88%. The median PFS and OS with ICI were 2.7 months (m) [95% CI 1.87-4.43] and 10.3 m [95% CI 5.8-12.6]. dNLR was greater than 3 in 16 (25%) and LDH> Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) in 33 (50%) patients. Based on both, LIPI stratified the population in 3 groups: 26 patients as good (40%), 29 (45%) as intermediate and 10 (15%) as poor LIPI risk groups. LIPI was an independent factor for OS (HR 2.77, 95% CI 1.07-7.14, P=0.03) and PFS (HR 3.13, 1.37-7.16, P=0.01). Median OS for good, intermediate, and poor risk groups were 11.4 m [95% CI 5.5-27.3], 11 m [95% CI 6.8-not-reached (NR)] and 2.3 m [95% CI 0.7-NR], respectively (P=0.004). Median PFS for good, intermediate, and poor risk groups were 3 m [95% CI 1.9-12.6], 2.8 m [95% CI 1.6-6.0 and 1.2 m [95% CI 0.47-NR], respectively (P=0.004).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Baseline LIPI poor risk group is associated with poor outcomes for ICI in diffuse SCLC patients. LIPI effect in a validation cohort is currently evaluated.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53