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Junji Kishimoto



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    P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.01-65 - PII of Pemetrexed or Pemetrexed Plus Bevacizumab for Previously Untreated Elderly (>=75) Non-Squamous NSCLC (LOGIK1201) (ID 11305)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Junji Kishimoto

      • Abstract

      Background

      Pemetrexed (P) provided equivalent or more efficacy to docetaxel with fewer side effects against NSqNSCLC and subset analysis revealed elderly patients receiving P had a longer time to progression and OS than those treated with docetaxel (JCO 22:1589, 2004). Bevacizumab (B), antibody binding with VEGF, is expected additional effect to chemotherapy for patients with NSqNSCLC. To evaluate the efficacy and safety, we conducted randomized phase II study of P and P/B for elderly patients with NSqNSCLC.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Eligibility criterias were: NSqNSCLC, no prior therapy, stage IIIB, IV, postoperative recurrence, age ≥75 years, PS 0-1, adequate bone marrow function. Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to P or P/B. Primary endpoint was PFS. Secondary were RR, OS, toxicity and cost-effect. Stratified log-rank test was used. Assuming PFS of median 3.3 (P) and 7.4 (P/B) months, significance level bilateral 20%, power ≥80%, estimated required number was 32 and target sample size was set 40.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Forty-one patients from 12 institutions were enrolled between 8/31/2012 and 6/30/2016 and 40 patients (P 20, P/B 20) were assessable. Patients’ characteristics were as follows: male/female = 23/17; median age (range) = 78 (75-83); stage IIIB/IV/postOp = 1/30/9; PS 0/1 = 11/29; all adenocarcinoma. The median PFSs (95%CI) were 5.4 (3.0-7.4) and 5.5 (3.6-9.9) months, respectively, and there is no significant difference (p=0.66). RR was significantly higher in P/B (15% vs. 55%, p=0.0146) and there was no significant difference in OS (median 16.0 vs. 16.4 months, p=0.58). G3/4 leukopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and fatigue (%) were 10, 20, 5, 25 and 30, 55, 5, 45, respectively. Costs were higher in P/B (median 1,522,008 vs. 3,368,428 JPY, p=0.01). No treatment-related deaths occurred.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      P showed similar PFS and OS with favorable toxicity and low cost compare with P/B in elderly (>=75) patients with NSqNSCLC.

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    P1.16 - Treatment of Early Stage/Localized Disease (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 948)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.16-21 - Phase I / II Study of Carboplatin, Nab-Paclitaxel, and Concurrent Radiotherapy for Patients with Locally Advanced NSCLC (ID 12112)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Junji Kishimoto

      • Abstract

      Background

      We performed an open-label, multicenter phase I/II study (UMIN ID 000012719) to prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of nab-paclitaxel plus carboplatin (nab-P/C) with concurrent thoracic radiotherapy in unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      In the phase I study (standard 3+3 design), escalating doses of weekly nab-paclitaxel were given along with weekly carboplatin area under the plasma concentration time curve (AUC) 2 and concurrent radiotherapy 60 Gy in 30 fractions, followed by 2 cycles of nab-paclitaxel (100 mg/m2 on Days 1, 8 and 15) plus carboplatin (AUC 6 on Day 1). In the phase II study, nab-P/C at recommend dose (RD) was administered.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      In the Phase I study, 11 patients were enrolled with 9 evaluable for dose limiting toxicity (DLT). At level 1 (nab-paclitaxel 40mg/m2), none of 3 patients experienced DLT. At level 2 (nab-paclitaxel 50mg/ m2), 1 of 6 patients experienced DLT: grade 3 leukopenia requiring a second consecutive skip in the administration of weekly nab-P/C. Level 2 was defined as the RD. A total of 56 patients including 6 patients who received at dose of RD, were evaluable for the efficacy and safety. Of the 56 patients for safety analysis, common toxicities in the concurrent phase included grade 3/4 leukopenia (60.7 %), neutropenia (26.8 %), anemia (7.1 %), anorexia (7.1 %), esophagitis (5.4 %) and febrile neutropenia (1.8 %). In one patient, grade 3 pneumonitis was observed. There were no treatment-related deaths. The objective response rate was 76.8 % (95% confidence interval (CI), 64.2 to 85.9 %). The median progression-free survival was 11.8 months (60% CI, 10.6 to 16.2 months, 95% CI, 8.2 to 20.8 months), and the median overall survival was not reached.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      This is the first study to demonstrate encouraging feasibility and activity for concurrent chemoradiation with nab-paclitaxel 50 mg/m2 and CBDCA AUC 2 in patients with locally advanced NSCLC.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P2.13 - Targeted Therapy (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 962)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P2.13-18 - A Multicenter Prospective Biomarker Study to Explore Mechanisms of Afatinib Resistance Based on Digita PCR and Next-Generation Sequencing (ID 12187)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Junji Kishimoto

      • Abstract

      Background

      Afatinib is an oral irreversible blocker of ErbB-family kinases and shows a pronounced anti-tumor efficacy for advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) positive for activating mutations of EGFR. We applied digital polymerase chain reaction (dPCR) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) to explore mechanisms of afatinib resistance.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Eligible patients had advanced lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR activating mutations. Tumor and plasma samples were collected before afatinib treatment and after treatment failure with disease progression (systemic progressive disease, SPD). DNA from the samples was analyzed by dPCR and NGS.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Thirty-five patients were enrolled, with a median follow-up time of 15.8 months. Among 25 patients with SPD, tumor, plasma, or both samples were available for 18, 23, and 16 individuals, respectively. dPCR and NGS detected EGFR T790M mutation in 13 (56.5%) and 11 (47.8%) of 23 plasma samples at SPD, with sensitivity and specificity compared with tumor samples being 83.3% and 70.0% (dPCR) and 50.0% and 70.0% (NGS), respectively. Applying the ratio of the number of T790M alleles to that of activating mutations (T/A) for determination of the T790M positivity improved the sensitivity and specificity of plasma analysis compared with tumor analysis to 83.3% and 100% (dPCR) and 57.1% and 100% (NGS), respectively. Among 25 patients with SPD, the T790M mutation of EGFR alone (n = 11), copy number gain (CNG) of NRAS (n = 1), CNG of MET (n = 1), CNG of EGFR plus T790M (n = 1), and CNG and E545K of PIK3CA plus T790M of EGFR (n = 1) were identified by NGS as putative resistance mechanisms against afatinib. No tumor showed transformation to small cell carcinoma. Median progression-free survival was longer in patients with than in those without T790M at SPD (15.1 versus 10.9 months, P =0.25). Median time to SPD was much longer in patients with than in those without T790M at SPD (17.9 versus 10.9 months, P =0.18).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Assessment of T/A ratio with dPCR or NGS improved specificity of plasma analysis for determination of T790M positivity compared with tumor analysis. dPCR and NGS analysis in tumor and plasma samples shed light on exploring mechanisms of afatinib resistance.

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