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Armando Santoro



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    P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.01-53 - Bone Metastases and Efficacy of Immunotherapy in Patients with Pretreated Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (ID 11980)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Armando Santoro

      • Abstract

      Background

      Approximately 40% of NSCLC patients develop bone metastases (BoM). Bone has active functions in regulating immune system. To date, no trial evaluated the role of BoM in modulating response to immunotherapy. Aim of the present study was to investigate whether presence of BoM impact on immunotherapy efficacy.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Two different cohorts of pretreated NSCLC patients (cohort A: Non-squamous; cohort B: Squamous) were evaluated for nivolumab efficacy in terms of objective response rate (ORR), progression free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) according to presence or absence of BoM. All patients received nivolumab at standard dose of 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks within the Italian Expanded Access Program.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Cohort A accounted for 1588 patients with non-squamous NSCLC: 626 (39%) with (BoM+) and 962 (61%) without BoM (BoM-). Cohort B accounted for 370 patients with squamous histology: 102 BoM+ (32%) and 251 BoM- (68%). In Cohort A, BoM+ had a significantly lower ORR (12% versus 34%; p < 0.0001), shorter PFS (2.0 versus 4.0 months, p < 0.0001) and shorter OS (7.4 versus 15.3 months, p <0.0001). In cohort B, BoM+ had significantly lower ORR (15% versus 22%; p < 0.04), shorter PFS (2.7 versus 5.4 months, p <0.0001) and shorter OS (5.0 versus 10.9 months, p <0.0001). Presence of BoM negatively affected outcome irrespective of PS (OS cohort A: PS-0 BoM+ 12.0 versus 20.9 months in PS-0 BoM-, p<0.0001; OS cohort B: PS-0 BoM+ 5.8 versus 16.4 months in PS-0 BoM-, p<0.0001). Multivariate analysis confirmed that presence of BoM independently associated with higher risk of death with HR 1.64 and HR 1.78, for Cohort A and B, respectively.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Our results, the first assessing BoM in patients treated with immunotherapy, suggested that BoM predict lower efficacy of immunotherapy. BoM should be included as stratification factor in clinical trials.

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