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Masamichi Mineshita

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    P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.01-34 - Docetaxel Plus Ramucirumab with Prophylactic PEG-G-CSF Support for Chemo-NaïVe Elderly NSCLC Patients: A Phase II Study (WJOG9416L) (ID 12400)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Masamichi Mineshita

      • Abstract


      Docetaxel monotherapy is the standard of care for chemo-naïve Japanese elderly patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to our results of phase III trial comparing docetaxel and vinorelbine monotherapies (WJTOG9904). In a pivotal phase III study (REVEL), docetaxel plus ramucirumab demonstrated superior response rate (RR) and progression-free survival (PFS) over docetaxel monotherapy in second-line setting for advanced NSCLC. These differences in RR and PFS were translated into overall survival (OS) benefit. This evidence prompted us to investigate docetaxel plus ramucirumab for chemo-naïve elderly patients. However, in a similarly designed Japanese randomized phase II trial (JVCG trial), febrile neutropenia (FN) was observed in 34.2% of docetaxel plus ramucirumab arm. This high incidence of FN is a clinical concern when using docetaxel plus ramucirumab for elderly patients. The ASCO practice guideline recommends primary prophylactic granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) when the risk of FN is 20% or higher. PEGylated-G-CSF (pegfilgrastim) administered once a cycle demonstrated reduction of FN incidence in many types of cancers. Based on the above background, we considered that primary prophylactic PEG-G-CSF would be beneficial for elderly NSCLC patients who received docetaxel plus ramucirumab.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      This is a prospective multicenter, single-arm, phase II study conducted by West Japan Oncology Group (WJOG). Main inclusion criteria includes: chemo-naïve; aged ≥75; histologically or cytologically confirmed NSCLC; ECOG PS 0/1; adequate organ functions; with measurable disease; without contraindication of ramucirumab; written informed consent; and estimated life expectancy of at least 3 months. Intravenous docetaxel (60 mg/m2, day 1) plus ramucirumab (10 mg/kg, day 1) with subcutaneous PEG-G-CSF (3.6 mg, day 2) every 3 weeks is administered until progression. Continuous docetaxel or ramucirumab monotherapy is permitted when intolerable toxicities occur but clinical benefit is obtained by each drug. The primary endpoint is objective response rate (ORR). Secondary endpoints are PFS, OS, disease control rate, and safety. We assumed that the threshold and expected ORR were 20% and 35%, respectively. Based on this, the number of patients was calculated to be 59 to provide a power of 80% with probability of one-sided type I error being 0.05. Taking ineligible patients into account, the sample size was set at 65. When the study results are promising, we plan to conduct a phase III trial to compare docetaxel plus ramucirumab with PEG-G-CSF support vs. docetaxel monotherapy for chemo-naïve elderly NSCLC patients. Clinical trial information: UMIN000030598.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Section not applicable

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Section not applicable