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P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)
- Event: WCLC 2018
- Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
P1.01-07 - Immune-Related Pneumonitis in NSCLC Patients Treated with Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors (ICI): Impact of Previous Thoracic Radiotherapy (ID 12805)
16:45 - 18:00 | Author(s): Deutsch Eric
Pneumonitis is a potentially lethal side effect of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI), occurring in 1–5% of patients enrolled in clinical trials. Little is known about the interactions between ICI and previous thoracic radiation. This is the aim of the present study.a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method
Between December 2012 and November 2017, 318 consecutive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients received ICI in our Institution and their charts were retrospectively analyzed. Primary endpoint was to determine whether previous radiotherapy had an effect on pulmonary toxicity. Pulmonary toxicity was retrospectively assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0.4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result
Median follow-up was 32.8 months [95%CI: 5-190]. Median age at the start of ICI was 63 years. 205 patients (64,5%) were males, 103 (32,4%) smokers and 250 (78,6%) with PS ≤1; 206 (64,8%) had adenocarcinoma and 76 (23,9%) squamous; 79 (24,8%) were KRAS mutated, 18 (5,5%) EGFR mutated and 5 (1,6%) ALK positive. PDL1 was ≥ 1% by immunohistochemistry in 86 (27%), negative in 37 (11,6%) and unknown in 196 (61,3%) patients. ICI treatment was median 3rd line (range: 1-12), 89,4% monotherapy PD-(L)1 inhibition.
72 patients (22,6%) received a thoracic RT: 62 out of the 72 RT patients (87,5%) were irradiated with a curative intent. 53 patients (73,6% of the RT patients) received thoracic 3D-conformal RT or intensity modulated RT (normo- or mildly hypofractionated), whereas 9 received SBRT.
16,7% of the RT patients (12/72) showed a G1-4 immune-related pneumonitis (with a G=>3 of 11,1%), whereas for never-irradiated patients the G1-3 rate of immune-related pneumonitis was 2,4% (6/246), with only 1 G3 toxicity observed and no G>4 (t-test, p 0,001).
Median interval between the onset of the immune-related pneumonitis and the end of the RT was 22,4 months.
NSCLC patients treated with ICI may be at higher risk of developing immune-related pneumonitis when previously treated with curative-intent thoracic RT.6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53