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Bo H Chao

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    MA26 - New Therapies and Emerging Data in ALK, EGFR and ROS1 (ID 930)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Targeted Therapy
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 201 BD
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      MA26.10 - CNS Activity of Ramucirumab in Combination with Osimertinib in Patients with Advanced T790M-Positive EGFR-Mutant NSCLC (ID 12295)

      14:35 - 14:40  |  Author(s): Bo H Chao

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides


      Many patients with NSCLC develop central nervous system (CNS) metastasis. Osimertinib, a novel third-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), has previously demonstrated CNS and systemic efficacy in patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC. Combination of an EGFR TKI with a VEGF/VEGFR2-directed monoclonal antibodies (mAb) have shown promising results in EGFR-mutant NSCLC. Ramucirumab, human IgG1 VEGFR2 mAb, was used in combination with osimertinib. Planned exploratory and CNS response analyses aim to examine the safety/efficacy of ramucirumab+osimertinib in patients with CNS metastasis.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      In this ongoing, open-label, multicenter Phase 1 study (NCT02789345), patients with T790M-positive EGFR-mutant (Ex19del or L858R) NSCLC who had relapsed after first-line EGFR TKI therapy were enrolled. Patients with asymptomatic and stable CNS metastasis (with/without prior radiotherapy) were eligible. Primary objective of the study was to assess safety and tolerability of ramucirumab+osimertinib. Secondary endpoints include objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR). Exploratory endpoints relevant to CNS include CNS ORR and CNS DCR.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Patients (N=25) were 45-80 years (median 64) with ECOG-PS 0 (n=3) or 1 (n=22) and 10 patients had CNS metastasis at enrollment while 15 never had CNS metastasis. Patients with CNS metastasis could have had prior radiotherapy (n=7) or no radiotherapy (n=3) to the CNS. Median follow-up time was 7.23 months. Fifteen patients remained on study treatment (five with CNS metastasis, ten without). TEAEs of interest (CNS metastasis, no CNS metastasis), such as headache (4/10, 5/15), vomiting (3/10, 4/15), and nausea (2/10, 4/15), were observed with comparable rates in patients with or without CNS metastasis. One patient developed TEAE of cerebral hemorrhage (Grade 1), related to CNS metastasis, but unrelated to study treatment, according to the investigator. Another patient with CNS metastasis developed Grade 5 TRAE of subdural hemorrhage, unrelated to CNS metastasis, ~7 weeks after the last dose of ramucirumab. Only one patient with CNS metastasis had measurable CNS lesions (tumor shrinkage of 24% [SD] as best response). The other nine patients with CNS metastasis had non-measurable CNS lesions, one of whom had a CNS complete response; his systemic best response was SD. The rest of patients had CNS non-CR/non-PD. To date, one patient (1/25) developed CNS progression (due to new CNS lesion); her CNS best response was SD.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Ramucirumab+osimertinib showed potential antitumor activity in the CNS. Patients with CNS metastasis, with/without prior radiotherapy, appeared to tolerate this combination similarly to patients without CNS metastasis.


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