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MA26 - New Therapies and Emerging Data in ALK, EGFR and ROS1 (ID 930)
- Event: WCLC 2018
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Targeted Therapy
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 201 BD
MA26.09 - Lazertinib, a Third Generation EGFR-TKI, in Patients with EGFR-TKI-Resistant NSCLC: Updated Results of a Phase I/II Study (ID 12817)
14:30 - 14:35 | Author(s): Ji-Youn Han
Lazertinib (YH25448) is a highly mutant-selective, irreversible 3rd-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) that can penetrate the blood-brain barrier, and targets the activating EGFR mutations Del19 and L858R, as well as the T790M mutation, while sparing wild type. We report the updated results from a Phase I/II study of lazertinib (NCT03046992)a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method
Patients with advanced and metastatic NSCLC who had progressed after treatment with EGFR-TKIs with/without asymptomatic brain metastases (BM) were enrolled in an open-label, multicenter, phase I/II study with dose-escalation and expansion cohorts. Lazertinib was administered once daily at doses between 20 to 320 mg in a 21-day cycle. Patients were assessed for safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and efficacy. T790M status was confirmed in the dose-expansion cohorts.4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result
A total of 115 patients (median age 62 years, female 62%) were enrolled. The dose-escalation cohort included 38 patients administered with 20 to 320 mg across 7 dose levels, and 77 patients in the dose-expansion cohort were administered with 40 to 240 mg across 5 dose levels. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed in the dose-escalation cohort. Systemic exposure increased dose-dependently. Of the evaluable patients (n=110) at data cut-off, the objective response rate (ORR) was 65% (95% confidence interval [CI], 54.9 to 73.4). The ORR for 93 of the T790M+ patients was 69% (95% CI, 58.4 to 78.0). In patients with BM (n=12), the intracranial ORR was 50% (95% CI, 21.1 to 78.9). The most common treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were pruritus (19%), decreased appetite (17%), rash (14%), and constipation (12%). The most frequently reported TEAEs of grade ≥ 3 were hyponatraemia (2%), nausea (2%) and pneumonia (2%).
ORR in T790M+ patients Dose QD 20 mg 40 mg 80 mg 120 mg 160 mg 240 mg Evaluable patients*, n 2 25 18 22 18 8 ORR, n (%) 2 (100) 17 (68) 11 (61) 17 (77) 11 (61) 6 (75) * Patients were deemed evaluable for response if they underwent a post-baseline radiological assessment (RECIST 1.1) or were discontinued prior to the post-baseline assessment.
Lazertinib was safe, well-tolerated and exhibited promising systemic and intracranial antitumor activity in EGFR T790M+ NSCLC patients. The dose-expansion cohort as the first and second-line setting has been initiated from April 2018.6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53
PL02 - Presidential Symposium - Top 5 Abstracts (ID 850)
- Event: WCLC 2018
- Type: Plenary Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 08:15 - 09:45, Plenary Hall
PL02.03 - Brigatinib vs Crizotinib in Patients With ALK Inhibitor-Naive Advanced ALK+ NSCLC: First Report of a Phase 3 Trial (ALTA-1L) (ID 11155)
08:30 - 08:40 | Author(s): Ji-Youn Han
Brigatinib has robust efficacy in crizotinib-resistant ALK+ NSCLC, exhibiting median progression-free survival (mPFS) of 16.7 months. We report results of the first interim analysis from the ALTA-1L study of brigatinib vs crizotinib in ALK TKI-naive, ALK+ NSCLC (NCT02737501).
This open-label, multicenter study enrolled patients with stage IIIB/IV ALK+ NSCLC based on local ALK testing (FDA approved/other). Eligible patients had ECOG PS 0–2, ≤1 prior systemic therapy for locally advanced/metastatic NSCLC, and no prior ALK inhibitor. Asymptomatic CNS metastases were allowed. All patients had systematic CNS imaging. Patients were randomized 1:1 to brigatinib 180 mg QD with 7-day lead-in at 90 mg or crizotinib 250 mg BID. Primary endpoint: blinded independent review committee (BIRC)-assessed PFS (RECIST v1.1). Secondary efficacy endpoints included BIRC-assessed objective response rate (ORR), intracranial ORR (iORR), and intracranial PFS (iPFS). Interim analyses were planned at 50% and 75% of planned PFS events (n=198).
275 patients were randomized (brigatinib/crizotinib, n=137/138); median age (years) 58/60. 26%/27% received prior chemotherapy for advanced disease, and 29%/30% had baseline brain metastases. At data cut-off (19 February 2018), median follow-up brigatinib/crizotinib: 11.0/9.25 months; with 99 PFS events, brigatinib met the prespecified threshold for statistical superiority vs crizotinib in the primary endpoint, BIRC-assessed PFS (HR 0.49, 95% CI 0.33–0.74, log-rank P=0.0007); brigatinib mPFS was not reached (95% CI NR–NR) vs crizotinib 9.8 months (95% CI 9.0–12.9). Investigator-assessed PFS HR 0.45 (95% CI 0.30–0.68), log-rank P=0.0001. Table shows additional efficacy data. Most common treatment-emergent AEs grade ≥3: brigatinib: increased CPK (16.2%), increased lipase (13.2%), hypertension (9.6%); crizotinib: increased ALT (9.5%), AST (5.8%), and lipase (5.1%). Any grade ILD/pneumonitis: brigatinib, 3.7%; crizotinib, 2.2%. Discontinuations due to AE (brigatinib/crizotinib): 11.8%/8.8%.
Brigatinib showed a statistically and clinically significant improvement in PFS compared with crizotinib in ALK inhibitor–naive ALK+ NSCLC.
BIRC-Assessed Endpoint, %
P-Value All patients ORRa 76 (68–83b) 73 (65–80b) Confirmed ORR 71 (62–78b) 60 (51–68b) 0.0678 With any intracranial CNS metastases (n=43) (n=47) iORRa 79 (64–90b) 23 (12–38b) Confirmed iORR 67 (51–81b) 17 (8–31b) <0.0001 Median iPFS, months NR (11–NRb) 6 (4–9b) 1-year iPFS 67 (47–80b) 21 (6–42b) HR 0.27 (0.13–0.54) <0.0001c With measurable intracranial CNS metastases (n=18) (n=21) iORRa 83 (59–96b) 33 (15–57b) Confirmed iORR 78 (52–94b) 29 (11–52b) 0.0028 aResponse, ≥1 assessment; b95% CI; cLog-rank.