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Xiaoxia Chen



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    MA26 - New Therapies and Emerging Data in ALK, EGFR and ROS1 (ID 930)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Targeted Therapy
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 201 BD
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      MA26.05 - Comprehensive Analysis of Treatment Response and Progression Pattern in Chinese Patients with Different ALK Fusion-Variants (ID 13883)

      14:00 - 14:05  |  Author(s): Xiaoxia Chen

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      ALK inhibitors and chemotherapy are two major strategies in the treatment of patients with ALK-rearrangements in China. However, the respective treatment response varies and heterogeneous. This study aimed to comprehensively analyze the impact of ALK variants on different treatment response and explore progression pattern respectively.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of 135 patients with determined ALK variants and medical record from January 2013 to July 2017 in Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      figure 1.jpgThe most frequent ALK variant was variant 1 in 62 patients (46%), followed by variant 3a/b in 52 patients (38%) and variant 2 (12%). 69 (51.1%) of patients received chemotherapy, whereas 64 (47.4%) were treated with crizotinib and 2 (1.5%) with alectinib.The similar PFS was observed in patients ALK variant 1 and non-variant 1 regardless of first-line treatment strategy (crizotinib: 15.7 vs. 12.8 months, p=0.53; chemotherapy: 5.7 vs. 8.1 months, p=0.098). However, in the subgroup analysis, patients with ALK variant 1 and baseline brain metastasis had significantly shorter PFS in the first-line setting versus non-variant 1 (4.9 vs. 11.3 months, HR=2.96, p<0.01). Additionally, ORR was 21.6% and 50% in variant 1 and non-variant 1 patients with brain metastases, respectively. Moreover, in the analysis of progression pattern, 55 patients with ALK variant 1 and 57 patients with ALK non-variant 1 exhibited PD. As to ALK variant 1, the incidence of CNS relapse in patients treated with crizotinib was significantly higher than patients treated with chemotherapy (39.3% vs. 7.4%, p=0.005). In terms of ALK non-variant 1,the patients treated with chemotherapy had higher incidence of bone progression than patients treated with crizotinib (25% vs. 0%, p=0.021).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Our results firstly indicate the treatment-naïve patients with ALK variant 1 and baseline brain metastasis have inferior response to initial cancer treatment. Different ALK variants have distinct landscape of progression pattern when treated with crizotinib or chemotherapy.

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    P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.01-111 - EGFR exon20 Insertion Patients Treated with First-Line Chemotherapy in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 14323)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Xiaoxia Chen

      • Abstract

      Background

      Epidermal growth factor receptor exon20 insertion(EGFR 20-ins) is a low frequency mutation among EGFR mutations, and chemotherapy is a major choice for these patients. The outcomes between different types of EGFR 20-ins and with EGFR sensitive mutation and wild type are not well studied.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      From Oct 2011 to Feb 2018, EGFR 20-ins was detected using ARMS method. The mutation positive samples were subsequently confirmed by DNA sequencing. Clinicopathological features and outcomes between different kind of EGFR 20-ins patients as well as EGFR 20-ins patients with EGFR sensitive mutation and wild type patients were analyzed.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Eighty-four 20-ins patients were detected in this study. Eight were not enough for DNA sequencing, 11 were wild type and 65 were mutation positive. The three major subtypes were: 28 c.2308_2309insCCAGCGTGG, 9 c.2311_2312insGCGTGGACA and 10 c.2319_2320insAACCCCCAC. Of the 45 patients who could access treatment effect in first-line chemotherapy, objective response rate(ORR) was 28.9%(13/45), disease control rate(DCR) was 86.7%(39/45) and median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 5.7 month. There were no significant differences in sex, age, smoking status, pathological types, ORR, DCR and PFS between c.2308_2309insCCAGCGTGG mutation and other 20-ins mutations. We compared the PFS of EGFR sensitive mutation, wild type and 20-ins patients, and found no significant difference(p=0.324).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      EGFR 20-ins is a distinct EGFR mutation. The clinicopathological features and clinical outcome were not significantly different between different EGFR 20-ins subtypes, as well as between EGFR 20-ins, EGFR sensitive mutation and wild type patients. Target drugs for this kind of patients are needed.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P3.04 - Immunooncology (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 970)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 12:00 - 13:30, Exhibit Hall
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      P3.04-21 - Antibiotics Attenuate the Clinical Benefit of Anti-PD-(L)1 Immunotherapies in Chinese Patients with Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 13555)

      12:00 - 13:30  |  Author(s): Xiaoxia Chen

      • Abstract

      Background

      Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) targeting PD-(L)1 have shifted the treatment paradigm of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but responses are often heterogeneous and temporary. Several landmark publications have confirmed the dominant role of gut microbiome in modulating tumor responses to ICIs, suggesting the predictive value of antibiotics (ATB) in patients treated with anti-PD-(L)1 antibody. However, more evidence is needed to comprehensively reveal the association between ATB usage and ICIs therapeutic response in NSCLC, especially in Chinese populations.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with advanced/metastatic NSCLC received anti-PD-(L)1 based therapies at our hospital. Detailed clinicopathologic characteristics, response data and ATB usage were collected for all patients. The patients receiving ATB within one month around the first administration of ICIs (defined as ATB-treated) were compared to those without (ATB-untreated).

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      109 cases receiving anti-PD-(L)1 based therapies and underwent response evaluation were identified. 65 (59.3%) of them received monotherapy and 44 received combination therapies including anti-PD-(L)1 plus anti-angiogenesis/chemotherapy. 35 (32.1%) patients had been prescribed ATB 60 days before or during the course of ICIs treatment, and 20 (18.3%) were categorized as ATB-treated group. The most commonly administered ATB were β-lactam inhibitors, fluoroquinolones and macrolides. No major statistical differences in baseline clinicopathologic features were observed between ATB-treated and -untreated groups. The objective response rates (ORR) to ICIs in two groups were 65% and 82%, respectively. ATB treatment was significantly associated with shorter progression-free survival (PFS) (median 3.73 vs 9.3 m, p<0.001), and also tended to be associated with primary disease progression (35% vs 18%, p=0.087). The overall survival (OS) (median 31.9 vs 37.6 m, p=0.74) was similar in two groups, but ATB appeared to be related to decreased duration of survival from ICI treatment start to death (median 6.07 vs 26.9 m, p=0.002). In multivariable analysis, ATB treatment was markedly associated with poorer ORR and survival to ICIs after adjusting for prior line treatment setting, ICI regimens, numbers of ICI-related toxicity and clinical characteristics.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      ATB usage was a predictor for decreased clinical benefit from anti-PD-(L)1immunotherapies in Chinese NSCLC patients. More comprehensive understanding of the interaction between gut microbiome and ATB is still in urgent need. Furthermore, modulating ATB-related gut microbiome dysbiosis may enhance response to anti-PD-(L)1 immunotherapies.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53