Start Your Search
MA25 - Oligometastasis: Defining, Treating, and Evaluating (ID 929)
- Event: WCLC 2018
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Oligometastatic NSCLC
- Presentations: 3
- Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 203 BD
MA25.01 - EORTC Lung Cancer Group Survey to Define Synchronous Oligometastatic Disease in NSCLC (ID 13770)
13:30 - 13:35 | Author(s): Antonin Levy
Synchronous oligometastasic disease (sOMD) has been described as a separate disease entity; however there is no consensus on what specific criteria constitutes sOMD in NSCLC. A consensus group (CG) was formed aiming to agree on a common sOMD definition (sOMD-d) that could be used in future clinical trials. A European survey was circulated to inform the discussion on sOMD-d.a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method
An EORTC Lung Cancer Group (LCG) / sOMD-d CG survey containing 31 questions on sOMD-d was distributed between 14/12/17 and 19/02/18 to EORTC LCG, sOMD-d CG, and several European thoracic oncology societies’ members.4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result
444 responses were analyzed (radiation oncologist: 55% [n=242], pulmonologist: 15% [n=66], medical oncologist: 14% [n=64]; 78% with >5 years’ experience in treating NSCLC). Belgium (14%, n=62), Italy (12%, n=55), Germany (11%, n=47), and Netherlands (10%, n=44) contributed most. 81% (n=361) physicians aimed to cure sOMD NSCLC patients and 82% (n=361) included the possibility to treat the patient with radical intent in their sOMD-d. The maximum number of metastases considered in sOMD-d varied: 19%, 42%, 4%, and 17% replied <2, 3, 4, and >5 metastases, respectively. 79% (n=353) stated that the number of organs involved was important for sOMD-d, and most (80%, n=355) considered that only <3 involved organs (excluding primary) should be included in the definition. 317 (71.7%) allowed mediastinal lymph node involvement (MLN) in the sOMD-d, and 22.1% of them counted MLN as a metastatic site. For 195/327 (60%), when N2/N3 disease is included in the sOMD-d, there is no specific issue regarding the MLN volume/location as long as radical treatment is possible. 384 (86%) considered pulmonary metastasis (outside primary tumor: M1a) as metastatic site. Most physicians confirmed sOMD patients with brain MRI (91%, n=403) and PET-CT (98%, n=437). For mediastinum staging, most (64%, n=285) respondents stated that histology/cytology should be obtained when PET-CT shows suspected lymph nodes or in case of a central primary tumor. Pathology proof of metastatic disease was necessary in sOMD for 315 (71%) physicians, and 37% (n=163) acknowledged that histology should be obtained from at least from one metastatic site. Preferred primary outcome parameter in clinical trials of sOMD was overall survival (73%, n=325).8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion
Although certain consensual answers were obtained (81% aimed to cure and >90% mandated baseline imaging with PET-CT and brain MRI), a number of issues remain unresolved and will require further discussion by a panel of experts to agree on a sOMD-d.6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53
MA25.02 - Searching for a Definition of Synchronous Oligometastatic (sOMD)-NSCLC: A Consensus from Thoracic Oncology Experts (ID 13452)
13:40 - 13:45 | Author(s): Antonin Levy
Recent prospective single centre studies reported improved outcomes in patients with sOMD-NSCLC who were treated with radical intent. Since then sOMD has been perceived as a separate disease entity. However, a clear definition of sOMD-NSCLC is lacking. We aimed to develop a definition and diagnostic criteria of sOMD-NSCLC following a consensus process.a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method
A European multidisciplinary consensus group was established with representatives from different scientific societies. Consensus questions were extracted from a survey, case series and a systematic review. The questions were discussed, and the statement formulated during a consensus meeting in Dublin (23.01.18).4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result
Summary of consensus statement
Definition of sOMD is relevant for patients in whom a radical treatment is technically feasible with acceptable toxicity, taking into account all sites, that may modify the course of the disease leading to a long-term disease control.
All sites must be technically and safely treatable.
The maximum number of metastases/organs meeting the criteria involved will depend on the possibility of offering a treatment strategy with radical intent, taking into account local control and toxicity. Based on the systematic review, a maximum of 5 metastases and 3 organs is proposed.
Diffuse serosal metastases and bone marrow involvement are excluded.
Mediastinal lymph node (MLN) involvement should be considered as locoregional disease in the definition of sOMD-NSCLC.
MLN involvement is of importance in determining if a radical local treatment of the primary tumour may be applied and the MLN will not be counted as a metastatic site.
Staging of sOMD-NSCLC
PET-CT and brain imaging are considered mandatory.
In case of a solitary liver metastasis a dedicated MRI of the liver and for a solitary pleural metastasis, thoracoscopy and biopsies of distant ipsilateral pleural sites are advised.
Staging of the mediastinum requires a minimum of a FDG-PET scan, with pathological confirmation preferred if this influences the treatment strategy.
Pathological proof is required unless the MDT decides that the risk outweighs the benefit. Pathology proof is advised for single metastatic location and if it may change the therapeutic strategy, confirmation of the MLN involvement is recommended.8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion
A multidisciplinary consensus statement on the definition and staging of sOMD-NSCLC was formulated taking into account results of a European survey, a systematic review and case discussion. This statement might be helpful to standardise inclusion criteria in future clinical trials. However, the definition of sOMD may change over time when more prospective data will become available.6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53
MA25.03 - Defining Oligometastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): An Evolving Multidisciplinary Expert Opinion (ID 12573)
13:35 - 13:40 | Author(s): Antonin Levy
Synchronous oligometastatic NSCLC definition varies between: 1 metastasis in 1 organ (TNM8), 1-3 metastases (ESMO), ≤3 metastases after systemic treatment with mediastinal nodes (MLN) counting as 1 site (Gomez, Lancet Oncol 2016) to 3-≥5 metastases in ongoing trials. A single definition is however needed to design and compare trials. To assess synchronous oligometastatic NSCLC definitions used by clinical experts in daily practice and its evolution, we redistributed a 2012-case based survey (Dooms et al, presented at WCLC 2013).a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method
In December 2017, 10 real-life multidisciplinary team (MDT) discussed patients (all good condition, no significant comorbidities, 18FFDG-PET and brain MRI staged, all < 5 metastases, 9/10 ≤ 3 metastases, oncogene-addicted or wildtype NSCLC) were distributed to 33 international NSCLC experts involved in the EORTC oligometastatic NSCLC consensus group, questioning: 1) can you discuss these cases in your MDT?, 2) do these patients have oligometastatic disease? and 3) what is your treatment proposal for the oligometastatic disease patients? Current answers were compared to the previous ones, and the real-life treatment and survival of the patients was added.4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result
26/33 experts (24 centers) replied: 8 medical oncologists, 7 pulmonologists, 7 radiation oncologists, 4 thoracic surgeons. 62% discussed the cases in their MDT. 1 case had 100% oligometastatic disease consensus, 3 cases had > 90% consensus, the number of treatment proposals varied between 3 to 8 (Table). Radical treatment was more often offered in case of a single metastasis or N0 status. Compared to 2012 there was a trend towards a more conservative oligometastatic definition and chemotherapy was more often included in the treatment proposal.
table 1 Case TNM8
yes answer %2012 / 2017
Number of tx
2012 / 2017
Real life radical
real life survival
EGFR+ T2aN3M1c (3 brain mets) 55 / 38 2 / 5 27 / 23 - 40.1 / - EGFR+ T4N0M1a (ground glass) 36 / 35 4 / 3 45 / 35 + 65.2 / + T2aN1M1b (solitary renal) 91 / 96 5 / 5 100 / 92 + 8.3 / - T1bN3M1b (solitary adrenal) 73 / 58 4 / 5 36 / 54 + 66.1 / + T2bN1M1c (adrenal + pelvic node) 55 / 50 2 / 5 36 / 46 - 18.6 / - T2aN0M1c (3 liver mets) 64 / 69 4/ 5 27 / 62 - 51.5 / - T2aN2M1b (solitary bone) 91 / 92 4 / 5 73 / 85 + 13.4 / - T3N1M1c (2 brain mets) 91 / 96 3 / 8 73 / 85 + 39.6 / - T2aN0M1c (1 lung, 1 pancreas) 82 / 69 5 / 4 64 / 50 + 74.0 / + T1bN0M1b (solitary bone) 100 / 100 3 / 5 82 / 92 + 11.6 / -
Synchronous oligometastatic NSCLC definition was more conservative than in 2012 and linked to radical intent of treatment. Number of organs, MLN status and possibility for radical treatment seem to be components of daily practice synchronous oligometastatic definition.6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53
OA13 - Therapeutics and Radiation for Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 927)
- Event: WCLC 2018
- Type: Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Small Cell Lung Cancer/NET
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 10:30 - 12:00, Room 203 BD
OA13.05 - Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation (PCI) for Limited-Stage Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Results from the Phase 3 CONVERT Trial (ID 13762)
11:15 - 11:25 | Author(s): Antonin Levy
PCI is considered standard of care in limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) patients. However the impact of the dose and fractionation of thoracic radiotherapy (RT) on the risk of developing brain metastasis (BM) has not been evaluated prospectively.a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method
CONVERT is an international, phase 3 trial that randomly assigned patients to receive twice-daily (BD 45Gy in 30 fractions) or once-daily (OD 66Gy in 33 fractions) RT starting on day 22 of chemotherapy (CT) cycle 1 (NCT00433563). PCI was offered, if indicated. Data on thoracic and brain RT delivery and timing, rate of BM and overall survival (OS) in patients treated with PCI was analysed. The association of the risk of developing BM/OS and predictor variables, using a competing risk regression model developed by Fine and Gray for BM or the standard Cox proportional hazards model for OS, was investigated.4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result
Of 547 patients recruited to the study, 449 (82%) received PCI after completion of CTRT. PCI was delivered to 220/273 participants (81%) in the BD group and 229/270 in the OD group (85%; p=0.49). Pre-CTRT brain imaging consisted of CT-scan in 356/449 patients (79%) and MRI in 83/449 (18%) patients. Total median PCI dose was 25 Gy in both BD and OD groups (p=0.74). PCI was delivered later after CT in the OD group compared to the BD group (median days post CT 37 vs. 35 days, respectively; p=0.04). In patients who received PCI, 75 (17%) developed BM (35 [8%] in OD and 40 [9%] in BD) and 173 (39%) other extracranial progression. In the univariate analysis, GTV was associated with an increased risk of BM (HR: 1.37 [95%CI 1.09-1.73]; p=0.007) or other radiological progression events (HR: 1.43 [95%CI 1.11-1.85]; p=0.006), whereas in a multivariate analysis both GTV and PS were associated with either progression type. The median OS of patients treated with PCI was 29 months (95%CI 25.8-35.7). Median OS was 28 months in BD (95%CI 22-35) and 31 months in OD (95%CI 27-52; p=0.1). In the univariate analysis of OS, PCI timing from end of CT, weight loss >10%, and thoracic GTV were prognostic factors associated with OS. In the multivariate analysis, only thoracic GTV was associated with OS. Delay between end of CT and PCI was not associated with OS (p=0.2).8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion
Patients receiving OD or BD thoracic RT have the same risk of developing BM. Larger tumours are associated with a higher risk of BM.6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53