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Waree Rinsurongkawong



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    MA19 - Genomic Markers of IO Response (ID 922)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Immunooncology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 15:15 - 16:45, Room 201 BD
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      MA19.10 - Impact of STK11/LKB1 Genomic Alterations on Clinical Outcomes with Chemo-Immunotherapy in Non-Squamous NSCLC (ID 14295)

      16:15 - 16:20  |  Author(s): Waree Rinsurongkawong

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Chemo-immunotherapy with pemetrexed/carboplatin/pembrolizumab represents a standard of care for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non-squamous NSCLC, irrespective of tumor cell PD-L1 expression. Genomic determinants of response to chemo-immunotherapy in NSCLC have not been reported thus far. We previously identified STK11/LKB1 alterations as a major genomic driver of de novo resistance to PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor monotherapy in NSCLC (Skoulidis et al., Cancer Discovery, 2018). Here, we examine the impact of STK11/LKB1 mutations on clinical outcomes with chemo-immunotherapy with pemetrexed/carboplatin/pembrolizumab.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Patients with metastatic non-squamous NSCLC that received at least 1 cycle of pemetrexed/carboplatin/pembrolizumab at MD Anderson Cancer Center, were alive for ≥14 days thereafter and had available next generation sequencing- based comprehensive tumor genomic profiling were eligible. Response assessment was based on RECIST1.1. PD-L1 expression on tumor cells was evaluated using the FDA-approved 22C3 pharmDx assay. All patients consented to collection of clinical and molecular data as part of the GEMINI protocol.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Among 49 eligible patients (median age 61 years, 51% female, 96% adenocarcinoma histology, 34.7% KRAS-mutant) the objective response rate to pemetrexed/carboplatin/pembrolizumab was 51% (25/49) for the overall population. The disease control rate (PR+SD≥ 6 months) differed significantly between STK11/LKB1-mutant and STK11/LKB1-wild-type tumors (31.3% vs 72.7%, P=0.011, two-tailed Fisher’s exact test). The objective response rate was 31.3% for STK11/LKB1-mutant and 60.6% for STK11/LKB1 wild-type tumors (P=0.07, two-tailed Fisher’s exact test). 37.5% (6/16) of STK11/LKB1-mutant tumors exhibited progressive disease as best overall response to chemo-immunotherapy compared with 6.1% (2/33) STK11/LKB1-wild-type tumors (P=0.01, two-tailed Fisher’s exact test). Patients bearing STK11/LKB1-mutant tumors exhibited shorter progression-free survival with chemo-immunotherapy (median PFS 4.4 months vs 11.0 months, P=0.039, log-rank test). STK11/LKB1-mutant tumors were less likely to be positive for PD-L1 expression (PD-L1 TPS ≥ 1%), although the difference did not reach statistical significance (43.8% vs 72%, P=0.1, two-tailed Fisher’s exact test).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations are associated with inferior clinical outcomes with chemo-immunotherapy in non-squamous NSCLC, with response rates comparable to those previously reported for platinum doublet chemotherapy alone. Assessment of STK11/LKB1 status may help refine treatment approaches in non-squamous NSCLC.

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    P2.04 - Immunooncology (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 953)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P2.04-09 - Driver Mutations are Associated with Distinct Patterns of Response to Immune Checkpoint Blockade in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 13362)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Waree Rinsurongkawong

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Immune checkpoint blockade (IO) has demonstrated durable clinical benefit in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Tumors with driver mutations such as EGFR exon 19 and 21 mutations and ALK translocation tend to have low response rates to IO. However, IO response in NSCLC patients with rare driver mutations, such as EGFR exon 20 (~2%), HER-2 (~2%) and BRAF (~3%), representing approximately 7% of lung adenocarcinomas, has been poorly addressed.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We queried GEMINI (MD Anderson Lung Cancer Moon Shot funded database for prospective collection of clinical information on NSCLC) for patients with mutations in EGFR exon 19, 20, 21, HER-2 and BRAF treated with PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors. We assessed progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR) and overall survival (OS) in each molecular group.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Between 2014-2018, 108 patients with classic EGFR mutations (exon 19 del + exon 21 L858R, n=37), EGFR exon 20 mutations (n=36; no T790M included), HER-2 mutations (n=22) and BRAF mutations (n=13; V600E: 3pts; non-V600E: 10pts) had been treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors. EGFR exon 20 mutants and BRAF mutants demonstrated significantly higher PFS (EGFR exon 20: HR 0.4, p<0.001; BRAF: HR 0.2, p<0.001), higher disease control rate at 6 and 12 months as well as higher ORR when compared to classic EGFR mutants (Table). These differences remained significant in multivariate analysis after adjusting for age, smoking, PD-L1 status, radiation prior to treatment initiation, treatment with concurrent agents and prior treatment with TKIs. HER-2 mutants had similar PFS compared to EGFR classic mutants (HR 0.8, p=0.35) (Table).

      table.tif

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      EGFR exon 20 and BRAF mutations are associated with superior outcome from PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors compared to classic EGFR and HER-2 mutations. Further studies on co-mutational status and tumor mutation burden in these molecularly-defined groups are ongoing to address potential underlying mechanisms associated with these findings.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P3.03 - Biology (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 969)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 12:00 - 13:30, Exhibit Hall
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      P3.03-28 - LKB1 Mutation Status is Associated with Poor Radiation Outcome in Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 13591)

      12:00 - 13:30  |  Author(s): Waree Rinsurongkawong

      • Abstract

      Background

      Previously, we reported that the upregulation of the NRF2/KEAP1 pathway in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) bearing co-mutations in KRAS and LKB1 is critical to maintain redox homeostasis which contribute to radiation resistance in these tumors. Here, we explore the role of the LKB1 mutation as a potential predictor radiation outcome in NSCLC.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We retrospectively analyzed the patients undergoing definitive treatment for newly diagnosed NSCLC who were enrolled in the prospectively collected MD Anderson Lung Cancer Moon Shot GEMINI database according to LKB1 mutation status. Cox regression analysis and log-rank tests were used to correlate with radiation outcomes according to LKB1 mutation status and/or KRAS mutation subgroup. We then investigated the mechanisms of radiation resistance in these tumors in preclinical models.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      wclc 2018 picture.jpgOf the 173 patients with stage III NSCLC treated with definitive radiotherapy, with or without chemotherapy were analyzed according to LKB1 mutation status demonstrated that LKB1 mutation had statistically significantly higher rate of loco-regional recurrence, and shorter disease-free survival than in patients with wild type LKB1 (P = 0.013 and P = 0.037, respectively). Moreover, additional loss of either LKB1 or TP53 in KRAS-mutant tumors renders these tumors higher loco-regional recurrence after radiation (P interaction = 0.045). We identified that LKB1 loss is associated with radio-resistance in part by KEAP1/NRF2 pathway activation. Re-expression of LKB1 or NRF2 pathway suppression (via KEAP1 expression) enhanced radiotherapy sensitivity in vivo.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Our results suggest that LKB1 mutation is a potential predictive impact on radiation outcome of patients with NSCLC. The upregulation of the KEAP1/NRF2 pathway in NSCLC bearing co-mutations in KRAS and LKB1 is critical to maintain redox homeostasis and determine the sensitivity for radiation.

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