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Ferdinandos Skoulidis



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    MA19 - Genomic Markers of IO Response (ID 922)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Immunooncology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 15:15 - 16:45, Room 201 BD
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      MA19.10 - Impact of STK11/LKB1 Genomic Alterations on Clinical Outcomes with Chemo-Immunotherapy in Non-Squamous NSCLC (ID 14295)

      16:15 - 16:20  |  Presenting Author(s): Ferdinandos Skoulidis

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Chemo-immunotherapy with pemetrexed/carboplatin/pembrolizumab represents a standard of care for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non-squamous NSCLC, irrespective of tumor cell PD-L1 expression. Genomic determinants of response to chemo-immunotherapy in NSCLC have not been reported thus far. We previously identified STK11/LKB1 alterations as a major genomic driver of de novo resistance to PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor monotherapy in NSCLC (Skoulidis et al., Cancer Discovery, 2018). Here, we examine the impact of STK11/LKB1 mutations on clinical outcomes with chemo-immunotherapy with pemetrexed/carboplatin/pembrolizumab.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Patients with metastatic non-squamous NSCLC that received at least 1 cycle of pemetrexed/carboplatin/pembrolizumab at MD Anderson Cancer Center, were alive for ≥14 days thereafter and had available next generation sequencing- based comprehensive tumor genomic profiling were eligible. Response assessment was based on RECIST1.1. PD-L1 expression on tumor cells was evaluated using the FDA-approved 22C3 pharmDx assay. All patients consented to collection of clinical and molecular data as part of the GEMINI protocol.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Among 49 eligible patients (median age 61 years, 51% female, 96% adenocarcinoma histology, 34.7% KRAS-mutant) the objective response rate to pemetrexed/carboplatin/pembrolizumab was 51% (25/49) for the overall population. The disease control rate (PR+SD≥ 6 months) differed significantly between STK11/LKB1-mutant and STK11/LKB1-wild-type tumors (31.3% vs 72.7%, P=0.011, two-tailed Fisher’s exact test). The objective response rate was 31.3% for STK11/LKB1-mutant and 60.6% for STK11/LKB1 wild-type tumors (P=0.07, two-tailed Fisher’s exact test). 37.5% (6/16) of STK11/LKB1-mutant tumors exhibited progressive disease as best overall response to chemo-immunotherapy compared with 6.1% (2/33) STK11/LKB1-wild-type tumors (P=0.01, two-tailed Fisher’s exact test). Patients bearing STK11/LKB1-mutant tumors exhibited shorter progression-free survival with chemo-immunotherapy (median PFS 4.4 months vs 11.0 months, P=0.039, log-rank test). STK11/LKB1-mutant tumors were less likely to be positive for PD-L1 expression (PD-L1 TPS ≥ 1%), although the difference did not reach statistical significance (43.8% vs 72%, P=0.1, two-tailed Fisher’s exact test).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations are associated with inferior clinical outcomes with chemo-immunotherapy in non-squamous NSCLC, with response rates comparable to those previously reported for platinum doublet chemotherapy alone. Assessment of STK11/LKB1 status may help refine treatment approaches in non-squamous NSCLC.

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