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Sarah J Commander

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    MA12 - Mesothelioma Surgery and Novel Targets for Prognosis and Therapy (ID 913)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Mesothelioma
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 10:30 - 12:00, Room 202 BD
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      MA12.03 - The Impact of Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Histology on the Use of Surgery and Survival in a Population-Based Analysis (ID 14406)

      10:40 - 10:45  |  Author(s): Sarah J Commander

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides


      Histologic subtype for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is known to be an important determinant of both treatment and survival. This study aimed to quantify the impact of MPM histology on the use of surgery and survival in a population-based analysis.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Overall survival (OS) of patients with stage I-III epithelioid, sarcomatoid, and biphasic MPM in the National Cancer Database from 2004 to 2015 was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and multivariable Cox proportional hazard models.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Of the 3,346 patients who met inclusion criteria, the histologic subtype was epithelioid in 2,326 patients (70%), biphasic in 482 patients (14%), and sarcomatoid in 538 patients (16%). Median survival was 16.2 [95% CI: 15.3 – 17.2] months in the epithelioid group, 10.9 [95% CI: 9.8 – 11.9] months in the biphasic group, and 5.3 [95% CI: 4.7 – 6.0] months in the sarcomatoid group (p<0.001). Cancer-directed surgery was utilized more often in epithelioid (31%, n=718) and biphasic patients (38%, n=181) compared to sarcomatoid patients (17%, n=91) (p<0.001). Among patients who underwent surgery, median survival was significantly better for epithelioid (22.6 [95% CI: 21.2 – 24.8] months) and biphasic (14.7 [95% CI: 12.6 – 17.3] months) histologies compared to sarcomatoid histology (7.7 [95% CI: 6.4 – 8.6] months) (p<0.001). Surgery was associated with better survival in multivariable analysis for epithelioid (HR 0.81; [95% CI: 0.72 – 0.93], p=0.002) and biphasic histologies (HR 0.69; [95% CI: 0.53 – 0.89], p=0.004), but not for sarcomatoid type mesothelioma (HR 0.87; [95% CI: 0.65 – 1.16, p=0.34). Further, the absolute difference in median survival between surgical and non-surgical therapy was more clinically significant for the epithelioid (22.6 vs 15.8 months; p <0.001 and biphasic (14.7 vs 10.4 months; p=0.001) patients compared to the sarcomatoid (7.7 vs 7.2 months; p=0.13).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      In this U.S. national analysis of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma, surgery was most commonly used for epithelioid and biphasic histologies and was associated with a median survival of nearly 2 years and over 1 year, respectively. However, surgery was also used in almost 1 in 5 patients with sarcomatoid mesothelioma but was associated with a median survival of less than 8 months. These results suggest that the specific mesothelioma histology should be firmly established before surgery, and it is reasonable to aggressively treat select patients with epitheloid and biphasic mesothelioma with surgery, but that surgery should not be performed for most patients with sarcomatoid mesothelioma.


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