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Sha Zhao



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    MA15 - Colliding Approaches - EGFR and Immunotherapy (ID 916)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Targeted Therapy
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 107
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      MA15.10 - Loss of T790M Mutation is Associated with Early Progression to Osimertinib in Chinese Advanced NSCLC Patients Harboring EGFR T790M (ID 13645)

      14:35 - 14:40  |  Presenting Author(s): Sha Zhao

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Osimertinib has demonstrated striking superior efficacy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients detected acuqired T790M mutation as resistant mechanism to upfront early-generation EGFR-TKIs. However, not all the T790M positive tumors are homogeneously sensitive to osimertinib, and the duration of response often varies. Previous studies suggest that loss of T790M mutation upon progression is related to decreased therapeutic benefit from osimertinib. The aim of this study is to investigate the association of T790M-mutant status and clinical outcomes after osimertinib treatment in Chinese NSCLC patients harboring acquired EGFR T790M mutation.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We reviewed the electric medical records of all patients receiving osimertinib monotherapy after detected acquired T790M mutation in rebiopsy after resistant to prior EGFR-TKIs, and underwent re-rebiopsy again upon progression to osimertinib at our hospital. Detailed clinicopathologic characteristics and response data were collected for all patients.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      From January 2014 to December 2016, 230 patients were confirmed T790M mutation positive for acquired resistance to early-generation EGFR-TKIs (gefitinib, erlotinib, afatinib and icotinib). Among them, 90 patients received osimertinib monotherapy as subsequent treatment. Out of the patients, 84 (93.3%) were eligible for osimertinib-resistance analysis, and 31 (34.4%) patients underwent T790M detection in biopsy after disease progression to osimertinib. The most commonly used biopsy sample were tumor tissue, peripheral blood and hydrothorax. 16 patients remained T790M positive, while 15 patients lost T790M mutation in their re-rebiopsy samples. Loss of T790M upon progression was significantly associated with shorter duration of response to osimertinib (median time 5.93 vs 11.87 m, HR:0.325, 95%CI: 0.087 to 0.45, p=0.0005), while overall survival (OS) was not statistically different between T790M-loss and -remain groups. The objective response rates were also similar in two groups (85% and 100%, respectively). In multivariate analysis, T790M mutation loss remained significantly associated with early progression to osimertinib.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Loss of T790M mutation was associated early progression to osimertinib in Chinese NSCLC patients harboring acquired T790M mutation. Dynamic detection during osimertinib treatment may be a potential strategy to timely reveal disease progression.

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    P3.04 - Immunooncology (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 970)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 12:00 - 13:30, Exhibit Hall
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      P3.04-21 - Antibiotics Attenuate the Clinical Benefit of Anti-PD-(L)1 Immunotherapies in Chinese Patients with Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 13555)

      12:00 - 13:30  |  Presenting Author(s): Sha Zhao

      • Abstract

      Background

      Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) targeting PD-(L)1 have shifted the treatment paradigm of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but responses are often heterogeneous and temporary. Several landmark publications have confirmed the dominant role of gut microbiome in modulating tumor responses to ICIs, suggesting the predictive value of antibiotics (ATB) in patients treated with anti-PD-(L)1 antibody. However, more evidence is needed to comprehensively reveal the association between ATB usage and ICIs therapeutic response in NSCLC, especially in Chinese populations.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with advanced/metastatic NSCLC received anti-PD-(L)1 based therapies at our hospital. Detailed clinicopathologic characteristics, response data and ATB usage were collected for all patients. The patients receiving ATB within one month around the first administration of ICIs (defined as ATB-treated) were compared to those without (ATB-untreated).

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      109 cases receiving anti-PD-(L)1 based therapies and underwent response evaluation were identified. 65 (59.3%) of them received monotherapy and 44 received combination therapies including anti-PD-(L)1 plus anti-angiogenesis/chemotherapy. 35 (32.1%) patients had been prescribed ATB 60 days before or during the course of ICIs treatment, and 20 (18.3%) were categorized as ATB-treated group. The most commonly administered ATB were β-lactam inhibitors, fluoroquinolones and macrolides. No major statistical differences in baseline clinicopathologic features were observed between ATB-treated and -untreated groups. The objective response rates (ORR) to ICIs in two groups were 65% and 82%, respectively. ATB treatment was significantly associated with shorter progression-free survival (PFS) (median 3.73 vs 9.3 m, p<0.001), and also tended to be associated with primary disease progression (35% vs 18%, p=0.087). The overall survival (OS) (median 31.9 vs 37.6 m, p=0.74) was similar in two groups, but ATB appeared to be related to decreased duration of survival from ICI treatment start to death (median 6.07 vs 26.9 m, p=0.002). In multivariable analysis, ATB treatment was markedly associated with poorer ORR and survival to ICIs after adjusting for prior line treatment setting, ICI regimens, numbers of ICI-related toxicity and clinical characteristics.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      ATB usage was a predictor for decreased clinical benefit from anti-PD-(L)1immunotherapies in Chinese NSCLC patients. More comprehensive understanding of the interaction between gut microbiome and ATB is still in urgent need. Furthermore, modulating ATB-related gut microbiome dysbiosis may enhance response to anti-PD-(L)1 immunotherapies.

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