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Jin -Ji Yang



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    JCSE01 - Perspectives for Lung Cancer Early Detection (ID 779)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Joint IASLC/CSCO/CAALC Session
    • Track: Screening and Early Detection
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/23/2018, 07:30 - 11:15, Room 202 BD
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      JCSE01.09 - Cluster Trial: Ph2 Biomarker-Integrated Study of Single Agent Alpelisib, Capmatinib, Ceritinib and Binimetinib in advNSCLC (Now Available) (ID 11678)

      10:15 - 10:25  |  Author(s): Jin -Ji Yang

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background
      Several genetically altered signaling pathways have been profiled in NSCLC, enabling advanced management of NSCLC using targeted therapies. This study investigated the therapeutic spectrum of NSCLC with uncommon molecular alterations by allocating patients to treatment arms based on molecular aberrations; targeted therapies alpelisib (PI3Kαi), capmatinib (METi), ceritinib (ALKi), and binimetinib (MEKi) were evaluated.The study was based on the umbrella design. Key objectives: investigate feasibility of using one trial for different agents based on biomarker-integrated analysis, assess anti-tumor activity, characterize safety, tolerability and PK profiles of individual agents. Key eligibility criteria: age ≥18 years; ECOG PS ≤2; failed prior treatment/unsuitable for chemotherapy. Documentation of locally determined molecular alterations before treatment allocation was required (alpelisib, 350 mg QD: PIK3CA mutation/amplification; capmatinib, 400 mg BID (tablet): MET IHC overexpression/amplification; ceritinib, 750 mg QD: ALK or ROS1 rearrangement; binimetinib, 45 mg BID: KRAS, NRAS or BRAF mutation).Sixty-six patients with advNSCLC were enrolled (median age 58 years; 65.2% male: alpelisib, n=2; capmatinib, n=16; ceritinib, n=26; binimetinib, n=22). As of Feb 28, 2018, 10 patients in ceritinib and 2 in binimetinib arms were ongoing. Twenty-four patients had confirmed partial responses (36.4%): alpelisib, 0%; capmatinib, 18.8%; ceritinib, 73.1%; binimetinib, 9.1% (Figure). Longest mPFS (14.4 months) was in ceritinib arm. Among the most common treatment-related AEs: alpelisib: malaise, hyperglycemia, dysgeusia; capmatinib: nausea, anemia, peripheral edema, decreased appetite; ceritinib: diarrhea, vomiting, ALT/AST elevation; binimetinib: mouth ulceration, AST, blood CPK increased, rash. Most AEs were grade 1/2.

      abstract #1.jpg

      Objective responses/tumor shrinkage were observed in the study; highest ORR and mPFS were observed with ceritinib, although patient numbers differed between arms. All treatments were well tolerated; no new safety signals were observed. This study demonstrated the feasibility of an umbrella trial and importance of precision medicine in the management of advNSCLC with uncommon molecular alterations.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419

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    MA15 - Colliding Approaches - EGFR and Immunotherapy (ID 916)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Targeted Therapy
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 107
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      MA15.06 - Circulating Tumor DNA Portrays the Resistance Landscape to a Novel Third Generation EGFR Inhibitor, AC0010 (Now Available) (ID 13641)

      14:05 - 14:10  |  Author(s): Jin -Ji Yang

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      In a Phase I/II dose-escalation and expansion study conducted at Guangdong Lung Cancer Institute, AC0010 demonstrated promising efficacy and good tolerability in advanced NSCLC patients with EGFR T790M-mediated resistance to previous EGFR TKIs, (NCT02330367). As disease progression (PD) with EGFR T790M-directed therapy also emerges over time, we investigated the resistance mechanisms to AC0010 in this study.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Serial ctDNA samples obtained from patients who developed PD with AC0010 were analyzed using ultra-deep sequencing capturing 295 cancer-related genes. Alterations that were absent before treatment and acquired at PD or that increased in abundance during treatment were identified as putative resistance mechanisms.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Longitudinal plasma samples were obtained from 23 patients who progressed on AC0010 (data cut-off October 14, 2016; figure1). Putative resistance mechanisms to AC0010 were identified in 19/23 patients (>1 putative resistance mechanism was detected in some patients). EGFR amplification was the predominant resistance mechanism (21.1% [4/19 patients]), followed by TP53 loss of heterozygosity (15.8% [3/19]). EGFR C797S mutation, Met amplification and mutations in the PI3KCA pathway each occurred in 10.5% of patients (2/19). SCLC transformation, ERBB2 amplification, CD79A_A32G mutation, CDKN2A_R80 mutation, CRLF2 amplification, MLH1 amplification, Rb1 loss, and concurrent rise in the allelic fraction of tumor suppressor gene TP53 and Rb1 were each detected in 5.3% of patients (1/19). In a patient with PD following single-agent AC0010 and EGFR amplification as the putative resistance mechanism to AC0010, subsequent treatment with AC0010 plus nimotuzumab (EGFR monoclonal antibody) successfully overcame resistance, resulting in a response that lasted for 7.7 months.

      fig 1_study profile.jpg

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      The resistance landscape to AC0010 appears to differ from that described previously with osimertinib. In this cohort of patients in China, EGFR amplification was the predominant resistance mechanism to AC0010 and could be potentially overcome by EGFR dual inhibition.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    MA24 - Genomic Evolution, KEAP 3 and More Non-Coding RNA (ID 928)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Biology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 10:30 - 12:00, Room 205 BD
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      MA24.01 - Genomic Evolution Trajectory Depicts Invasiveness Acquisition from Pre-invasive to Invasive Adenocarcinoma (Now Available) (ID 11840)

      10:30 - 10:35  |  Author(s): Jin -Ji Yang

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Accumulation of molecular abnormalities may depict evolution trajectories of tumor initiation and development. However, the genomic profile of early stage adenocarcinoma and molecular mechanism of invasiveness acquisition from pre-invasive to invasive adenocarcinoma remains barely explored.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We simultaneously collected 20 patients with adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) (n=5), minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) (n=5) and stage IA adenocarcinoma (lepidic/acinar predominant) (n=10). Whole exon sequencing (WES) was performed in pre-invasive adenocarcinoma with multi-region specimens and stage IA adenocarcinoma. Analysis of genomic alteration among different pathological status was performed and tumor mutation burden (TMB) was calculated as well as six mutation types individually. Enriched pathways of each pathology were measured through KEGG analysis.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Baseline characteristics was generated through heatmap with smokers (2/20, 10%) and EGFR mutation (13/20, 65%) among whole population. AIS/MIA indicated much lower number of mutations than invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC) while TMB revealed the same trend without statistical significance. Multi-region sequencing showed high heterogeneity of single nucleotide variation (SNV) in AIS and MIA. Unique SNV presented dominant proportion in initial status. Cluster analysis showed higher copy number variation in AIS/MIA than IAC with cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) enriched in AIS/MIA while variety pathway enrichment in IAC through KEGG analysis. C>A transversions held major proportion in early stage adenocarcinoma and a significant increase in the proportion of C>T and C>G mutation was exhibited when evolving into IAC.

      图片1.png

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Intratumor heterogeneity may occur in the very beginning of adenocarcinoma. High copy number variation was dominant event for AIS/MIA while higher tumor mutation burden was seen in IAC. Tobacco signature encompassing C>A transversions dominates the early development of adenocarcinoma and APOBEC signature may play a potential role in acquisition of cancer invasiveness.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 2
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.01-55 - Unique Genetic Profiles from Cerebrospinal Fluid Could Predict Survival of EGFR-Mutant NSCLC with Leptomeningeal Metastases (ID 12369)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Jin -Ji Yang

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Leptomeningeal metastases (LM) are more frequent in NSCLC with EGFR mutations;and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) could reveal the unique genetic profiles of LM in our previous studies, but whether they could predict the overall survival (OS) of LM remains unknown.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients with LM were enrolled,and clinical data and genetic profiles detected by Next-generation sequencing were collected. We further drew nomogram with endpoint of OS after LM, then performed index of concordance (C-index) and survival analysis to evaluate predictive role.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      In total, 61 patients were enrolled and all with genetic profiles from CSF. Patents with high copy number variations (CNVs) or harboring CDK6, TP53 exon5 or FGF19 in CSF demonstrated significant poorer OS than those without (Fig. 1). Cox regression analysis indicated CNVs, CDK6,CDKN2A,TP53,MET and NTRK1 as prognostic factors and further selected for nomogram (Fig. 2). C-index of nomogram was 0.743, indicating the moderate predictive effect. In the calibration curves, we scored the patients based on the model, using bisection and trisection methods to divide into low and high points groups; and low, medium and high points groups (Fig. 3), and significant difference were found in both the survival analyses (NA versus 7.47months, P<0.01) and (NA, 10.33 versus 4.43 months, P<0.01) respectively. Patients who received Osimertinib after LM seemed to have longer OS than those who did not (14.5 months versus 7.7 months) but without significant difference(P=0.10); however interestingly, in those with EGFR T790M negative who took Osimertinib after LM by themselves obtained survival benefit than those who did not(NA versus 7.7 months, P=0.04), and the results needed to be validated.

      figure.jpg

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Unique genetic profiles from CSF could well predict OS of LM. High CNVs, CDK6, TP53 exon5 or FGF19 in CSF in CSF may be related to poor prognosis of LM.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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      P1.01-97 - Cluster Trial: Ph2 Biomarker-Integrated Study of Single Agent Alpelisib, Capmatinib, Ceritinib and Binimetinib in advNSCLC (ID 12065)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Jin -Ji Yang

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Several genetically altered signaling pathways have been profiled in NSCLC, enabling advanced management of NSCLC using targeted therapies. This study investigated the therapeutic spectrum of NSCLC with uncommon molecular alterations by allocating patients to treatment arms based on molecular aberrations; targeted therapies alpelisib (PI3Kαi), capmatinib (METi), ceritinib (ALKi), and binimetinib (MEKi) were evaluated.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      The study was based on the umbrella design. Key objectives: investigate feasibility of using one trial for different agents based on biomarker-integrated analysis, assess anti-tumor activity, characterize safety, tolerability and PK profiles of individual agents. Key eligibility criteria: age ≥18 years; ECOG PS ≤2; failed prior treatment/unsuitable for chemotherapy. Documentation of locally determined molecular alterations before treatment allocation was required (alpelisib, 350 mg QD: PIK3CA mutation/amplification; capmatinib, 400 mg BID (tablet): MET IHC overexpression/amplification; ceritinib, 750 mg QD: ALK or ROS1 rearrangement; binimetinib, 45 mg BID: KRAS, NRAS or BRAF mutation).

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Sixty-six patients with advNSCLC were enrolled (median age 58 years; 65.2% male: alpelisib, n=2; capmatinib, n=16; ceritinib, n=26; binimetinib, n=22). As of Feb 28, 2018, 10 patients in ceritinib and 2 in binimetinib arms were ongoing. Twenty-four patients had confirmed partial responses (36.4%): alpelisib, 0%; capmatinib, 18.8%; ceritinib, 73.1%; binimetinib, 9.1% (Figure). Longest mPFS (14.4 months) was in ceritinib arm. Among the most common treatment-related AEs: alpelisib: malaise, hyperglycemia, dysgeusia; capmatinib: nausea, anemia, peripheral edema, decreased appetite; ceritinib: diarrhea, vomiting, ALT/AST elevation; binimetinib: mouth ulceration, AST, blood CPK increased, rash. Most AEs were grade 1/2.

      wclc figure for abstract-1.jpg

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion


      Objective responses/tumor shrinkage were observed in the study; highest ORR and mPFS were observed with ceritinib, although patient numbers differed between arms. All treatments were well tolerated; no new safety signals were observed. This study demonstrated the feasibility of an umbrella trial and importance of precision medicine in the management of advNSCLC with uncommon molecular alterations.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P1.03 - Biology (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 935)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.03-34 - Combined Molecular and Radiological Evaluation Unveils Three Subtypes of Disease Progression to a Third Generation EGFR TKI (ID 12055)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Jin -Ji Yang

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      The definition of disease progression (PD) to EGFR TKIs has evolved from RECIST to a combination of clinical and RECIST evaluation. Patients with dramatic, local or gradual progression to third generation EGFR TKIs have been tailored to different subsequent treatment strategies. However, little is known about progression to third generation EGFR TKIs from molecular perspective.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Longitudinal plasma samples were collected from T790M-positive patients who progressed on a third generation EGFR TKI AC0010 in a phase I/II study in Guangdong Lung Cancer Institute. A pre-defined and unified molecular and radiological evaluation of PD were performed. Ultra-deep sequencing capturing 295 cancer-related genes was performed to track the changes in ctDNA to depict molecular PD, which was defined by acquired SNV/SCNV, or ≥20% increase in allelic fraction/copy number of pre-existing SNV /SCNV or both. Radiological PD was defined by RECIST.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      As of October 2016, 102 serial plasma samples from 23 patients with clinical PD were included. Three subtypes of PD to AC0010 were revealed (Fig1). Molecular PD occurred prior to radiological PD in 43.5% of patients (10/23), with an average lead time of 3.0 months. Molecular PD occurred concurrently with radiological PD in 39.1% of patients (9/23). Interestingly, 17.4% of patients (4/23) experienced radiological PD prior to molecular PD, with molecular PD occurred during AC0010 continuation beyond progression (CBPD) in 3 patients. Of patients experienced clinical stable PD in extracranial lesions, radiological PD occurring prior to molecular PD group (n=2) demonstrated longer duration of AC0010 CBPD than molecular PD occurring prior to (n=3) or concurrently with radiological PD groups (n=4) (Median, 5.6 months vs. 1.9 months vs. 1.8 months).

      fig1 three subtypes of pd.jpg

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Our study revealed 3 distinct subtypes of PD to AC0010, providing insights into PD by combining molecular and radiological evaluation and might guide the optimal time for treatment switch and personalized subsequent treatments.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P2.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 950)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P2.01-52 - Identification of Leptomeningeal Metastasis-Specific Exosomal miRNA Signatures in Cerebrospinal Fluids of NSCLC Patients (Now Available) (ID 13074)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Jin -Ji Yang

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) is a devastating complication with poor prognosis in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The confirmed diagnosis of LM usually involves neurological evaluation, MRI imaging, and cytopathology analysis of limited tumor cells from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Exosomes are extracellular vesicles in body fluids enriched with microRNAs (miRNAs), which have been implicated to participate in brain metastasis. Here, we aimed to identify LM-specific exosomal miRNA signatures in NSCLC patients to elucidate their potential role in LM mechanism and to predict LM via liquid biopsy.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Exosomes prepared from CSF and plasma samples of 39 advanced NSCLC patients with (LM+) or without (LM-) LM as well as 12 non-cancer individuals (NC) were underwent small RNA next-generation sequencing. For patients in the LM+ group, paired plasma samples were taken before (PLM+pre) and upon (PLM+post) LM diagnosis. Exosomal miRNA profiles were subjected for differential expression analysis, pathway enrichment analysis, and signature discovery.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Unsupervised hierarchical clustering of the miRNA expression profiles clearly separated CSF samples into LM+ and LM free groups (LM- and NC). Interestingly, these samples were stratified based on their LM status only, regardless of their intraparenchymal metastasis status. In total, 247 (185 up and 62 down-regulated) miRNAs were identified differentially presented in the LM+ CSF exosome samples compared to the LM- and NC groups. Top altered miRNAs include dramatically up-regulated miR-200 family and down-regulated miR-144/451 cluster. Predicted gene targets of these top-regulated miRNAs were significantly enriched in Ras/MAPK/PI3K-AKT signaling, endocytosis pathways, and so on. Promisingly, a signature of five CSF exosomal miRNAs (let-7e-5p, miR-28-3p, miR-375, miR-200a-3p, and miR-486-5p) was identified for classification of LM+ patients with 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity. Due to the higher background complexity, we only identified one miRNA (miR-24-3p) was significantly up-regulated and one miRNA (miR-92b-5p) was significantly down-regulated in LM+ patients’ plasma-derived exosomes (PLM+pre and PLM+post) compared with the LM free group (PLM- and PNC). However, a combined signature of seven miRNAs (miR-24-3p, miR-223-3p, miR-340-5p, miR-27a-3p, miR-423-5p, miR-2110 and miR-342-5p) from PLM+pre samples was identified for the prediction of future LM with 81% sensitivity and 76% specificity.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      NSCLC patients with LM present a remarkably distinct CSF exosomal miRNA signature, which may involve in the progression of LM, and can be used as diagnostic biomarkers for LM. Furthermore, the identification miRNA signature in the pre-LM plasma samples suggests the potential use of liquid biopsy to predict LM for better patient care.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P2.12 - Small Cell Lung Cancer/NET (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 961)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P2.12-11 - A Prognostic Model Integrating Immunohistochemistry Markers for Extensive-Disease Small-Cell Lung Cancer (Now Available) (ID 11828)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Jin -Ji Yang

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Extensive-disease small-cell lung cancer (ED-SCLC) is a subtype of high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (HGNEC) with poor prognosis. We tend to build a prognostic nomogram and illustrate the failure pattern of first line etoposide/Irinotecan with paclitaxel (EP/IP) treatment.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      250 ED-SCLC patients received first line EP/IP treatment were enrolled. Cox regression analysis was used to identify the prognostic factors to establish nomogram. The predictive accuracy of nomogram was evaluated by concordance index (C-index). Further stratification based on Ki67 and brain metastasis was performed through X-tile plot and Kaplan Meier.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Cox regression analysis indicated brain metastasis as the prognostic factor and we further selected NSE, gender, TTF-1, Syn, tumor size and smoking status under clinical consideration for nomogram. C-index of nomogram suggested 0.65 with moderate predictive effect. Subgroup analysis showed patients with Ki67 lower than 85% had poorer prognosis than those over 90% (HR 0.59, 95%CI 0.39-0.92, p=0.02). Those without brain metastasis at baseline achieving partial response (PR)/complete response (CR) suggested no prognostic significance in brain progression compared to other progression group.

      fig.png

      fig2.png

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Established nomogram could well predict prognosis in ED-SCLC. Ki67 might play a potential role in prognosis of SCLC. Application of preventive cranial irradiation might be challenged in ED-SCLC patients without brain metastasis.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P2.17 - Treatment of Locoregional Disease - NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 966)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P2.17-32 - Dynamic Monitoring Before and After Neo-Adjuvant Crizotinib in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Brief Report (Now Available) (ID 11829)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Jin -Ji Yang

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Neo-adjuvant therapy has been considered as an optional approach for locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. While targeted therapy has been widely applied in advanced NSCLC, neo-adjuvant targeted therapy remains poorly explored.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We describe four ALK-positive patients with pathological confirmed locally advanced NSCLC receiving neo-adjuvant Crizotinib. All patients received Crizotinib at a starting dose of 250mg twice daily for 1-3 months before surgical resection. One patients provided dynamic monitoring before and after neo-adjuvant therapy through next generation sequencing of plasma and tissue.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Three patients were partial response without apparent adverse event before surgery while one received pathological complete response to neo-adjuvant Crizotinib but suffering from grade 4 hepatic damage. One of them had disease recurrence but achieved long duration of response (PFS=15m) through first-line Crizotinib. Dynamic monitoring with both plasma and tissue indicated simultaneously decrease of sensitive ALK-signaling in a patient with partial response (-51%) and no ALK-dependent resistant variants were captured.

      1.png

      2.png

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Neo-adjuvant Crizotinib may be feasible and well-tolerated in locally advanced disease for complete resection. Crizotinib prior to surgery may provide thorough elimination of circulating molecular residual disease and it did not influence the response of reusing Crizotinib in first-line setting.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P3.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 967)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 12:00 - 13:30, Exhibit Hall
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      P3.01-64 - Preliminary Data of Diverse Therapies in Patients with Advanced Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer Harbouring RET-Rearrangement (ID 13677)

      12:00 - 13:30  |  Author(s): Jin -Ji Yang

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Activating RET-rearrangement has been discovered to play a crucial role in NSCLC tumorigenesis. However, the lack of specificity narrowed efficacy of multi-kinase inhibitors (MKIs) and the optimal treatment remains unknown. In this study, we compared chemotherapy, immunotherapy and MKIs in this group of patients.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of these three treatments in advanced, RET-rearranged NSCLC patients between January 2013 and April 2018 at our institution. RET-rearrangements were assessed by Next-generation sequencing (NGS) or any of FISH, IHC, RT-PCR. Treatment data were collected after the patients had been diagnosed with RET-rearranged advanced NSCLC. Progression-free survival (PFS) was measured from treatment start to disease progression, all-cause mortality or last follow up. Median follow-up time was 5.1months. NGS was performed to assess somatic mutation of available samples.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      A total of 30 patients with RET-rearrangement were investigated in this study. After the diagnosis, 15 patients, genetic profiles confirmed by NGS, received chemotherapy (n=10), checkpoint-inhibitors (n=7) and RET targeted MKI (n=6) with evaluable response. Several patients take any two of these three treatments as different line therapies. The disease control rate of chemotherapy, immunotherapy, MKI group was 70.0%, 71.43% and 50%, respectively. While the median PFS of three groups was 2.50 months, 2.70 months, 0.30 months, respectively, which of no significance. The NGS data of 10 patients showed that RET-rearrangement co-occurred with several other genes, including TP53, NTRK, CDK4, ERBB4. A low mutation burden (mean 4.5 mutations) was observed (Figure 1).

      figure of abstract 13677.jpg

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      We confirmed relatively low PFS in advanced RET-rearranged NSCLC with MKIs reported in previous studies. But further investigation is warranted. Treatment with checkpoint-inhibitors seemed to encouragingly prolong PFS but a larger group of patients is needed to draw a definite conclusion.

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    P3.12 - Small Cell Lung Cancer/NET (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 978)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 12:00 - 13:30, Exhibit Hall
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      P3.12-10 - Immunogenomic Characteristics of SCLC and LCNEC Redefined Molecular Subgroups (ID 12577)

      12:00 - 13:30  |  Author(s): Jin -Ji Yang

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      While small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) are distinct classes of high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas, the differential diagnosis between SCLC and LCNEC remains challenging. In fact SCLC and LCNEC overlap in clinical, histopathologic, cytologic, morphologic and genetic characteristics. Molecular profiling with microarray or next-generation sequencing has provided growing evidence suggesting that both SCLC and LCNEC are biologically heterogeneous and a great part of them are borderline neuroendocrine carcinomas falling between typical SCLC and LCNEC. On account of accumulated knowledge, we speculated that immunogenomically characterizing SCLC and LCNEC collectively as one group, or rather morphologically or cytologically separating SCLC from LCNEC has superior clinical value.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We analyzed gene expression profiles of 44 SCLCs, 56 LCNECs and 25 normal lung samples obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus. Unsupervised and supervised analyses were performed to understand molecular characteristics of samples. Pathway and CIBERSORT analyses were employed to obtain immune landscape of SCLC and LCNEC.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Unsupervised clustering with 1189 differentially expressed genes revealed 2 distinct molecular subgroups (G1 and G2) of SCLC and LCNEC, which is not associated with histopathology. Targeted pathway analysis found that G1 was marked by activated IL-17, MAPK and Hippo signaling pathways. In contrast, transcriptional factors, such as ASCL1, INSM1, SOX2, and NKX2-1 were significantly up-regulated in G2, but not in G1. Moreover, in silico analysis of cellular composition and expression of immune genes disclosed unique immunoprofiles for G1 and G2. G1 was characterized by enriched CD4 memory cells, M1 macrophages and activated dendritic cells. While G2 was composed of high fractions of memory B cells and naïve CD4 cells. Strikingly, expression of both immunoinhibitors (IL10, PDL1, IDO1) and immunomodulators (OX40L, BAFF, GITR, IL6), as well as MHC class I and II molecules was higher in G1 compared to that in G2.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      We identified the common intrinsic features and molecular subgroups of SCLC and LCNEC, which are beyond conventional histopathology and better associated with immunogenomics of tumors. Further research is warranted to identify potential clinical implication of SCLC and LCNEC molecular subgroups.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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