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Maciej Krzakowski



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    MA12 - Mesothelioma Surgery and Novel Targets for Prognosis and Therapy (ID 913)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Mesothelioma
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 10:30 - 12:00, Room 202 BD
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      MA12.06 - STELLAR – Final Results of a Phase 2 Trial of TTFields with Chemotherapy for First-Line Treatment of Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (ID 13806)

      11:05 - 11:10  |  Author(s): Maciej Krzakowski

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Tumor Treating Fields (TTFields) are an anti-mitotic, regional treatment modality, utilizing low intensity alternating electric fields delivered non-invasively to the tumor using a portable, medical device. In-vitro, human mesothelioma cells were highly susceptible to TTFields. TTFields have been shown to significantly extend survival of patients with glioblastoma when added to chemotherapy.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      The trial accrued 80 patients with unresectable, previously untreated mesothelioma. Patients were treated with continuous 150 kHz TTFields (>18h/day) in combination with pemetrexed and cisplatin or carboplatin (at standard dosing). Inclusion criteria included ECOG PS of 0-1, pathologically proven mesothelioma and at least one measurable lesion according to modified RECIST criteria. Patients were followed q3w (CT scan q6w) until disease progression. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS) and secondary endpoints were response rate, progression free survival (PFS) and toxicity. This prospective, single arm study assumed an historical control with a median survival of 12.1 months (Vogelzang et al. 2003). The sample size provides 80% power with a two-sided alpha of 0.05 to detect an increase in median OS of 5.5 months.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      All 80 patients were enrolled between 2016 and 2017, with a minimum follow up of 12 months. Median age was 67 (range 27-78), 84% were male and 56% smokers. 16% (13 patients) had metastatic disease and 44% (35 patients) had an ECOG PS of 1. 66% (53 patients) had epithelioid histology. Compliance with TTFields was 68% (16.3 hours/day) during the first 3 months of therapy and 63% (50 patients) received carboplatin.

      Median OS was 18.2 months (95% CI 12.1-25.8) compared to 12.1 months in the historical control. Median PFS was 7.6 months (95% CI 6.7-8.6) compared to 5.7 months in the historical control. Partial responses were seen in 40.3% of patients and clinical benefit (PR+SD) was seen in 97.2% of patients. No device-related serious adverse events (AEs) were reported. Expected TTFields-related dermatitis was reported in 46% (37 patients). Only 4 patients (5%) had grade 3 dermatitis. The following grade 3-4 systemic AEs were reported in >3% of patients: hematological AEs (15%) and fatigue (4%).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      The study met its primary endpoint of significant extension of survival for previously untreated mesothelioma patients. Secondary efficacy endpoints were also improved compared to historical control. The study demonstrated no safety concerns for the combination of TTFields to the thorax together with standard chemotherapy. These results support the addition of TTFields to standard chemotherapy in the treatment of first-line malignant pleural mesothelioma.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P1.11 - Screening and Early Detection (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 943)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.11-03 - MicroRNA with Ability to Reciprocal Regulation of Dicer and Drosha – Plasma Expression Status and Diagnostic Value in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 12133)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Maciej Krzakowski

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Examination of microRNAs expression in plasma could be useful in screening and in early detection of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). One of the most important enzymes in miRNA biogenesis are Dicer and Drosha. Disrupted expression of miRNA with ability to reciprocal regulation of Dicer and Drosha could participate in cancer development.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Plasma expression of miR-27-3p, miR-31, miR-182 and miR-195 were analysed in 138 Polish NSCLC patients (median age 65 years, 83 male and 55 female) and in 45 healthy people (median age 62 years, 28 male and 17 female). 57 (41.3%) NSCLC patient were in I-IIIA stage and 81 (58.7%) patients were in IIIB-IV stage. Relative expression of microRNAs between studied groups was compared using U Mann-Whitney test. For assessment of diagnostic accuracy (test sensitivity and specificity), the receiver operating curves (ROC) with area under curve (AUC) analysis were generated.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      We demonstrated that plasma levels of miR-27-3p, miR-31 and miR-182 were significantly higher (p<0.000001, p=0.00008, p=0.006 respectively) and miR-195 significantly lower (p=0.000002) in NSCLC patients in comparison with healthy donors. Moreover, patients with early stages (I-IIIA) of NSCLC showed significantly higher expression of miR-27a-3p (p<0.000001), miR-31 (p=0.0003) and miR-182 (p=0.000003) than healthy persons. Expression of miR-195 was significantly lower in patients with early stages (I-IIIA) of NSCLC than in healthy donors (p<0.000001). AUC for miR-27a was 0.95 (94% sensitivity and 81% specificity, p<0.00001), for miR-31 was 0.71 (73% sensitivity and 61% specificity, p=0.001), for miR-182 was 0.77 (70% sensitivity and 79% specificity, p<0.00001) and for miR-195 was 0.82 (74% sensitivity and 80% specificity, p=0.00001).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Expression of miR-27a, miR-31, miR-182 and miR-195 could distinguish patients with NSCLC from healthy people. The examination of these microRNAs in plasma could be used in non-invasive lung cancer diagnosis. Deregulation of Dicer and Drosha expression by microRNAs could have oncogenic character.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    PL02 - Presidential Symposium - Top 5 Abstracts (ID 850)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Plenary Session
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 08:15 - 09:45, Plenary Hall
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      PL02.07 - IMpower 133: Primary PFS, OS and Safety in a PH1/3 Study of 1L Atezolizumab + Carboplatin + Etoposide in Extensive-Stage SCLC (ID 12892)

      09:00 - 09:10  |  Author(s): Maciej Krzakowski

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      First-line (1L) standard-of-care treatment for extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) is platinum (carboplatin or cisplatin) with etoposide. Despite high initial response rates, there has been limited progress in the last two decades and outcomes remain poor with a median overall survival (OS) of ~10 months. IMpower133 (NCT02763579), a global Phase 1/3, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial evaluated efficacy and safety of adding atezolizumab, a humanized monoclonal anti–PD-L1 antibody, or placebo to 1L carboplatin and etoposide in ES-SCLC.

      Patients with measurable (RECIST v1.1) ES-SCLC, ECOG performance status 0 or 1, who had not received prior systemic treatment for ES-SCLC were enrolled. PD-L1 immunohistochemical testing was not required. Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive four 21-day cycles of carboplatin (AUC 5 mg/mL/min IV, Day 1) plus etoposide (100 mg/m2 IV, Days 1-3) with either atezolizumab (1200 mg IV, Day 1) or placebo, followed by maintenance therapy with atezolizumab or placebo until intolerable toxicity or progressive disease per RECIST v1.1. Patients meeting predefined criteria could receive treatment beyond progression. Co-primary endpoints were OS and investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS). Adverse events (AEs) were graded per NCI-CTCAE v4.0. Blood-based tumor mutation burden (bTMB) was assessed using prespecified cutoffs of ≥16 vs. <16 and ≥10 vs. <10 mutations/Mb.

      In total, 201 patients were randomized to the atezolizumab group, and 202 to the placebo group. Median follow-up was 13.9 months. Median OS was 12.3 months in the atezolizumab group and 10.3 months in the placebo group (hazard ratio [HR] 0.70 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.54, 0.91; P=0.0069]). Median PFS was 5.2 months and 4.3 months, respectively (HR 0.77 [95% CI: 0.62, 0.96; P=0.017]). OS and PFS benefits were consistent across key patient subgroups. Investigator-assessed confirmed objective response rates were 60.2% and 64.4% in the atezolizumab and placebo groups, respectively; median duration of response, 4.2 and 3.9 months. Exploratory analyses showed OS survival benefits in subgroups above and below prespecified bTMB cutoffs. Grade 3-4 treatment-related AEs were reported in 56.6% vs. 56.1% patients in atezolizumab vs. placebo groups, respectively; serious treatment-related AEs occurred in 22.7% and 18.9% patients, respectively.

      Addition of atezolizumab to carboplatin and etoposide provided a significant improvement in OS and PFS in 1L ES-SCLC in an all-comer patient population. No unexpected safety signals were identified. Atezolizumab plus carboplatin and etoposide may represent a new standard regimen for patients with untreated ES-SCLC.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419

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