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Mary Ann Melnick

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    OA10 - Right Patient, Right Target & Right Drug - Novel Treatments and Research Partnerships (ID 910)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Targeted Therapy
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 10:30 - 12:00, Room 106
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      OA10.04 - Afatinib With or Without Cetuximab for EGFR-Mutant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Safety and Efficacy Results from SWOG S1403 (ID 14014)

      11:05 - 11:15  |  Author(s): Mary Ann Melnick

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides


      Several EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are used for the treatment of EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however resistance inevitably develops. The combination of the irreversible ErbB family TKI afatinib and the EGFR monoclonal antibody cetuximab was previously shown to overcome resistance to first-line EGFR TKIs. To attempt to delay resistance, we conducted a randomized trial of afatinib plus cetuximab versus afatinib alone in treatment-naïve patients with advanced EGFR-mutant NSCLC (NCT02438722).

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Patients with previously-untreated EGFR-mutant NSCLC were randomized to afatinib 40mg PO daily plus cetuximab 500mg/m2 IV every 2 weeks or afatinib 40mg PO daily. The study was designed to accrue a total of 212 patients, comparing progression-free survival (PFS) between the arms at the 1-sided 0.025 level when 134 PFS events had been observed. Secondary objectives included comparison of overall survival (OS), time to treatment discontinuation (TTD), and toxicity. An interim analysis evaluating early stopping for futility occurred when at least 64 PFS events were reported.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Between March 26, 2015 and April 23, 2018, 170 eligible patients were accrued: 86 to afatinib/cetuximab and 84 to afatinib. Median age was 66.4 years, 66% were female, 64% had an EGFR exon 19 deletion mutation and 36% had an L858R point mutation. With 109 events observed, there was no improvement in PFS with the combination compared to single-agent (HR 1.17, 95% CI 0.80-1.73, P = 0.42, median 10.6 months vs 13.1 months). OS was also not improved with the addition of cetuximab (HR 1.23, 95% CI 0.62-2.44, P = 0.55, median 26.9 months vs not reached). TTD was similar between the two groups (HR 0.95, 95% CI 0.64-1.39, P = 0.79, median 12.5 months vs 12.2 months). Grade > 3 treatment-related adverse events (AEs) were more common among patients treated with afatinib/cetuximab, and more patients in the combination arm required at least 1 dose reduction of afatinib (57% vs 26%). However, treatment discontinuations due to AEs were similar between the two groups (11.6% vs 10.7%).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      There was no difference in PFS, OS or TTD with the addition of cetuximab to afatinib for treatment-naïve patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC. The trial was closed to accrual at the interim analysis having met the criteria for futility. Correlative analysis of tumor tissue and blood from patients is ongoing.


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