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Toyoaki Hida



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    OA08 - Mesothelioma: Immunotherapy and microRNA for Diagnosis and Treatment (ID 907)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Mesothelioma
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 15:15 - 16:45, Room 201 BD
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      OA08.01 - Long-Term Efficacy and Safety of Nivolumab in Second- or Third-Line Japanese Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Patients (Phase II: MERIT Study) (ID 11833)

      15:15 - 15:25  |  Author(s): Toyoaki Hida

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and highly aggressive malignancy with poor prognosis and no treatment is approved for patients (pts) progressing after 1st line pemetrexed-platinum doublet. Here, we report latest analysis of MERIT study in previously treated Japanese MPM pts to update the previous report (WCLC 2017, Goto Y, et al).

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      This open-label study enrolled advanced or metastatic MPM pts previously treated with up to two regimens of chemotherapy including pemetrexed-platinum doublet. Enrollment criteria also included histologically-confirmed, unresectable MPM without prior surgery, measurable lesion and ECOG performance status 0-1. There was no restriction of PD-L1 status. Pts received Nivolumab 240 mg flat dose Q2W until progression or unacceptable toxicity. Primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) (modified RECIST by independent review committee, expected response rate was 19.2%); secondary endpoints included disease control rate (DCR), duration of response (DOR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and safety.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Thirty-four pts received Nivolumab in this study. Males: 85.2%, median age: 68.0 years (range 43-78), PS 1: 61.8%, epithelial/sarcomatoid/biphasic: 79.4%/8.8%/11.8%, 1 prior regimen: 70.6% and PD-L1 (≧1%)/PD-L1 (<1%)/not evaluable: 58.8%/35.3%/5.9%. At a median follow-up of 16.8 months (range: 1.8-20.2), ORR was 29.4 % (n=10, 95%CI: 16.8-46.2). DCR was 67.6% (n=23, 95%CI: 50.8-80.9). Median DOR was 11.1 months (95%CI: 3.5-16.2). Median PFS was 6.1 months (95%CI: 2.9-9.9) in all pts, 7.2 months (2.8-15.0) in PD-L1 (≧1%) and 2.9 months (1.4-9.3) in PD-L1 (<1%). Median OS was 17.3 months (95%CI: 11.5-NR) in all pts, 17.3 months (8.2-NR) in PD-L1 (≧1%), 11.6 months (5.8-NR) in PD-L1 (<1%), across tissue types, 15.7 months (95%CI: 8.0-NR) in epithelioid and not reached in sarcomatoid/biphasic pts. Six- and 12-month survival rates were 85.3% (95%CI: 68.2-93.6) and 58.8% (95%CI: 40.6-73.2). Twenty-six (76.5%) pts experienced treatment-related adverse event (TRAE), and 11 (32.4%) experienced grade 3/4 TRAEs. Most commonly reported TRAEs were skin disorder (n=6, 17.6%), elevated lipase (n=5, 14.7%), elevated amylase and diarrhea (n=4, 11.8%). Four pts required dose discontinuation because of interstitial pneumonia (n=2, grade2 and 3) and pneumonitis (n=2, grade3).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Nivolumab shows durable long term efficacy and manageable safety profile in Japanese 2nd/3rd line MPM pts.

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    P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 2
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.01-28 - Impact of Afatinib Dosing on Safety and Efficacy Real-World in Patients with EGFR Mutation-Positive Advanced NSCLC (ID 13276)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Toyoaki Hida

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Tolerability-guided dose adjustment of afatinib reduced incidence and severity of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) without affecting efficacy in the LUX-Lung (LL) studies in patients with EGFR mutation-positive (EGFRm+) NSCLC. We evaluated the impact of modifying the recommended starting dose of afatinib (40mg) on efficacy and safety in a real-world setting.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      This non-interventional, observational, multi-country/site study used medical records of TKI-naïve patients with EGFRm+ (Del19/L858R) NSCLC treated with first-line afatinib. Primary outcomes were % patients with ADRs by severity, time on treatment (TT), and time to progression (TTP), relative to LL3. Secondary outcomes were % of patients with/reasons for modified starting dose.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      228 patients from 13 countries were included. Baseline characteristics were generally similar to LL3, but with more Del19 patients (78% vs 49%) and fewer Asian patients (44% vs 72%); 12% had ECOG PS 2–3. 31% of patients received an afatinib starting dose of <40 mg; 20% of patients starting with <40 mg increased their dose during the study. 67% of 40 mg starters underwent dose reductions, with 86% of those occurring in the first 6 months. Dose reductions were more frequent in females, Eastern Asian patients, and those with lower body weight. The main reason for dose modification was ADRs. In <40 mg starters, overall ADR incidence was similar to that in ≥40 mg starters, with fewer G3 (17% vs 25%) and no G4 ADRs. There were no new safety signals, and fewer ≥G3 ADRs and serious adverse events (SAEs) than in LL3 (28% vs 49% and 5% vs 14%, respectively). >60% of patients received medications to treat diarrhea and manage skin AEs. Median TT and TTP were 18.7 months and 20.8 months, respectively, and were not impacted by reduced starting dose or dose modification (19.4/17.7/19.5 and 25.9/20.0/29.0 months for patients who started on ≤30 mg/reduced to <40 mg/remained on ≥40 mg, respectively). The efficacy of afatinib was demonstrated across all patient subgroups analysed (ECOG PS 0/1 vs 2/3, age <75 yrs vs 75 yrs, EGFR mutational status); TT and TTP were significantly longer in patients with ECOG PS0/1 versus PS2/3.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      As in pivotal trials, dose adjustments with afatinib in real-world practice reduced the frequency and intensity of ADRs without impacting efficacy. RealGido demonstrated long TT/TTP regardless of afatinib dose adjustment or reduced starting dose, and an acceptable safety profile. The results highlight the benefit of tailoring afatinib dose based on individual patient characteristics and ADRs to optimize outcomes.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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      P1.01-34 - Docetaxel Plus Ramucirumab with Prophylactic PEG-G-CSF Support for Chemo-NaïVe Elderly NSCLC Patients: A Phase II Study (WJOG9416L) (ID 12400)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Toyoaki Hida

      • Abstract

      Background

      Docetaxel monotherapy is the standard of care for chemo-naïve Japanese elderly patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to our results of phase III trial comparing docetaxel and vinorelbine monotherapies (WJTOG9904). In a pivotal phase III study (REVEL), docetaxel plus ramucirumab demonstrated superior response rate (RR) and progression-free survival (PFS) over docetaxel monotherapy in second-line setting for advanced NSCLC. These differences in RR and PFS were translated into overall survival (OS) benefit. This evidence prompted us to investigate docetaxel plus ramucirumab for chemo-naïve elderly patients. However, in a similarly designed Japanese randomized phase II trial (JVCG trial), febrile neutropenia (FN) was observed in 34.2% of docetaxel plus ramucirumab arm. This high incidence of FN is a clinical concern when using docetaxel plus ramucirumab for elderly patients. The ASCO practice guideline recommends primary prophylactic granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) when the risk of FN is 20% or higher. PEGylated-G-CSF (pegfilgrastim) administered once a cycle demonstrated reduction of FN incidence in many types of cancers. Based on the above background, we considered that primary prophylactic PEG-G-CSF would be beneficial for elderly NSCLC patients who received docetaxel plus ramucirumab.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      This is a prospective multicenter, single-arm, phase II study conducted by West Japan Oncology Group (WJOG). Main inclusion criteria includes: chemo-naïve; aged ≥75; histologically or cytologically confirmed NSCLC; ECOG PS 0/1; adequate organ functions; with measurable disease; without contraindication of ramucirumab; written informed consent; and estimated life expectancy of at least 3 months. Intravenous docetaxel (60 mg/m2, day 1) plus ramucirumab (10 mg/kg, day 1) with subcutaneous PEG-G-CSF (3.6 mg, day 2) every 3 weeks is administered until progression. Continuous docetaxel or ramucirumab monotherapy is permitted when intolerable toxicities occur but clinical benefit is obtained by each drug. The primary endpoint is objective response rate (ORR). Secondary endpoints are PFS, OS, disease control rate, and safety. We assumed that the threshold and expected ORR were 20% and 35%, respectively. Based on this, the number of patients was calculated to be 59 to provide a power of 80% with probability of one-sided type I error being 0.05. Taking ineligible patients into account, the sample size was set at 65. When the study results are promising, we plan to conduct a phase III trial to compare docetaxel plus ramucirumab with PEG-G-CSF support vs. docetaxel monotherapy for chemo-naïve elderly NSCLC patients. Clinical trial information: UMIN000030598.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Section not applicable

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion


      Section not applicable

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