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MA08 - Clinical Trials in Brain Metastases (ID 906)
- Event: WCLC 2018
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 15:15 - 16:45, Room 203 BD
MA08.10 - Real-Life Intracerebral Efficacy of Nivolumab in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients with Brain Metastases (ID 14201)
16:15 - 16:20 | Presenting Author(s): Margaux Geier
Data regarding intracerebral efficacy of nivolumab in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are lacking because of routinely exclusion of patients with active brain metastases (BMs) from clinical trials. We aimed at assessing intracranial activity of nivolumab in patients with BMs in a real-life setting and determining the potential role of prior radiotherapy.a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method
Between 01/09/2015 and 30/09/2016, all consecutive advanced NSCLC patients treated with nivolumab after failure of at least one line of chemotherapy were included. Nivolumab was administered at a dose of 3 mg/kg q2w until progression or unacceptable toxicity. Primary endpoint was intracerebral objective response rate (IORR) assessed by brain magnetic resonance imaging or brain computed-tomography scans. Secondary endpoints were overall response rate (ORR) and median duration of intracerebral response.4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result
259 patients were treated with nivolumab in 9 centers. Among them, 77 patients who presented BMs before nivolumab initiation were enrolled: 53 (20.5%) at diagnosis and 24 (9.3%) during the course of treatments. Median age at diagnosis was 57 years [29-78]. Most patients were males (72.7%) with smoking history (90.9%) and had adenocarcinoma (72.7%). 23 patients harbored a KRAS mutation. PD-L1 status was unknown. The median of prior lines was 1 [1-6]. BMs were pretreated in 48 (62.3%) patients: 16 received prior SBRT, 32 WBRT. Median time between prior radiotherapy and nivolumab initiation was 4 months [1-;27]. IORR and ORR were 10.4% and 20.8%, respectively. Among the 8 patients with intracerebral response, 5 (6.5%) had pretreated BMs, 3 (3.9%) had radiotherapy-naïve BMs. Median duration of intracerebral response was 11.5 months. No neurological adverse events occurred during nivolumab treatment. Among 259 patients, 36 (13.8%) developed BMs during nivolumab treatment.8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion
Nivolumab intracerebral response achieved 10.4% in real-life with a satisfactory neurological safety profile. If prior radiotherapy improves IORR must be determined by further investigations.6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53
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P1.04 - Immunooncology (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 936)
- Event: WCLC 2018
- Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
P1.04-35 - Quick Progression (QP) in Patients Treated by Nivolumab (IO) in 2nd Line or More for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: ERORECI Study (GFPC 2016-04) (ID 11936)
16:45 - 18:00 | Author(s): Margaux Geier
Nivolumab has been approved in 2nd line for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, more than half of the patients had progressive disease at 16 weeks, without any response and sometimes with deleterious progressions. This descriptive prospective study aimed to assess the characteristics of non responders with QP after IO and the following treatments.a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method
From September 1st, 2016 to August 31th, 2017, patients (pts) treated by IO (second line or more) with QP<16 weeks were included by 20 GFPC centers. NSCLC characteristics at the diagnosis, at the IO initiation, treatments (before IO, IO and after IO) and outcomes responses, progression free survival (PFS) according to lines of treatments were recorded.4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result
The sample included 319 pts: 64,3y± 9,6, smokers/ex-smokers: 48.0%-42.9%, male: 70.8%, PS01/2: 92.8%-7.2%, stage IV at diagnosis: 71.8%; adenocarcinoma: 63.9%. K-Ras mutated: 25.7%. Only 29% of patients had a PDL1 determination. 93% of pts received first line therapy, 32% second line, 10.3% third line before IO. First line PFS (PFS1) was 6.9m [6.43-7.8], PFS2: 9.33m [1.2-19], PFS3: 4.1m [1.56-12.43]. PFS for IO was 1.7m [0.76-4.16]. 229 (71,8%) patients had a IO PFS<2m; 14.7% of these patients stopped the treatment for toxicity. Among the 146 pts evaluable for response, PR was found in 23% of cases, SD in 30%, and PD in 47%.The table describe a comparison between two groups of QP during IO.
In real life, QP during IO remains a challenge in NSCLC. Multivariate analyses will be presented to characterize these patients.
In collaboration with the GFPC* team and supported by an academic grant from Pierre-Fabre pharmaceuticals.
*GFPC: French Lung Cancer Group6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53