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Boris Duchemann



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    MA08 - Clinical Trials in Brain Metastases (ID 906)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 15:15 - 16:45, Room 203 BD
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      MA08.09 - Impact of Brain Metastases in Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors (ICI) Treated Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients (ID 12575)

      16:10 - 16:15  |  Author(s): Boris Duchemann

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Brain metastases (BM) are frequent in NSCLC. Unfortunately, patients with (untreated) BM are often excluded from ICI trials so that their outcome on ICI is largely unknown..

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Retrospective data collection of all consecutive advanced ICI treated NSCLC patients in 6 centers (5 French, 1 Dutch) (nov 2012 – march 2018). Active BM was defined as non-irradiated new and/or growing lesions on brain imaging < 6 weeks before ICI start. Progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and site of progression on ICI was collected.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      945 patients included: 63% male, 83% WHO PS 0-1, median age 64 years, 73% non-squamous, 4% targetable driver mutations, 33% known PD-L1 (65% ≥1% expression). ICI treatment was median 2nd line (range 1-12), 94% had monotherapy PD-(L)1 inhibition. 241 patients (26%) had BM, 68% had previous cranial irradiation, 40% had active BM. BM patients were significantly younger than others (61 vs 66 years), had more adenocarcinoma (78 vs 62%), more organs involved (median 3 vs 2), a poorer PS (0-1: 76 vs 85%) and more steroids at baseline (26 vs 9%). Median follow-up: 15 months. Median (95% CI) PFS and OS without and with BM were 2 (2-3) vs 2 (1-2) months and 13 (9-16) vs 9 (7-13) months, respectively. In multivariate analysis, > 2 metastatic sites, PS ≥2 and steroids use were associated with worse PFS and OS, BM were not (table 1). In univariate analysis of BM patients, active BM were not associated with worse outcome compared to stable BM (HR PFS 0.98 (p=0.66), HR OS 0.93 (p=0.92)). Progressing BM patients had more often brain PD and a dissociated response (not specifically brain dissociated) on ICI (40 vs 12% and 13 vs 7%, respectively).

      Factor PFS HR (95% CI) p-value OS HR (95% CI) p-value
      Age > 65 vs ≤ 65 1.02 (0.87-1.20) 0.79 1.11 (0.92-1.34) 0.29
      Smoking yes vs no 0.53 (0.41-0.69) <0.001 0.81 (0.59-1.12) 0.20
      Histology squamous vs adeno 1.07 (0.89-1.28) 0.78 1.24 (0.99-1.55) 0.12
      Nr of organs with metastases > 2 vs ≤ 2 1.28 (1.09-1.50) 0.003 1.48 (1.22-1.80) <0.001
      Immuno line > 2 vs ≤ 2 1.11 (0.94-1.30) 0.22 1.10 (0.91-1.33) 0.34
      WHO PS 0-1 vs ≥2 2.14 (1.75-2.62) <0.001 3.48 (2.78-4.36) <0.001
      Use of corticosteroids yes vs no 1.36 (1.10-1.69) 0.005 1.31 (1.03-1.68) 0.03
      BM yes vs no 1.05 (0.88-1.26) 0.58 0.96 (0.77-1.19) 0.70

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      BM, treated or active, do not negatively impact outcome on ICI although BM failure is more common in these patients.

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    P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.01-18 - Immunosenescence Correlates with Progression upon PD-(L)-1 Blockade (IO) in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (aNSCLC) Patients. (ID 14074)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Boris Duchemann

      • Abstract

      Background

      Immunosenescence is a progressive remodeling of immune functions with a multifactorial etiology (i.e. aging, chronic inflammation, cancer). Although a CD28-CD57+KLRG1+ phenotype on peripheral T-lymphocytes is a potential hallmark of immunosenescence, the characterization of such phenotype in IO-treated NSCLC patients and the correlation with clinical characteristics and benefit from immunotherapy are unknown.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      A senescent immune phenotype (SIP) defined as a percentage of circulating CD8+CD28-CD57+KLRG1+ T-lymphocytes was assessed by flow cytometry (FC) on fresh blood samples from IO-treated aNSCLC patients (03/2017–04/2018). A log-rank maximization method was used to identify a SIP cut-off level and dichotomize patients accordingly. The objective was to correlate SIP with clinical characteristics and RECIST response by univariate logistic regression analysis.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      39 aNSCLC patients were evaluable for SIP before IO: 38% ≥ 65 years, 87% non-squamous, 38% KRAS mutated, 54% with PD-L1 expression ≥1%, 13% chemotherapy naïve. Among 30 patients evaluable for IO response, 53% had progression (PD), 27% stability (SD), 20% partial response (PR). Median PFS was 1.9 months (95% CI 1.5; 2.5). OS was not calculated due to the short follow-up [6 months (95% CI 4-11)]. SIP (% CD28-CD57+KLRG1+) median value on circulating CD8+ lymphocytes was 15.26% (min 1.87%, max 56.28%). Overall, 13 (33%) of 39 patients had >22.25% CD8+ lymphocytes with a CD28-CD57+KLRG1+ phenotype, being classified as SIP+. SIP status did not correlate with age, IO-baseline patients’ characteristics or chemotherapy exposure. Among patients evaluable for IO response, only 1 (10%) of 10 SIP+ experienced disease control (PR/SD), compared to 13 (65%) of 20 SIP- patients; similarly, PD rate was significantly higher in SIP+ compared to SIP- patients (90% vs 35%, p=0.007) (Figure).

      plot-pd.jpg

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Immunosenescence, monitored by FC measurement of 3 surface molecules on circulating CD8 + lymphocytes, is observed in 33% of aNSCLC patients, is independent of age and correlates with lower IO disease control rate.

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