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MA04 - Novel Approaches with IO (ID 900)
- Event: WCLC 2018
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Immunooncology
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 107
MA04.10 - Comprehensive Peripheral Blood Immunophenotyping and T-Cell Clonal Analysis During Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy with Atezolizumab in NSCLC (ID 13118)
14:35 - 14:40 | Author(s): Rhonda Kitzler
Immune-checkpoint blockade targeting PD-L1/PD-1 to activate anti-tumor immunity is associated with improved response rates and survival compared to chemotherapy in selected metastatic NSCLC patients. Evaluation of the pre-therapeutic immune profile and its treatment-related evolution associated with clinical benefit will guide future immunotherapy development and support clinical decision-making. Here, we present an analysis of peripheral blood (PB) immunophenotyping and T-cell-receptor (TCR) clonality before and after immunotherapy from an ongoing 180-patient phase II study of atezolizumab as neoadjuvant therapy with stage IB-IIIB resectable NSCLC (NCT02927301; LCMC3).a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method
As of February 5th datacut, the first 54 enrolled and dosed patients are presented. The biomarker evaluable population (BEP) further subset to patients with paired PB samples analyzed within 72 hours after collection and a major pathological response (MPR) assessment. Comprehensive immune cell phenotyping (10-color flow cytometry, IMMUNOME) and TCR-Vß-analysis by flow cytometry were performed. Immunoprofile analyses were correlated with atezolizumab treatment, pathological response and PD-L1 expression.4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result
In this ongoing analysis, BEP included 31 patients. 5 patients (16%, 95% CI (5%, 34%)) had a MPR; all of which stained positive for PD-L1 by IHC using 22C3 (TPS≥1%) and SP142 (PD-L1 expression on ≥1% tumor cells (TC) and/or tumor infiltrating immune cells (IC)) at baseline. We observed significant increases in natural killer (NK) cells (p=0.005) and CD8+ T-cells (p=0.031) and a Th1-response related dendritic cell (DC) subpopulation (p=0.031) and significant decreases in B-cells (p=0.015) after treatment.
Patients who achieved MPR show lower baseline levels of degranulated CD8+ T-cells (p=0.015), late-activated NK-cells (p=0.043), memory CD4+ (p=0.048) and memory CD8+ T-cells (p=0.032); changes in PB NK-cells (p=0.041), a decrease in M-MDSCs and a Th-2 and Th-17-response related DC subpopulation (p=0.043) in response to treatment were noted in patients with MPR versus non-MPR.
Among the 16 patients with TC/IC 1/2/3 (> 1% PD-L1 expression) the following significant differences were observed compared to TC0/IC0 (7 patients): higher levels of late-activated CD4+ T-cells (p=0.025) and mid-activated CD8+ T-cells (p=0.044) at baseline, decrease of senescent T-cells (p=0.041), monocytic myeloid-suppressor cell subpopulations (M-MDSCs) and an increase in a Th1-response related DC subpopulation (p=0.026) after treatment.
TCR clonality analysis showed expansions in Vß-subtypes after atezolizumab treatment.8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion
Immunophenotyping and TCR-Vß-repertoire analysis in peripheral blood samples from NSCLC patients treated with neoadjuvant atezolizumab show differences in immune cell subsets in baseline samples and changes after treatment.6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53
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