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Julien Mazieres



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    MA04 - Novel Approaches with IO (ID 900)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Immunooncology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 107
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      MA04.03 - Immunotherapy for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancers (NSCLC) with Oncogenic Driver Mutations: New Results from the Global IMMUNOTARGET Registry (ID 13187)

      13:40 - 13:45  |  Author(s): Julien Mazieres

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Prospective data on immunotherapy for NSCLC with oncogenic driver mutations are limited. We recently reported first results from the global IMMUNOTARGET registry (Mazières, ASCO 2018). Here, we present new data for PD-L1 and mutation subgroups.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      In 2017, we started an international retrospective registry study ("IMMUNOTARGET") for patients with advanced NSCLC, known driver mutations (KRAS, EGFR, ALK, ROS1, BRAF, HER2, MET and RET) and PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. The registry is approved by University of Toulouse and Swissethics, and funded by University of Toulouse and Cantonal Hospital of Lucerne. Anonymized real-world data submitted to the coordinating center include: patient and tumor characteristics, mutation test methods and results, systemic therapy lines, immune related adverse events, best response by RECIST, survival, and tumor PD-L1 expression (optional). Statistical calculations including best response, median PFS and OS are done at University of Toulouse.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      In April 2018, the registry included 551 pts from Europe, USA, Israel and Australia. Patients were 50% male/female, 28% current smokers, median age 60 years (range 28-83), 85% had PS0/1. Most (73%) tumors were stage IV at diagnosis, almost all (96%) were adenocarcinomas. Molecular classification by dominant driver mutation: KRAS=271 (49%), EGFR=125 (23%), BRAF=43 (8%), MET=36 (7%), HER2=29 (5%), ALK=23 (4%), RET=16 (3%), ROS1=7 (1%), 1 (0.2%) not classified (ALK+RET+MET). Most pts received nivolumab (466) or pembrolizumab (48) and were treated with immunotherapy in second or third line (67%). The median number of cycles was 5 (range 1-68). Fifty (11%) pts had grade 3-5 toxicity. Median OS from start of immunotherapy was 13.3 months, median PFS was 2.8 months. Best response was PR/CR in: KRAS=26%, BRAF=24%, ROS1=17%, MET=16%, EGFR=12%, HER2=7%, RET=6%, ALK=0%. Percentage of PD-L1 positive cells was available for 177 pts: 0%=71 (40%), 1-49%=46 (26%), 50-100%=60 (34%). Median % of positive cells was highest for ROS1 (90%), BRAF (50%), MET (30%) and RET (26%) mutant tumors. PD-L1 positivity was predictive for improved PFS in KRAS and EGFR mutant tumors. PD-L1 status was known in 18 tumors with ALK, ROS1 or RET rearrangements: 5 had 0%, 4 had 1-49% and 9 had 50%-100%. No tumor remissions were observed in this subgroup. The registry remains open, updated results will be presented at the conference.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Although response rates were lower than in KRAS mutant NSCLC, individual tumors with other driver mutations responded to immunotherapy. PD-L1 expression may not accurately predict clinical benefit from immunotherapy in some molecular subgroups, better markers are needed.

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    MA08 - Clinical Trials in Brain Metastases (ID 906)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 15:15 - 16:45, Room 203 BD
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      MA08.09 - Impact of Brain Metastases in Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors (ICI) Treated Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients (ID 12575)

      16:10 - 16:15  |  Author(s): Julien Mazieres

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Brain metastases (BM) are frequent in NSCLC. Unfortunately, patients with (untreated) BM are often excluded from ICI trials so that their outcome on ICI is largely unknown..

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Retrospective data collection of all consecutive advanced ICI treated NSCLC patients in 6 centers (5 French, 1 Dutch) (nov 2012 – march 2018). Active BM was defined as non-irradiated new and/or growing lesions on brain imaging < 6 weeks before ICI start. Progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and site of progression on ICI was collected.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      945 patients included: 63% male, 83% WHO PS 0-1, median age 64 years, 73% non-squamous, 4% targetable driver mutations, 33% known PD-L1 (65% ≥1% expression). ICI treatment was median 2nd line (range 1-12), 94% had monotherapy PD-(L)1 inhibition. 241 patients (26%) had BM, 68% had previous cranial irradiation, 40% had active BM. BM patients were significantly younger than others (61 vs 66 years), had more adenocarcinoma (78 vs 62%), more organs involved (median 3 vs 2), a poorer PS (0-1: 76 vs 85%) and more steroids at baseline (26 vs 9%). Median follow-up: 15 months. Median (95% CI) PFS and OS without and with BM were 2 (2-3) vs 2 (1-2) months and 13 (9-16) vs 9 (7-13) months, respectively. In multivariate analysis, > 2 metastatic sites, PS ≥2 and steroids use were associated with worse PFS and OS, BM were not (table 1). In univariate analysis of BM patients, active BM were not associated with worse outcome compared to stable BM (HR PFS 0.98 (p=0.66), HR OS 0.93 (p=0.92)). Progressing BM patients had more often brain PD and a dissociated response (not specifically brain dissociated) on ICI (40 vs 12% and 13 vs 7%, respectively).

      Factor PFS HR (95% CI) p-value OS HR (95% CI) p-value
      Age > 65 vs ≤ 65 1.02 (0.87-1.20) 0.79 1.11 (0.92-1.34) 0.29
      Smoking yes vs no 0.53 (0.41-0.69) <0.001 0.81 (0.59-1.12) 0.20
      Histology squamous vs adeno 1.07 (0.89-1.28) 0.78 1.24 (0.99-1.55) 0.12
      Nr of organs with metastases > 2 vs ≤ 2 1.28 (1.09-1.50) 0.003 1.48 (1.22-1.80) <0.001
      Immuno line > 2 vs ≤ 2 1.11 (0.94-1.30) 0.22 1.10 (0.91-1.33) 0.34
      WHO PS 0-1 vs ≥2 2.14 (1.75-2.62) <0.001 3.48 (2.78-4.36) <0.001
      Use of corticosteroids yes vs no 1.36 (1.10-1.69) 0.005 1.31 (1.03-1.68) 0.03
      BM yes vs no 1.05 (0.88-1.26) 0.58 0.96 (0.77-1.19) 0.70

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      BM, treated or active, do not negatively impact outcome on ICI although BM failure is more common in these patients.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    OA12 - Novel Therapies in MET, RET and BRAF (ID 921)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Targeted Therapy
    • Presentations: 2
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 15:15 - 16:45, Room 106
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      OA12.03 - Activity of Crizotinib in MET or ROS1 Positive (+) NSCLC: Results of the AcSé Trial. (ID 12937)

      15:35 - 15:45  |  Author(s): Julien Mazieres

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Crizotinib was registered for ALK+ NSCLC in 2013 and recently for ROS1+ stage IV NSCLC. To generate high evidenced-based knowledge and to prevent off-label use, the French National Cancer Institute (INCa) launched the AcSé Program: equal access to tumor molecular diagnosis including an exploratory phase II trial. AcSé allows nationwide safe and controlled access to crizotinib off-label.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Biomarkers were identified with INCa molecular genetic platforms. Patients with amplification [amp] MET or mutation [mut] MET or translocation [tlc] ROS1 advanced NSCLC and not eligible for any other trial, were proposed crizotinib 250 mg BID. Tumor response was evaluated every 2 months (mo) using RECIST v1.1. The primary endpoint was the objective response rate (ORR) at 2 mo (complete + partiale response). A two-stage Simon design was applied to each cohort. Median and 95% confidence interval (CI) was estimated through Kaplan-Meier for progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and response duration. Response duration was the delay between CR/PR and first progression/death or last follow-up.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      From 08/2013 to 03/2018, 5407 patients from 186 centers entered the biomarker program. Tumor alterations found in patients were: ROS1 tlc in 77/4050; MET amp (≥6 copies/diploid genome) in 251/4171; MET mut in 76/1007.

      Overall, 90 patients (median age, 63 years [30–92]) received crizotinib 250 mg BID.

      #12937.jpg

      73 grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) or SAE were reported in 70/90 patients. Grade ≥3 AEs were: hematologic toxicities (23%) including neutropenia (11%), and general disorders (16%) including fatigue (10%).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      This study confirms the excellent response rate of crizotinib in the ROS1+ population. Response rate in the MET mut population is comparable to the MET amp population. In addition, the response rate to crizotinib in the MET mut population is lower than that in the PROFILE 1001 study. The tolerance profile is good as previously reported.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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      OA12.05 - Vemurafenib in Patients Harboring V600 and Non V600 BRAF Mutations: Final Results of the NSCLC Cohort from the AcSé Trial. (ID 12936)

      16:00 - 16:10  |  Presenting Author(s): Julien Mazieres

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      BRAF mutations are found in 2-3% of NSCLC. BRAF inhibitors reportedly have antitumor activity. The French National Cancer Institute (INCa) launched a program giving nationwide access to vemurafenib for cancer patients with BRAF-mutated tumors and supported molecular screening. We herein report the NSCLC cohort results.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      BRAF mutational status was assessed on INCa molecular genetic centers by direct sequencing or NGS. Patients with mutated BRAF (V600E and others mutations) progressing after ≥1 standard treatment were proposed vemurafenib 960 mg BID. Objective Response Rate (ORR) was assessed using RECIST v1.1 every 8 weeks. A sequential Bayesian approach was planned to allow early stopping using an inefficacy bound for ORR of 10%. If no early stopping occurred, the treatment was considered worthy for further evaluation if there was a 90% probability that the estimated ORR is ≥30%, the efficacy bound.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      From 10/2014 to 10/2017, 118 NSCLC patients were enrolled: 101 with BRAF V600E and 17 with other potentially activating mutations (4 G466, 4 G469, 1 G596, 5 K601, and 3 N581). Median age was 68 years (range 34–85), 71% smokers, 48% females, 100% non-squamous histology, and 20% with ECOG PS 2. Most frequent grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) were asthenia (9% of patients), epidermoid carcinoma (6%), dermatitis (5%), and increased GGT (5%). Three toxic deaths were reported: 1 nausea and vomiting leading to dehydration, 1 pneumonia, and 1 neutropenic sepsis.

      #12936.jpg

      Nine patients were still on treatment at the cut-off date, 106 had stopped vemurafenib (65 PD, 26 AEs, 3 deaths, 1 doctor’s decision, 11 patient’s decisions).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Vemurafenib provided reasonable response rate and extended PFS in pretreated NSCLC patients with BRAF V600E mutations but was not effective in those with other BRAF mutations. These results emphasize the need of integrating BRAF V600E in routine biomarkers screening.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 3
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.01-21 - Safety of Durvalumab Retreatment in Advanced NSCLC Patients Who Progressed Following Initial Disease Control In ATLANTIC (ID 12386)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Julien Mazieres

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      In ATLANTIC, patients who completed a year of durvalumab (anti-PD-L1) treatment but later progressed off therapy were eligible for retreatment. We evaluated safety in these patients compared with the overall study population.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      ATLANTIC (NCT02087423) was a Phase 2, open-label, single-arm trial in patients with Stage IIIB–IV NSCLC who had received ≥2 prior systemic treatment regimens, including one platinum-based. The study included three independent cohorts. In C1 (EGFR+/ALK+) and C2 (EGFR−/ALK−), enrollment was enriched for patients with ≥25% of tumor cells (TC) expressing PD-L1, while patients in C3 (EGFR−/ALK−) only had PD-L1 TC ≥90%. Patients received durvalumab 10 mg/kg q2w for ≤12 months. Patients who achieved and maintained disease control but then progressed after completing the initial 12-month treatment period were offered retreatment for a maximum of 12 months of further treatment. Safety and tolerability was a secondary outcome.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      As of November 7, 2017, of 442 patients in the ATLANTIC full analysis set, 102 (23.1%) had completed 12 months of initial treatment and 95 (21.5%) had disease control at the end of initial treatment. A total of 40 patients started retreatment. The median actual duration of exposure to durvalumab was 16.0 weeks (range 1–62; 40.1% of patients on treatment for ≥24 weeks) during initial treatment and 18.1 weeks (range 2–52; 37.5% of patients on retreatment for ≥24 weeks) during retreatment. The table shows safety during initial treatment and retreatment.

      Initial treatment (n=444)

      Retreatment phase (n=40)

      Cohort,* n (%)

      C1 (EGFR+/ALK+)

      111 (25.0)

      7 (17.5)

      C2 (EGFR−/ALK−)

      265 (59.7)

      26 (65.0)

      C3 (EGFR−/ALK−; TC ≥90%)

      68 (15.3)

      7 (17.5)

      Any TRAE, n (%)

      256 (57.7)

      19 (47.5)

      Grade ≥3 TRAEs

      42 (9.5)

      6 (15.0)

      TRAEs leading to death

      0

      2 (5.0)

      Serious TRAEs

      28 (6.3)

      4 (10.0)

      TRAEs leading to discontinuation

      10 (2.3)

      4 (10.0)

      Safety analysis set. *A more detailed analysis of exposure and safety by cohort will be presented. Causes of death were: pneumonitis and respiratory failure; cardiac arrest. TRAE=treatment-related adverse event.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      A large proportion of patients (37.5%) maintained retreatment for ≥24 weeks, suggesting that patients who originally completed 12 months of treatment can tolerate sustained retreatment. The tolerability profile of durvalumab upon retreatment was similar to that seen during initial treatment, although there were two treatment-related deaths during the retreatment phase. Retreatment with anti-PD-L1 may be feasible for selected patients with NSCLC who demonstrate original benefit and progress off therapy.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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      P1.01-66 - Randomized Phase II Evaluating EGFR-TKI Associated with Anti-Estrogen in Women with Non-Squamous Advanced Stage NSCLC: IFCT-1003 LADIE Trial. (ID 13740)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Presenting Author(s): Julien Mazieres

      • Abstract

      Background

      The incidence of lung cancer is increasing dramatically in women with recent findings as the preferential involvement of the EGFR pathway and the potential impact of hormonal factors in women. Preclinical data have shown that the combination of an EGFR-TKI with an anti-estrogen could overcome resistance to EGFR-TKI.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      IFCT-1003 LADIE Trial was a 2x2 arms parallel open-label randomized phase II trial. PS 0-2 post-menopausal women with advanced stage lung adenocarcinoma were treated with gefitinib (G 250 mg/day) vs. G + fulvestrant 500 mg / month with a supplementary dose at day 15 (G+F) in the EGFR mutated group (EGFR+) in 1st or 2nd line setting or with erlotinib (E 150 mg/day) vs. E + fulvestrant (E+F) in the EGFR wild-type group (EGFR WT) in 2nd or 3rd line setting until progression or unacceptable toxicity. Primary objective was progression-free survival (PFS) at 3 and 9 months for EGFR WT and EGFR+ patients, respectively.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      From 02/2012 to 03/2017, 204 pts (G 104, G+F 100) and 175 (E 87, E+F 88) were enrolled in the EGFR+ and EGFR WT cohorts respectively. The median number of fulvestrant injections was 10 in the G+F group and 3 in the E+F group. The tolerance was correct (grade 3/4: 24.2% in the G+F group vs 21.3% in the G group, 16.0% in the E+F group vs 13.8% in the E group) and no treatment-related death. In the EGFR+ cohort, the primary endpoint was reached as 54 pts in the G+F group were non-progressive at 9 months. Nevertheless, addition of F to G was not associated with significant better PFS (9.9 vs 10.1 months) or OS (22.1 vs 29.9 months). In the EGFR WT cohort, the primary endpoint was not reached as 29 patients were non-progressive at 3 months. Here also, addition of F to E was not associated with better outcome (PFS 1.8 vs 2.0 and OS 10.0 vs 7.3 months). No PFS difference was observed in the subgroup of patients with positive staining for REα.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Addition of fulvestrant to EGFR-TKI is feasible and is associated with good PFS in the EGFR mutated group. Nevertheless, the lack of benefit associated with the combination of fulvestrant to EGFR-TKI does not support its future development in a phase 3 trial in women with NSCLC.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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      P1.01-83 - IMpower150: Impact of Chemotherapy Cycles in 1L Metastatic NSCLC in Patients Treated With Atezolizumab + Bevacizumab (ID 12180)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Julien Mazieres

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      In the randomized Phase III IMpower150 study, atezolizumab (anti–programmed death-ligand 1 [PD-L1]) + bevacizumab + chemotherapy (Arm B) showed statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in both progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) over bevacizumab + chemotherapy (Arm C) in patients with first-line (1L) nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The study protocol allowed investigator choice of 4 or 6 chemotherapy cycles. The objective of this exploratory analysis was to assess the impact of chemotherapy cycles on safety and efficacy outcomes.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Patients were categorized based on actual chemotherapy cycles received in Arm B. Landmark analysis of PFS was performed to assess the benefit of 4 vs 6 chemotherapy cycles. Sensitivity analyses were performed to adjust the numerically imbalanced baseline factors.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      A total of 356 patients were randomized in Arm B; 188 patients (53%) were planned to receive 4 cycles, and 168 patients (47%) were planned to receive 6 cycles of chemotherapy. Within these 2 groups, 143 (76%) and 98 patients (58%) completed 4 and 6 chemotherapy cycles, respectively. The demographic and baseline disease characteristics were balanced, except for race (Asian vs other), smoking status, and PD-L1 status (TC3 or IC3 vs other). The landmark PFS analysis showed no difference between patients who completed 4 vs 6 cycles (HR 0.83 [95% CI: 0.59, 1.17). The sensitivity analyses, which adjusted for race, smoking status, or PD-L1, showed comparable results (adjusted HRs of 0.80, 0.85, or 0.91, respectively).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      In the atezolizumab + bevacizumab + chemotherapy arm, patients who received 4 cycles of chemotherapy appeared to have similar PFS benefit as those who received 6 cycles of chemotherapy. Detailed analyses of varying chemotherapy cycles, safety analyses, and impact on OS will be presented.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P3.12 - Small Cell Lung Cancer/NET (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 978)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 12:00 - 13:30, Exhibit Hall
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      P3.12-11 - Association of the Lung Immune Prognostic Index (LIPI) with Outcomes for Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Diffuse SCLC Patients (ID 14200)

      12:00 - 13:30  |  Author(s): Julien Mazieres

      • Abstract

      Background

      Pretreatment LIPI (Lung Immune Prognostic Index), based on derived NLR (neutrophils/[leucocytes-neutrophils] ratio) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) has been associated with outcomes for immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) in advanced NSCLC patients. We tested whether LIPI has the same role in diffuse small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Baseline dNLR and LDH and clinical data were retrospectively collected in SCLC patients, treated with ICI (PD1 inhibitor, PDL1 inhibitors +/- CTLA4 inhibitor) from April 2014 to Jan. 2018 (N=66) from 6 European centers. LIPI was calculated combining dNLR and LDH, stratifying 3 risk groups: good (dNLR<3+LDH<upper limit of normal (ULN), intermediate (dNLR>3 or LDH>ULN), poor (dNLR>3+LDH>ULN). The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), and secondary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS).

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Fifty-three patients (80%) were males, 58 (88%) smokers and all patients had PS ≤1, with median age 63 years (41-82). PDL1 was ≥ 1% by immunohistochemistry in 6 patients, and unknown in 60 patients. The median of prior lines was 1 (0-6). Platinum-based therapy was the prior line in 63 (95%) patients, with ORR of 88%. The median PFS and OS with ICI were 2.7 months (m) [95% CI 1.87-4.43] and 10.3 m [95% CI 5.8-12.6]. dNLR was greater than 3 in 16 (25%) and LDH> Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) in 33 (50%) patients. Based on both, LIPI stratified the population in 3 groups: 26 patients as good (40%), 29 (45%) as intermediate and 10 (15%) as poor LIPI risk groups. LIPI was an independent factor for OS (HR 2.77, 95% CI 1.07-7.14, P=0.03) and PFS (HR 3.13, 1.37-7.16, P=0.01). Median OS for good, intermediate, and poor risk groups were 11.4 m [95% CI 5.5-27.3], 11 m [95% CI 6.8-not-reached (NR)] and 2.3 m [95% CI 0.7-NR], respectively (P=0.004). Median PFS for good, intermediate, and poor risk groups were 3 m [95% CI 1.9-12.6], 2.8 m [95% CI 1.6-6.0 and 1.2 m [95% CI 0.47-NR], respectively (P=0.004).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Baseline LIPI poor risk group is associated with poor outcomes for ICI in diffuse SCLC patients. LIPI effect in a validation cohort is currently evaluated.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53