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Kyriakos P Papadopoulos



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    MA04 - Novel Approaches with IO (ID 900)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Immunooncology
    • Presentations: 2
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 107
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      MA04.01 - Cemiplimab, a Human Monoclonal Anti-PD-1, Alone or in Combination with Radiotherapy: Phase 1 NSCLC Expansion Cohorts (ID 13177)

      13:30 - 13:35  |  Author(s): Kyriakos P Papadopoulos

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Cemiplimab (REGN2810), a human monoclonal anti-PD-1, has exhibited substantial antitumor activities in patients with advanced malignancies in a first-in-human study. We report interim results of the Phase 1 expansion cohorts (ECs 1 and 2) of cemiplimab, alone or plus radiotherapy, in advanced NSCLC (NCT02383212).

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Patients with advanced NSCLC who had relapsed after, or were refractory to, at least, first-line therapy received cemiplimab 200 mg Q2W in EC 1, or cemiplimab 3 mg/kg Q2W plus radiotherapy (9 Gy × 3 times/week 1 week after first dose of cemiplimab) to a single lesion in EC 2. For EC 2, patients were required to have NSCLC for which palliative radiation therapy was indicated. Planned treatment duration was up to 48 weeks in both ECs. The co-primary objectives were to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of cemiplimab, alone or plus radiotherapy. Tumor measurements (of non-irradiated lesions) were performed by RECIST 1.1 Q8W.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      As of Sept 1, 2017, 20 patients (13 M/ 7 F; median age 64.0 years [range, 50–82]) and 33 patients (22 M/ 11 F; median age 67.0 years [range, 47–82]) were enrolled in EC 1 and EC 2, respectively. ECOG performance status 1 versus 0 was 80.0% versus 20.0% and 66.7% versus 30.3%, respectively, for ECs 1 and 2, and missing in one in EC 2; 75.0% (EC 1) and 48.5% (EC 2) had received prior radiotherapy. Investigator-assessed overall response rate (ORR; complete response [CR] + partial response [PR]) was 40.0% (1 CR and 7 PRs) and 18.2% (6 PRs) in EC 1 and EC 2, respectively. Disease control rate (ORR + stable disease [SD]) was 60.0% (1 CR + 7 PRs + 4 SDs) and 72.7% (6 PRs + 18 SDs) in EC 1 and EC 2, respectively. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) of any grade were arthralgia, asthenia, cough, and dyspnea (each 20.0%) in EC 1, and decreased appetite (30.3%), fatigue (27.3%), cough (24.2%), asthenia and back pain (each 21.2%) in EC 2. Grade ≥3 TEAEs occurring in ≥2 patients were pneumonia (10.0%) in EC 1; and anemia (12.1%), hypophosphatemia and urinary tract infection (each 6.1%) in EC 2. One patient in EC 2 experienced TEAE of pneumonitis with an outcome of death, considered related to study drug.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Cemiplimab monotherapy demonstrated substantial antitumor activity in pretreated NSCLC patients. The safety profiles were comparable with other anti-PD-1 agents and radiotherapy.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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      MA04.02 - Responses and Durability in NSCLC Treated With Pegilodecakin and Anti-PD-1 (ID 13986)

      13:35 - 13:40  |  Author(s): Kyriakos P Papadopoulos

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Responses in NSCLC to agents targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 axis are correlated with PD-L1 expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC), tumor mutational burden (TMB), interferon-associated mRNA expression profile (GEP), and the absence of liver metastases. Anti-PD-1 impedes the inhibition of T cells while pegilodecakin (AM0010) stimulates the survival and expansion of intratumoral, antigen-activated CD8+ T cells (Mumm et al, 2010). This provides a rationale for combining anti-PD-1 agents with pegilodecakin.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Pretreated NSCLC subjects (N = 34) received pegilodecakin (10-20 µg/kg QD, SC) with pembrolizumab (2 mg/kg, Q3W, IV; n = 5) or nivolumab (3 mg/kg, Q2W, IV; n = 29). Median follow-up is 31.2 months (range, 28.3-33+ months) and 17.5 months (range, 8.3- 25.9+ months), respectively. Responses were assessed by irRC. Twenty subjects had sufficient tissue for PD-L1 testing with the 22C3 IHC assay (CLIA) and 10 subjects had sufficient tissue for TMB evaluation by whole exome sequencing (WES) and pretreatment GEP by NanoString.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      In 26 subjects evaluable for response, the ORR was 41% (11 PRs). Another 12 subjects (46%) had SD as best response. As investigators were asked to preferentially enroll PD-L1–negative patients, PD-L1 expression was <1% in 12 of 20 PD-L1–evaluable subjects with 4 achieving a PR. Ten subjects had sufficient tissue for TMB and GEP, including 6 PRs. Five of the 8 who tested low to intermediate for TMB (<243 mut) had a PR as did 2 of 6 GEP-negative subjects. In addition, 5 of 8 subjects with liver metastasis had a PR. The mPFS and mOS of the 5 NSCLC subjects (4/4 tested PD-L1 <1%) treated with pegilodecakin + pembrolizumab was 10.9 and 32.2 months, respectively. The mPFS and mOS for the pegilodecakin + nivolumab cohort (8/16 tested PD-L1 <1%) has not been reached.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Pegilodecakin, when added to anti-PD-1 therapy in advanced NSCLC patients, was associated with response rates and durability of benefit greater than has been seen with anti-PD-1 alone. Responses were seen in settings in which anti-PD-1 therapy has demonstrated limited benefit, such as absent PD-L1 expression, low TMB, and/or the presence of liver metastasis. These preliminary findings support further studies of pegilodecakin with anti-PD-1 therapies.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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