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Edwin Roger Parra



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    MA06 - PDL1, TMB and DNA Repair (ID 903)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Biology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 206 AC
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      MA06.02 - Prospective Immunogenomic Profiling of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Genomic and Immune Profiling Updates from Project ICON (ID 13523)

      13:35 - 13:40  |  Author(s): Edwin Roger Parra

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Our previous work has demonstrated that higher level of genomic complexity is associated with more heterogeneous neoantigen repertoire, suppressed T cell repertoire and postsurgical relapse in localized non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) highlighting the complex interaction of tumor molecular and immune landscape and their impact on cancer biology and patient survival. We launched the ICON Project (Immune Genomic Profiling of NSCLC) to prospectively delineate the molecular and immune landscape of early stage NSCLC and their impact on patient survival through a multidisciplinary approach. Here we report the updated genomic and immune analyses.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Surgical specimens from stage I-III NSCLC were subjected to whole-exome and RNA sequencing for mutational analysis, in silico neoantigen prediction and gene expression analysis as well as T cell receptor sequencing, cytometry by time-of-flight and multiplex immunofluorescence staining.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      From 2016-2018, 127 patients were accrued and 50 surgical samples have undergone WES, RNAseq, TCR sequencing and immune phenotyping. Median age is 66 yrs (range: 39-86), 52% (26/50) were female and 76% (38/50) former smokers. 76% (38/50) are non-squamous carcinomas and 24% (12/50) squamous cell carcinomas. 34% have stage I disease (17/50), 30% stage II (15/50), 34% stage III (17/50) and 2% stage IV (1/50). The majority of patients had upfront surgery (45/50; 90%). With median follow-up of 19 months, 15 patients have relapsed. Median tumor mutational burden is 7.8mut/Mb and predicted neoantigen burden was 10/sample (range: 0-250). Predicted neoantigen burden is significantly correlated with tumor mutational burden (r=0.41, p=0.002). The most commonly mutated genes are TP53, KRAS, CDKN2A, PIK3CA, EGFR, BRAF, GRIN2A and ATM. C->A transversions and C->T transitions were the most common mutational subtypes. PD-1 expression and regulatory T-cell (CD4+/FoxP3+) infiltration are significantly increased in tumor tissue compared to normal tissue (p=0.003 and p=0.02 respectively), while CD3, CD8, granzyme B and CD45RO are decreased in tumor tissue compared to normal lung.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      NSCLC tumors have an immunosuppressive microenvironment compared to tumor adjacent normal lung tissues. Clinical data will be adequate to conduct genomic and immune profiling comparisons across different clinical subgroups. Mutational and neoantigen profiling are consistent with previously reported studies and correlations between molecular and immune landscapes and its impact on patient survival are ongoing.

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    OA03 - Advances in Lung Cancer Pathology (ID 897)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Pathology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 10:30 - 12:00, Room 205 BD
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      OA03.05 - Characterization of the Immunologic Intra-Tumor Heterogeneity in Early Stages of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer by Multiplex Immunofluorescence (ID 13334)

      11:15 - 11:25  |  Author(s): Edwin Roger Parra

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Recurrence of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is associated with genetic and epigenetic intra-tumor heterogeneity (ITH). The interaction between malignant cells, stromal cells, and tumor-associated immune-cells (TAICs), such as T-cell lymphocytes (TCLs) and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), is important for progression of NSCLC and the characterization of the immunologic ITH might be relevant to predict recurrence in surgically treated patients at early stages of NSCLC. The aim of this study was to characterize the immunologic ITH of primary NSCLC tumors at early stages using image analysis and multiplex immunofluorescence (mIF) approaches.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Eight cases of stage IA and 8 cases of stage IB surgically resected NSCLC (11 adenocarcinomas, ADCs; and 5 squamous-cell carcinomas, SCCs) with a history of early recurrence were selected for this preliminary analysis. FFPE blocks were obtained and consecutive sections were stained with two panels of mIF for immune profiling, panel 1: pan-cytokeratin (AE1/AE3), PD-L1, PD-1, CD3, CD8, and CD68; panel 2: AE1/AE3, CD3, CD8, granzyme-B (GB), CD45RO, and FOXP3. Three not adjacent, intra-tumor regions (3mm2 each) per case were randomly selected after gridding the whole tumor section. A total of 41 intra-tumor regions were scanned by Vectra multispectral-microscope and analyzed using InForm-software. TAICs were quantified in epithelial and stromal compartments from each intra-tumor region. G-Cross AUC (area under the curve) was computed for specific intervals of distances between TAICs and malignant cells. Median distance between TAICs and malignant cells within each region was calculated.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      The median density of TCLs and TAMs were 1527 cells/mm2 and 635 cells/mm2, respectively, without significant differences between histologic subtypes. TCLs were predominantly concentered in stromal compartment (median, 2222 cells/mm2) compared with epithelial compartment (median, 332 cells/mm2). Percentage and density of TCLs and TAMs varied 4 and 8 times, respectively, between cases and regions. Non-cytotoxic T-cells and inactive cytotoxic T-cells were the most prevalent phenotypes. Higher density of TAMs and antigen-experienced TCLs were observed in stage IB than stage IA.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Characterization of immunologic ITH of NSCLC is able by mIF and image analysis with FFPE tumor tissue. There is variability of TAICs densities between regions from the same tumor and different subpopulations were observed. TAMs and exhausted T-cells were more prominent in stage IB (tumor >3cm) suggesting these cells may play an important role in recurrence. Ongoing studies with a larger cohort and comparison with non-recurrent surgically treated patients are warranted. Supported by CPRITRP160668 and UTLungSPORE grants

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P1.04 - Immunooncology (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 936)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.04-22 - CD73 Immunohistochemical Expression in Malignant Cells and Correlation with Immune Infiltrate in Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (NSCLC). (ID 11859)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Edwin Roger Parra

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      CD73 is potential novel target for lung cancer immunotherapy involved in the adenosine pathway that induces tumor microenvironment immunosuppression. We investigated the immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of CD73 in a large cohort of NSCLC and correlated with tumor’s clinical, pathological, molecular and immune cells infiltration data.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We examined 175 surgically resected stages I-III formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded NSCLC tumors tissue microarrays, including 107 adenocarcinomas (ADC) and 68 squamous cell carcinomas (SqCC). For IHC, we used the anti-CD73 antibody (clone D7F9A, Cell Signaling Technology) and evaluated membrane (basolateral and luminal) expression in malignant cells. In a subset of cases, CD73 IHC expression was correlated with data available on: a) CD73 gene mRNA expression (Illumina arrays; n=91); b) EGFR and KRAS mutation status and mutational load (whole exome sequencing; n=104); and, c) density of tumor associated immune cells infiltration (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD68, CD45RO, CD57, FOXP3, and granzyme B) and immune checkpoints expression (PD-L1, PD-1, ICOS, TIM-3, IDO-1, B7-H3, B7-H4, VISTA and OX40) assessed by IHC and image analysis (n=172).

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      ADC showed higher CD73 IHC expression than SqCC (P<0.0001). Pathological stage I ADCs showed higher CD73 expression than higher tumor stages (P=0.0419). Using any level of CD73 expression (>1%) CD73 was expressed in 73% and 40% of ADCs and SqCs, respectively. High expression (>50% of malignant cells) was detected in 35% of ADCs and 20% of SqCC. No other significant correlations with clinical-pathological variables, including patients’ outcome were found. Interestingly, ADCs with EGFR (P=0.04) and KRAS (P=0.02) mutation expressed higher CD73 levels than wild-type tumors. In ADC, CD73 IHC expression correlated significantly with the density of immune T CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD45RO+ and FOXP3+ cells, as well as macrophages CD68+ cells in tumors (r values range: 0.22-0.45; P values range: 0.001-0.02). Overall, we did not find significant correlations between CD73 immunostaining and the IHC expression of the immune checkpoints examined. CD73 IHC expression correlated positively with mRNA CD73 gene expression levels in all NSCLCs (r=0.6; P<0.0001), ADCs (r=0.6; P<0.0001), and SqCCs (r=0.49, P<0.0001) histology

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      We identified that CD73 protein expresses in a subset of resected NSCLCs, being significantly higher in adenocarcinoma histology. In this histology type, CD73 correlates with immune T cells and macrophages infiltration, and notably, with tumor’s EGFR and KRAS mutation. Our data suggest that CD73 is a potential target for NSCLC, particularly for adenocarcinoma histology (Supported by grants CPRIT RP160668 and UT Lung SPORE).

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