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Shamus R Carr



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    MA03 - Lung Cancer Screening - Next Step (ID 896)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Screening and Early Detection
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 10:30 - 12:00, Room 206 AC
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      MA03.10 - Population-Based Relative Risks for Lung Cancer Based on Complete Family History of Lung Cancer  (ID 11268)

      11:30 - 11:35  |  Presenting Author(s): Shamus R Carr

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Published risk estimates for diagnosis of lung cancer based on family history are typically focused on close relatives, rather than a more diverse or complete family history. This study provides relative risks (RR) for lung cancer based on comprehensive family history data obtained from a statewide Cancer Registry linked to a high quality genealogy data resource. Risk estimates presented avoid common recall, recruitment, ascertainment biases, and are based on an individual’s (proband’s) lung cancer family history constellation (pattern of lung cancer affected relatives).

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      A population-based genealogical resource linked to a statewide electronic SEER cancer registry estimated relative risk (RR) for lung cancer for an individual based upon their lung cancer family history. Family history data available for a proband included degree of relationship (first to third-degree), paternal or maternal family lung cancer history, number of lung cancer affected relatives and age at diagnosis of affected relatives. Over 1.3M probands probands with specific constellations of lung cancer were analyzed. To estimate RRs, the observed number of lung cancer cases among probands with a specific family history constellation was compared to the expected number using internal cohort-specific rates.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      5,048 lung cancer cases were identified. Significantly elevated RR was observed for any number of lung-cancer-affected relatives among first-, second-, or third-degree relatives. RRs for lung cancer were significantly elevated for each additional lung cancer first-degree relative (FDR) ranging from RR=2.57 (2.39, 2.76) for >= 1 FDR to RR=4.24 (1.56, 9.23) for ≥3 FDRs affected. In an absence of FDR family history, increased risk for lung cancer was significant for increasing numbers of affected second-degree relatives (SDR) ranging from 1.41 (1.30, 1.52) for ≥ 1 SDR to 4.76(1.55, 11.11) for ≥ 4 SDRs. This was also seen in the absense of FDRs and SDRs for affected third-degree relatives (TDR) ranging from 1.18 (1.11, 1.24) for ≥1 affected TDR to 1.55 (1.03, 2.24) for ≥ 4 affected TDRs. RRs were significantly increased with earlier age at diagnosis of a first degree relative, and equivalent risks for maternal compared to paternal history were observed.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      This study provides unbiased, population-based estimates of lung cancer risk based on a proband’s complete family history that can be 2-5+ times increased. Estimates of RR for lung cancer based on family history are arguably very relevant clinically. The constellation RR estimates presented could serve in individual decision making to direct resource utilization, and could be pivotal in decision making for screening, treatment, and post treatment surveillance.

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    P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.01-10 - Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Clinical Outcomes with Surgical Resection After Definitive Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy (ID 14264)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Shamus R Carr

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      The role of neoadjuvant CRT followed by surgery (trimodality therapy) continues to evolve in patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). To date, limited prospective data exist assessing definitive preoperative radiotherapy doses. We report our clinical experience of high-dose (definitive) radiation-based trimodality therapy.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Between January 2000 and December 2016, 107 consecutive patients with stage III NSCLC treated with curative intent at our institution with definitive doses of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) were analyzed. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS) and secondary endpoint was freedom from recurrence (FFR), analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank testing. Cox regression with forward-model selection was used for the multivariate analyses (MVA).

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      The patients had a median age of 58.5 years (range: 38-82) and were predominantly Caucasian (76%) with baseline performance status of 0 (69%). Stage grouping, according to the 7thedition of American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Lung Cancer Staging criteria, was IIIA: 78.5%, T3/4: 43.9%, N2: 74.8%, N3: 8.4%. CRT was delivered concurrently in 98% of the patients. Median radiation dose was 61.2Gy (range 39.6-69.6Gy); 89% receiving ≥60Gy. Radiation technique was (3D) conformal (71.0%) or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) (27.1%). The 30-day and 90-day surgical mortality rates were 4.7% and 7.5%, respectively. At a median follow-up of 30 months (range: 3-186 months), estimated OS and FFR (median/5-year) were 61 months/ 49% and 29 months/ 35%, respectively. On univariate analysis (UVA), age ≥60 (HR, 1.776; 95% CI, 1.084–2.909; P=0.023) and having no health insurance (HR, 3.071; 95% CI, 1.060–8.902; P=0.039; as compared to those with private insurance) predicted for an increased risk of death, while receiving consolidation chemotherapy was associated with improved survival (HR, 0.472; 95% CI, 0.258–0.864; P=0.015). On MVA, age ≥60 was the only characteristic with a continued association with OS (HR, 1.779; 95% CI, 1.056–2.998; P=0.039). On UVA, lack of health insurance was the only predictor of disease recurrence (HR, 6.059; 95% CI, 2.244-16.360; P<0.001).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      In a carefully selected population, full dose neoadjuvant CRT followed by surgery can achieve high OS and FFR even for stage III NSCLC patients, much higher than recent reports of bimodality therapy (RTOG 0617: median OS of 28.7 months and PACIFIC study: median PFS of 16.8 months). Prospective evaluation of high-dose radiation trimodality therapy versus induction chemotherapy alone is warranted.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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