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David E Gerber



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    MA02 - Improving Outcomes for Patients with Lung Cancer (ID 895)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 10:30 - 12:00, Room 201 BD
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      MA02.10 - The First Year of Implementing a Lung Cancer Screening Program in an Urban Safety-Net Health System (ID 13436)

      11:35 - 11:40  |  Author(s): David E Gerber

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Little is known about implementing low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) -based screening for lung cancer in settings that care for minority and underinsured populations. These patients may benefit most from guideline-based screening but may also be least likely to complete this multi-step process.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Parkland Health & Hospital system provides care through a combination of federal, state, and county-supported funding for more than one million, racial/ethnically diverse residents of Dallas County, Texas.

      A systematic protocol for LDCT screening was implemented in February 2017. We report initial screens and follow-up procedures for this first year through June 2018.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      844 LDCTs were ordered; 528 (63%) were completed, 68 (8%) had been scheduled. We detail demographics of completers and non-completers (Table 1) and proportion of LungRADS scores (Figure 1). For every year older, patients are 3% more likely to complete their scan. Of 249 completers requiring some form of follow-up (47%), only 3 required CT biopsy.

      table1_-1.jpgfigure1 (1).jpg

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      While a systematic screening program in an urban safety-net setting generates high volume, a significant percentage of patients do not complete their initial screen. Of those who complete, many require follow-up procedures. More long-term data are needed to understand non-completion trends and subsequent annual screening.

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    MA05 - Improving Outcomes in Locoregional NSCLC II (ID 901)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Treatment of Locoregional Disease - NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 105
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      MA05.01 - E6508: Phase II Study of Immunotherapy with Tecemotide and Bevacizumab after Chemoradiation in Unresectable Stage III NS-NSCLC (ID 13853)

      13:30 - 13:35  |  Author(s): David E Gerber

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Chemoradiation (CRT) is standard of care for unresectable stage III NSCLC. Tecemotide is a MUC1 antigen-specific cancer immunotherapy. Bevacizumab is considered to have a significant role in immune modulation. Immunotherapy in combination with VEGF blockade was tested in this phase II trial combining tecemotide and bevacizumab in patients with stage III NS- NSCLC.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Subjects with stage III NS- NSCLC suitable for definitive CRT received carboplatin(C) AUC 2 + paclitaxel(P) 45 mg/m2 weekly + 66 Gy/33fx/6.5wk and consolidation C AUC 6 + P 225 mg/m2 q21 days x 2. Patients with CR/PR/SD were then registered onto Step 2 (S2). S2 was 6 weekly tecemotide injections followed by q6 weekly injections and bevacizumab 15 mg/kg q3 weeks for up to 34 doses. The primary endpoint was safety of tecemotide and bevacizumab after CRT and consolidation. The proportion of circulating dendritic cells and their expression of CD40, HLA-DR and CD123 (IL-3R) were analyzed by flow cytometry at various time points.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      70 patients were enrolled from Dec 2010 to Oct 2014; 68 started therapy, and 39 completed CRT and consolidation therapy. Reasons for discontinuation included progression (11) and toxicity (10). 33 patients were registered to S2. The median number of S2 cycles was 12 (range 2-34). S2 toxicity: gr 3 N=9 (6 hypertension), gr 4 N=1, gr 5 N=1. Among the treated and eligible patients (n=31), from study entry, the median PFS was 14.3 (95% CI 11.0-22.2), OS was 40.1 (95% CI 21.7-NA) months. A correlative trend of increased expression of CD40 and HLA-DR on CD11c+ cells was observed at cycle 7 (week 21) of S2.

      e6508.patel.png

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      This cooperative group trial met its endpoint, demonstrating tolerability of tecemotide and bevacizumab after CRT and consolidation in NS-NSCLC pts. In this select group of patients, therapy with tecemotide and bevacizumab was associated with encouraging PFS and OS.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    MA14 - Survivorship, Socioeconomic and End-of-Life Considerations (ID 915)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Treatment in the Real World - Support, Survivorship, Systems Research
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 10:30 - 12:00, Room 205 BD
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      MA14.10 - QTc Interval-Prolonging Medications in Lung Cancer: Implications for Clinical Trial Eligibility and Routine Clinical Care (ID 12305)

      11:35 - 11:40  |  Presenting Author(s): David E Gerber

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Concomitant medication use, including agents that prolong the QTc interval, may exclude cancer patients from clinical trials. To estimate potential impact on accrual, we determined the prevalence of QTc-prolonging medication prescriptions in a national patient cohort.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      We identified adult patients in the United States Veterans’ Affairs system diagnosed with lung cancer 2003-2016. QTc-interval prolonging medications and risk category were obtained from CredibleMeds®. We calculated prevalence of prescriptions for QTc-prolonging medications with known or possible risk of torsades de pointes (the most common criteria employed as trial exclusion criteria) in the 3 months up to and including date of cancer diagnosis. Rates across patient groups and time periods were compared using Chi-square test.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      280,068 patients were included in the study. Mean age was 70 years, 98% were male, and 72% were white. Overall, 29.7% were prescribed a QTc-prolonging medication. Patients receiving QTc-prolonging medications were marginally younger (mean age 68.9 years versus 70.9 years; P<0.001) and more likely to be black (14.1% versus 11%; P<0.001). The most commonly prescribed QTc-prolonging medications were antimicrobials (14.0%), psychiatric agents (10.2%), antiemetics (2.6%), and cardiovascular medications (1.7%). Seven percent of patients were prescribed two or more QTc-prolonging medications. Over the period of study, the rate of QTc-prolonging medication use increased 20% (25% in 2004 versus 31% in 2016; P<0.001).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      A substantial and growing proportion of individuals with lung cancer are prescribed QTc-prolonging medications. These prescriptions may limit eligibility for clinical trials and complicate the administration of standard cancer therapies. Given the prevalence of chronic and/or multiple QTc-prolonging medication prescriptions, it may be challenging to address this obstacle to trial enrollment simply through prescription substitution or discontinuation. Further research into the actual clinical risks and optimal management of QTc-prolonging medications in cancer populations is warranted.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    MS07 - Antibody-Drug Conjugates in Advanced NSCLC (ID 786)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Symposium
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 205 BD
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      MS07.01 - Basic Science (ID 11428)

      13:30 - 13:50  |  Presenting Author(s): David E Gerber

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Abstract not provided

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    P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 933)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.01-02 - Long-Term Outcomes with First-Line Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Advanced NSCLC: 3-Year Follow-Up from CheckMate 012 (ID 12380)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): David E Gerber

      • Abstract

      Background

      CheckMate 012 (NCT01454102) is a phase 1 study evaluating several nivolumab monotherapy/combination regimens as first-line treatment for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). CheckMate 012 was the first study to suggest the benefit of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in NSCLC. In the phase 3 study CheckMate 227, nivolumab plus ipilimumab recently demonstrated significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) as well as more frequent, deeper, and more durable responses versus chemotherapy in patients with chemotherapy-naive advanced NSCLC and high tumor mutational burden (TMB). Here, we provide 2-year follow-up results for nivolumab plus ipilimumab from CheckMate 012. Three-year results, the longest follow-up to date for an immuno-oncology combination in NSCLC, will be presented.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Eligible patients had recurrent stage IIIb or stage IV chemotherapy-naive NSCLC and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0–1. Patients received nivolumab 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks plus ipilimumab 1 mg/kg every 12 weeks (n=38) or every 6 weeks (n=39) until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or consent withdrawal; pooled results of these two cohorts are presented. Endpoints included safety/tolerability (primary); objective response rate and PFS (secondary); and overall survival (OS), chemotherapy-free survival (CFS), and efficacy by TMB status (exploratory).

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      With 2 years of follow-up, no new safety signals were observed. Thirty-three of 77 patients (43%) achieved objective responses, including six investigator-assessed complete responses (8%), three of which were complete pathological responses. Responses were durable (median duration of response, not reached; range, 1.4+ to 27.9+ months). The 2-year PFS rate was 29%. At the time of database lock, 32 of 34 patients (94%) with OS ≥2 years were alive, with four (12%) remaining on treatment and progression-free; 14 (41%) were off treatment and progression-free without subsequent therapy. Three-year follow-up results to be presented include OS, PFS, and select data on CFS, efficacy by TMB status, and characteristics of long-term survivors.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      With long-term follow-up, nivolumab plus ipilimumab continued to demonstrate durable clinical benefit and a consistent safety profile as first-line treatment for patients with advanced NSCLC.

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    P1.16 - Treatment of Early Stage/Localized Disease (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 948)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.16-47 - Adjuvant Targeted Therapy Following Standard Adjuvant Therapy for Resected NSCLC: An Initial Report from ALCHEMIST (Alliance A151216) (ID 12828)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): David E Gerber

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      The Adjuvant Lung Cancer Enrichment Marker Identification and Sequencing Trial (ALCHEMIST) was launched in 2014 across the National Clinical Trials Network (NCTN) of the National Cancer Institute (NCI). This trial platform aims to enroll up to 8300 patients with resected high-risk non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to facilitate enrollment to adjuvant targeted therapy trials following completion of standard adjuvant therapy, and to collect biospecimens for clinical and investigational genomics. On 5/1/2016, the study was expanded to include squamous NSCLC and PDL1 testing to facilitate enrollment to a new immunotherapy study.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Eligible patients have completely resected NSCLC, stage IB (>4cm) to IIIA by AJCC 7. Eligibility window extends 75-285 days post-op depending upon receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation. Molecular testing of EGFR, ALK, PDL1 is performed centrally (depending on the histology and testing results) and results are returned to sites within 7-21 days. FFPE tissue and blood are collected by the NCI for genomic analysis. Appropriate patients may then enroll to one of three therapeutic trials studying single agent adjuvant targeted therapy (erlotinib NCT02193282, crizotinib NCT02201992, or nivolumab NCT02595944) versus observation.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      As of March 19, 2018, 2945 patients have been enrolled from 575 sites within the US, with a median enrollment of 98/month (range: 71-133) in 2017. Central molecular testing was completed in 83%-92% of appropriate patients: EGFR L858R/19del was detected in 395 of 2468 patients (16.0%), ALK FISH was positive in 106 of 2458 patients (4.3%), and PDL1 IHC was >1% in 902 of 1464 patients (61.6%). Adequate tissue and blood for whole exome sequencing (WES) was collected on 1928 patients (65.5%), and enrollment plasma (added January 2017) has been collected on 885 patients (30.1%). Of 1960 patients deemed to be eligible for the adjuvant treatment trials with sufficient follow-up, 560 (28.6%) were enrolled; those enrolled were younger (p=0.01) and had higher N stage (<0.01) than those not enrolled. The primary reason for eligible patients not enrolling to treatment trials was lack of interest in further adjuvant therapy (53%).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      ALCHEMIST has achieved an enrollment of ~100 patients/month with resected high-risk NSCLC. This initial report demonstrates the feasibility of central molecular testing for enrollment to adjuvant targeted therapies. Efforts are ongoing to plan clinically-informed genomic analyses of tumor and plasma, as well as the planning of new treatment arms that leverage this ongoing trial platform.

      Support: U10CA180821, U10CA180882, U10CA180820, U10CA180868, U10CA180888; ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02194738

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P2.01 - Advanced NSCLC (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 950)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P2.01-37 - A Ph 1/2 Study of Oral Selective AXL Inhibitor Bemcentinib (BGB324) with Docetaxel in pts with Previously Treated NSCLC (ID 14249)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Presenting Author(s): David E Gerber

      • Abstract

      Background

      AXL is a receptor tyrosine kinase expressed on tumor as well as innate immune cells. AXL regulates multiple cellular processes including tumour cell survival, therapy resistance as well as immunosuppression in the tumour microenvironment. AXL overexpression is an independent negative prognostic factor in NSCLC. Bemcentinib (BGB324) is a phase 2, highly selective, orally bioavailable small molecule AXL kinase inhibitor shown to increase efficacy of chemo-, targeted- and immuno-therapies in NSCLC in vivo models. Preclinically, the combination of bemcentinib with docetaxel was shown to be additive in in vivo models of NSCLC.

      In pts with advanced, pre-treated NSCLC, bemcentinib monotherapy led to disease stabilization in 2 out of 8 pts including evidence of tumor reduction. Clinical benefit including partial responses and disease stabilization in excess of 2 years has been observed in a subset of EGFR therapy resistant previously treated NSCLC pts when treated with bemcentinib in combination with erlotinib. In a study combining bemcentinib with pembrolizumab, objective responses have been reported in pts with previously treated NSCLC.

      The BGBIL005 trial (NCT02922777) is an open label, investigator-initiated dose escalation and expansion trial designed to assess the safety, tolerability, preliminary efficacy and biomarkers of bemcentinib in combination with docetaxel in previously treated NSCLC.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Dose escalation of daily bemcentinib in combination with 60 or 75 mg/m2 q3wks followed a standard 3+3 design in pts with at least one line of prior Pt-based doublet therapy and appropriate targeted therapy if indicated. Tumor responses were assessed per investigator using RECIST v1.1. Plasma protein biomarker levels were measured using the DiscoveryMap v3.3 panel (Myriad RBM) in pts pre-dose and at C2D1.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      As of 30th April, 12 patients have been enrolled. The starting dose of 75 mg/m2 docetaxel and 100 mg daily of bemcentinib led to 2 hematological DLTs, thus recruitment is currently ongoing at 60 mg/m2 docetaxel and 100 mg bemcentinib. Confirmed objective responses have been reported at both dose levels. All pts benefitting had received prior immune checkpoint inhibitor (CPI) therapy and some had been refractory to this treatment. Candidate predictive and pharmacodynamic biomarkers have been identified.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      The combination of bemcentinib and docetaxel is active in pts with advanced NSCLC who progressed on chemotherapy, targeted therapy (where applicable) as well as CPIs.

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    P2.13 - Targeted Therapy (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 962)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P2.13-10 - Ph I/II Study of Oral Selective AXL Inhibitor Bemcentinib (BGB324) in Combination with Erlotinib in pts with EGFRm NSCLC   (ID 14272)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): David E Gerber

      • Abstract

      Background

      Bemcentinib is a first-in-class, oral, selective AXL TKI which is being evaluated as a combination therapy across several phII clinical trials. Increased AXL expression is associated with innate immune suppression and the appearance of resistance to targeted therapies in models of NSCLC and pt samples. AXL inhibition via bemcentinib prevents the appearance of such resistance in vivo and has shown immunomodulatory effect in AML patients.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      This study was designed to confirm the safety and tolerability of bemcentinib as a monotherapy and when administered in combination with erlotinib (arm A). Pts with activating EGFR mutation driven NSCLC who had progressed on an approved EGFR inhibitor (arm B) or were receiving erlotinib in the first line setting (arm C) were treated with bemcentinib at RP2D in combination with full dose erlotinib to evaluate the potential of bemcentinib to reverse or prevent resistance to EGFR targeted therapy, respectively. Plasma protein biomarker levels were measured using the DiscoveryMap v3.3 panel (Myriad RBM) at C1D1 and C2D1.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      2 out of 8 pts (25%) with stage IV disease who received bemcentinib monotherapy achieved SD for close to 1 year including evidence of tumour shrinkage of 19% in 1 pt. 1 pt who had progressed on previous erlotinib monotherapy (12.5%) achieved a PR receiving bemcentinib in combination with erlotinib and remains on treatment well beyond 2 years later (arm A). A further 3 pts had SD at 6 wks. 11 patients (4 female, median age 58; 38-67) were enrolled in arm B and had received a median of 2 (1 - 4) previous lines of cytotoxic chemotherapy and a median of 2 previous EGFR inhibitors. 2 of these 11 pts (18%) including 1 pt who was refractory to erlotinib therapy at the onset of combination therapy remain on treatment more than 6 months into therapy at the time of writing with best responses of PR and SD, respectively. 1 further pt had SD at 6 weeks. The most common treatment-related AEs have been gastrointestinal and rash.There was no evidence of any impact of bemcentinib on erlotinib pharmacokinetics. Protein biomarkers predictive of pt benefit following bemcentinib treatment were identified.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Bemcentinib can be safely administered in combination with erlotinib to pts with NSCLC and achieves additional benefit in a proportion of patients who do not have T790M and have progressed on EGFR inhibition or are maintained on erlotinib alone. Clinical trial information: NCT02424617.

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