Virtual Library

Start Your Search

Sanjay Popat



Author of

  • +

    ES06 - Oligometastatic Disease (ID 774)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Educational Session
    • Track: Oligometastatic NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 10:30 - 12:00, Room 202 BD
    • +

      ES06.02 - Integrating New Systemic Therapy into Trials in OMD (ID 11375)

      10:50 - 11:10  |  Presenting Author(s): Sanjay Popat

      • Abstract

      Abstract not provided

  • +

    MA04 - Novel Approaches with IO (ID 900)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Immunooncology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 107
    • +

      MA04.03 - Immunotherapy for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancers (NSCLC) with Oncogenic Driver Mutations: New Results from the Global IMMUNOTARGET Registry (ID 13187)

      13:40 - 13:45  |  Author(s): Sanjay Popat

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Prospective data on immunotherapy for NSCLC with oncogenic driver mutations are limited. We recently reported first results from the global IMMUNOTARGET registry (Mazières, ASCO 2018). Here, we present new data for PD-L1 and mutation subgroups.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      In 2017, we started an international retrospective registry study ("IMMUNOTARGET") for patients with advanced NSCLC, known driver mutations (KRAS, EGFR, ALK, ROS1, BRAF, HER2, MET and RET) and PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. The registry is approved by University of Toulouse and Swissethics, and funded by University of Toulouse and Cantonal Hospital of Lucerne. Anonymized real-world data submitted to the coordinating center include: patient and tumor characteristics, mutation test methods and results, systemic therapy lines, immune related adverse events, best response by RECIST, survival, and tumor PD-L1 expression (optional). Statistical calculations including best response, median PFS and OS are done at University of Toulouse.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      In April 2018, the registry included 551 pts from Europe, USA, Israel and Australia. Patients were 50% male/female, 28% current smokers, median age 60 years (range 28-83), 85% had PS0/1. Most (73%) tumors were stage IV at diagnosis, almost all (96%) were adenocarcinomas. Molecular classification by dominant driver mutation: KRAS=271 (49%), EGFR=125 (23%), BRAF=43 (8%), MET=36 (7%), HER2=29 (5%), ALK=23 (4%), RET=16 (3%), ROS1=7 (1%), 1 (0.2%) not classified (ALK+RET+MET). Most pts received nivolumab (466) or pembrolizumab (48) and were treated with immunotherapy in second or third line (67%). The median number of cycles was 5 (range 1-68). Fifty (11%) pts had grade 3-5 toxicity. Median OS from start of immunotherapy was 13.3 months, median PFS was 2.8 months. Best response was PR/CR in: KRAS=26%, BRAF=24%, ROS1=17%, MET=16%, EGFR=12%, HER2=7%, RET=6%, ALK=0%. Percentage of PD-L1 positive cells was available for 177 pts: 0%=71 (40%), 1-49%=46 (26%), 50-100%=60 (34%). Median % of positive cells was highest for ROS1 (90%), BRAF (50%), MET (30%) and RET (26%) mutant tumors. PD-L1 positivity was predictive for improved PFS in KRAS and EGFR mutant tumors. PD-L1 status was known in 18 tumors with ALK, ROS1 or RET rearrangements: 5 had 0%, 4 had 1-49% and 9 had 50%-100%. No tumor remissions were observed in this subgroup. The registry remains open, updated results will be presented at the conference.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Although response rates were lower than in KRAS mutant NSCLC, individual tumors with other driver mutations responded to immunotherapy. PD-L1 expression may not accurately predict clinical benefit from immunotherapy in some molecular subgroups, better markers are needed.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

      Only Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login, select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout. If you would like to become a member of IASLC, please click here.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

  • +

    MA21 - Molecular Subtyping, CBL3, and Non Coding RNA (ID 924)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Biology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 15:15 - 16:45, Room 205 BD
    • +

      MA21.03 - Heterogeneity in MET Copy Number and Intratumoural Subsets in Pleomorphic Lung Carcinoma: Implications for MET Directed Therapy in NSCLC (ID 13061)

      15:25 - 15:30  |  Author(s): Sanjay Popat

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Pleomorphic Lung Carcinoma (PC) is a rare subtype of NSCLC poorly responsive to systemic therapy. Both epithelial and sarcomatoid phenotypes exist, suggesting an important role of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. We aimed to determine MET copy number (CN) within individual tumour components and establish its correlation with immunohistochemistry (IHC) expression.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Histopathological assessment and diagnosis was confirmed for 57 cases of resected PCs from the Royal Brompton Hospital Biobank. DNA was isolated from multiple regions and MET copy number determined by digital droplet PCR (ddPCR). IHC using c-MET (EP1454Y) and H-scores were assigned independently by two histopathologists.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Cases: median age 66 years, 36.2% T3, 41.4% T2 and 13.8% T1. In the epithelial areas, adenocarcinoma was the most common (45.6%) followed by undifferentiated NSCLC (22.8%) and squamous (17.5%): in pleomorphic areas, mixed giant/spindle cell (35%), spindle cell (31%) and giant cell (26%). MET-CN gain by ddPCR was seen in 25/58 (44%) of cases (CN>2.3). 3/58 (5%) had CN>5. There was a significantly higher MET-CN in pleomorphic compared to epithelial areas (2.7 versus 2.2 P = 0.046). While this did not correlate with c-MET IHC, an H-score of >223 had 75% sensitivity and 52.4% specificity for MET-CN >5.0 (Figure).

      met expression in pc2.png

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      There is intra-tumoral heterogeneity in MET-CN between tumoural subsets. This may account for the development of pleomorphic phenotypes in PC. Consequently MET-directed therapies such as crizotinib may be highly effective only against the MET-amplified component in PC and may not impact on overall tumoural control due to minimal efficacy in the non-amplified epithelial component. MET expression using IHC does not correlate with MET-CN determined by ddPCR, although may provide a screening tool for MET amplification. MET aberrations are potentially druggable and therefore this has implications for sampling and MET testing.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

      Only Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login, select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout. If you would like to become a member of IASLC, please click here.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

  • +

    P1.13 - Targeted Therapy (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 945)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/24/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
    • +

      P1.13-17 - Multicentre Phase II Trial of First-Line Afatinib in Patients with Suspected/Confirmed EGFR Mutant NSCLC: ctDNA & Long-Term Efficacy (ID 11908)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Sanjay Popat

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Efficacy of afatinib in EGFR mutant patients with comorbidities or those with suspected EGFR mutations unfit for chemotherapy is poorly explored. We evaluated afatinib in this population, with serial plasma ctDNA to investigate the role of molecular EGFR genotyping and monitoring.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Phase-II trial enrolled NSCLC patients with comorbidities precluding chemotherapy, and either (i) EGFR-mutation, PS 0-3, or (ii) suspected EGFR-mutation (tissue unavailable/failed genotyping), never/former-light smoker, adenocarcinoma, and PS 0-2. Afatinib (40mg daily) given until progression/toxicity. Blood samples obtained at baseline and 12-weekly until discontinuation; plasma ctDNA performed using InVisionSeq™ (amplicon-based NGS).

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      39 patients recruited (14 UK centres). Median age 72 years; 27 PS 0-1/12 PS 2-3. 21 patients (54%) had known tissue EGFR-mutations. Additional 8 patients with unknown tissue status (8/17;47%), were ctDNA EGFR-mutant, making 74% EGFR-mutant in total (29/39). Combined tissue and ctDNA data identified 21 patients with common mutations (exon 19/L858R), 8 with rare mutations (exon 18/20), and 10 suspected only. Corresponding median PFS of these cohorts were 10.2/3.9/5.3 months, with 6-month PFS of 71/38/50% all exceeding the 30% target; median OS were 24.8/5.7/11.4 months (p<0.001). Therefore, all patient groups benefitted; known EGFR-mutants having best outcomes. In April 2018, 5/39 patients survived >36 months, including 4/39 progression-free (median follow-up 33 months, maximum 55). Patients with ctDNA mutation clearance during afatinib treatment had substantially improved outcomes compared to those without clearance (Figure). 40% (4/10) of mutant cases who discontinued after 3 cycles because of progressive disease developed an exon 20 EGFR-mutation.

      timelyresults2.jpg

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Patients unsuitable for chemotherapy with confirmed/suspected EGFR-mutations by tissue or ctDNA benefit from afatinib. Serial ctDNA is a potentially useful stratification and monitoring tool; amplicon-based ctDNA analysis can identify EGFR mutations when tissue is unavailable. Exon 20 mutations were observed at acquired resistance. ctDNA clearance during afatinib treatment is strongly associated with better PFS/OS.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

  • +

    P2.06 - Mesothelioma (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 955)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
    • +

      P2.06-41 - Differentiating Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma from Pleomorphic Carcinoma and Chest Wall Sarcoma Using GATA-3/MUC4/BAP1 IHC (ID 12694)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Sanjay Popat

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Current immunohistochemistry (IHC) biomarkers, or so-called “mesothelial markers”, lack sensitivity and specificity in differentiating sarcomatoid mesothelioma from pleomorphic carcinoma of the lung, and poorly differentiated chest wall sarcoma. Hence it frequently poses a diagnostic challenge for pulmonary pathologists. In this pilot study we evaluated the diagnostic performance of two recently proposed IHC biomarkers, GATA-3 and MUC4, in conjunction with BAP1.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Sarcomatoid mesothelioma or sarcomatoid- predominant biphasic mesothelioma (10 cases), pleomorphic carcinoma of the lung (10 cases) and poorly differentiated primary or metastatic chest wall or pleural sarcoma (10 cases) were retrieved from our diagnostic archive. Resections or large biopsies were selected over small biopsies whenever possible. All the cases were diagnosed between 2009 and 2017 by a specialist pulmonary pathologist and discussed at the local multi-disciplinary team meeting in relation to final diagnosis. Whole slide GATA-3 (L50-823, pre-diluted), MUC4 (8G7, 1:50) and BAP1 (C-4, 1:50) immunohistochemistry was performed using Ventana Benchmark ULTRA system. Lymphocytes (GATA-3/BAP1) and bronchiolar epithelium (MUC4) were used as internal positive controls. Loss of GATA-3/BAP1 and MUC4 staining was defined as complete loss of nuclear or membrane & cytoplasmic signals, respectively. Any staining intensity above the external negative controls was accepted as positive. Extent of positive staining was grouped as <1%, 1-50% and >50%.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      GATA-3 was positive in 8/10 sarcomatoid mesothelioma, 6/10 chest wall/pleural sarcoma and 2/10 pleomorphic carcinoma of the lung. MUC4 positivity was observed exclusively in pleomorphic carcinoma of the lung (6/10), but only focally. BAP1 loss was infrequently observed in all three types of tumours.

      wclc figure 1 jpeg.jpg

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      The combination of GATA-3 and MUC4 immunohistochemistry show promise as markers that would help in distinguishing these three tumours. The role of BAP1 is uncertain. These pilot results warrant an extended study that consists of a larger cohort to evaluate the utility of these biomarkers.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

  • +

    PL02 - Presidential Symposium - Top 5 Abstracts (ID 850)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Plenary Session
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 2
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 08:15 - 09:45, Plenary Hall
    • +

      PL02.03 - Brigatinib vs Crizotinib in Patients With ALK Inhibitor-Naive Advanced ALK+ NSCLC: First Report of a Phase 3 Trial (ALTA-1L) (ID 11155)

      08:30 - 08:40  |  Author(s): Sanjay Popat

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Brigatinib has robust efficacy in crizotinib-resistant ALK+ NSCLC, exhibiting median progression-free survival (mPFS) of 16.7 months. We report results of the first interim analysis from the ALTA-1L study of brigatinib vs crizotinib in ALK TKI-naive, ALK+ NSCLC (NCT02737501).

      This open-label, multicenter study enrolled patients with stage IIIB/IV ALK+ NSCLC based on local ALK testing (FDA approved/other). Eligible patients had ECOG PS 0–2, ≤1 prior systemic therapy for locally advanced/metastatic NSCLC, and no prior ALK inhibitor. Asymptomatic CNS metastases were allowed. All patients had systematic CNS imaging. Patients were randomized 1:1 to brigatinib 180 mg QD with 7-day lead-in at 90 mg or crizotinib 250 mg BID. Primary endpoint: blinded independent review committee (BIRC)-assessed PFS (RECIST v1.1). Secondary efficacy endpoints included BIRC-assessed objective response rate (ORR), intracranial ORR (iORR), and intracranial PFS (iPFS). Interim analyses were planned at 50% and 75% of planned PFS events (n=198).

      275 patients were randomized (brigatinib/crizotinib, n=137/138); median age (years) 58/60. 26%/27% received prior chemotherapy for advanced disease, and 29%/30% had baseline brain metastases. At data cut-off (19 February 2018), median follow-up brigatinib/crizotinib: 11.0/9.25 months; with 99 PFS events, brigatinib met the prespecified threshold for statistical superiority vs crizotinib in the primary endpoint, BIRC-assessed PFS (HR 0.49, 95% CI 0.33–0.74, log-rank P=0.0007); brigatinib mPFS was not reached (95% CI NR–NR) vs crizotinib 9.8 months (95% CI 9.0–12.9). Investigator-assessed PFS HR 0.45 (95% CI 0.30–0.68), log-rank P=0.0001. Table shows additional efficacy data. Most common treatment-emergent AEs grade ≥3: brigatinib: increased CPK (16.2%), increased lipase (13.2%), hypertension (9.6%); crizotinib: increased ALT (9.5%), AST (5.8%), and lipase (5.1%). Any grade ILD/pneumonitis: brigatinib, 3.7%; crizotinib, 2.2%. Discontinuations due to AE (brigatinib/crizotinib): 11.8%/8.8%.

      Brigatinib showed a statistically and clinically significant improvement in PFS compared with crizotinib in ALK inhibitor–naive ALK+ NSCLC.

      BIRC-Assessed Endpoint, %

      Brigatinib

      (n=137)

      Crizotinib

      (n=138)

      P-Value
      All patients
      ORRa 76 (68–83b) 73 (65–80b)
      Confirmed ORR 71 (62–78b) 60 (51–68b) 0.0678
      With any intracranial CNS metastases
      (n=43) (n=47)
      iORRa 79 (64–90b) 23 (12–38b)
      Confirmed iORR 67 (51–81b) 17 (8–31b) <0.0001
      Median iPFS, months NR (11–NRb) 6 (4–9b)
      1-year iPFS 67 (47–80b) 21 (6–42b)
      HR 0.27 (0.13–0.54) <0.0001c
      With measurable intracranial CNS metastases
      (n=18) (n=21)
      iORRa 83 (59–96b) 33 (15–57b)
      Confirmed iORR 78 (52–94b) 29 (11–52b) 0.0028
      aResponse, ≥1 assessment; b95% CI; cLog-rank.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419

      Only Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login, select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout. If you would like to become a member of IASLC, please click here.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

    • +

      PL02.09 - Nintedanib + Pemetrexed/Cisplatin in Patients with Unresectable MPM: Phase III Results from the LUME-Meso Trial (ID 11192)

      09:15 - 09:25  |  Author(s): Sanjay Popat

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Nintedanib targets VEGFR 1–3, PDGFR α/β, FGFR 1–3, Src and Abl kinases, all implicated in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) pathophysiology. This global Phase II/III, randomised, double-blind study investigated pemetrexed/cisplatin in combination with nintedanib or pemetrexed/cisplatin in combination with placebo, followed by nintedanib or placebo maintenance, in patients with unresectable MPM. In the double-blind, randomised Phase II part, nintedanib plus pemetrexed/cisplatin improved PFS vs placebo (HR=0.56; 95% CI: 0.34–0.91; p=0.017; median 9.4 vs 5.7 months).

      In Phase III, chemotherapy-naïve patients with epithelioid MPM (ECOG PS 0–1) were randomised 1:1 to receive up to six cycles of pemetrexed (500 mg/m2)/cisplatin (75 mg/m2) on Day 1, plus nintedanib (200 mg bid) or matched placebo on Days 2–21. After combination treatment, patients without disease progression received nintedanib or placebo maintenance. The primary endpoint (PFS by investigator assessment) and key secondary endpoint (OS) were planned to be analysed by hierarchical testing, with an interim OS analysis at the time of the primary PFS analysis. PFS was also assessed by independent central review. Based on the assumed treatment effect (HR=0.63), the study had 90% power to detect a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in PFS.

      In total, 458 patients were randomised. Baseline patient characteristics and oncological history were similar between treatment arms. Median duration of nintedanib or placebo administration was 5.3 and 5.1 months, respectively. After 250 events, there was no difference in PFS between nintedanib and placebo arms (HR=1.01; 95% CI: 0.79–1.30; p=0.91; median 6.8 vs 7.0 months, respectively). PFS by central independent review was similar (242 events; HR=0.99; 95% CI: 0.77–1.28; p=0.96; median 6.8 months in each arm). In the interim OS analysis (127 deaths [28% of events]), median OS was 14.4 vs 16.1 months (nintedanib vs placebo; HR=1.12; 95% CI: 0.79–1.58; p=0.54). There were no unexpected safety findings. The proportion of patients with Grade ≥3 AEs was higher with nintedanib than with placebo (72% vs 62%). The most frequently reported Grade ≥3 AE by medical concept in both treatment arms was neutropenia (nintedanib: 32%; placebo: 24%). The proportion of deaths due to serious AEs was 4.0% (nintedanib) and 7.5% (placebo).

      The primary endpoint of the Phase III part of LUME-Meso was not met ‒ Phase II findings were not confirmed. The reported safety profile was consistent with the known safety profiles of nintedanib and pemetrexed/cisplatin.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419

      Only Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login, select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout. If you would like to become a member of IASLC, please click here.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.