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ESMO-IASLC Best Abstracts (ID 61)
- Event: ELCC 2018
- Type: Best Abstract session
- Presentations: 1
129O - EGFR-TKIs plus local therapy demonstrated survival benefit than TKIs alone in EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients with oligometastatic or oligoprogressive liver metastases (ID 166)
16:45 - 18:30 | Presenting Author(s): T. Jiang
Our previous study demonstrated that liver metastases (LM) were the negative predictive and prognostic factor in EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients (Pts) treated with EGFR-TKIs, suggesting that additional treatment is warranted. Recently, several studies reported that local therapy could significantly improve progression-free survival (PFS) in NSCLC Pts with oligometastatic or oligoprogressive disease. This study aimed to investigate whether addition of local therapy to EGFR-TKIs could provide survival benefit in EGFR-mutant NSCLC Pts with oligometastatic or oligoprogressive LM.
Pts with EGFR-mutant NSCLC and LM were included. Oligometastatic LM was defined as <5 sites in liver without extrahepatic metastases at initial diagnosis. Oligoprogressive LM was defined as <5 sites in liver without extrahepatic metastases during TKIs therapy. For oligoprogressive cohort, PFS1 was calculated from time of initiation of TKI therapy to first RECIST 1.1 defined progress disease (PD) or death. PFS2 was calculated from time of initiation of TKI therapy to off-TKI PD.
289 Pts with LM were enrolled (55 with oligometastatic LM and 63 with oligoprogressive LM). In oligometastatic cohort, 18 Pts received EGFR-TKIs (E) and 21 Pts received TKIs plus local therapy (E + LT) as first-line treatment. Median PFS was significantly longer in E + LT group than in E group (12.2 vs. 7.9 m, P = 0.030). Median OS was numerically longer in E + LT group than in E group (31.7 vs. 21.3 m, P = 0.102). In oligoprogressive cohort, 19 Pts received continuation of TKIs plus local therapy (cE + LT) and 22 Pts received switch therapy (ST). Median PFS1 was comparable. Median PFS2 was dramatically longer in cE + LT group than in ST group (13.9 vs. 8.8 m, P = 0.050). Median OS was marginally significantly longer in cE + LT group than in ST group (24.7 vs. 15.7 m, P = 0.085). Multivariate analysis revealed that addition of local therapy was independently associated with prolonged PFS and OS in Pts with oligometastatic LM.
The current study indicated that EGFR-TKIs plus local therapy demonstrated the prolonged survival benefit than TKIs alone in EGFR-mutant NSCLC Pts with oligometastatic or oligoprogressive LM.
Clinical trial identification:
Legal entity responsible for the study:
Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital
Has not received any funding
All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
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