Start Your Search
Poster Display session (Friday) (ID 65)
- Event: ELCC 2018
- Type: Poster Display session
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 4/13/2018, 12:30 - 13:00, Hall 1
66P - PALB2 mRNA expression as a predictive marker in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients (p) treated with docetaxel-cisplatin (ID 405)
12:30 - 13:00 | Author(s): C. Camps
PALB2, the partner and localizer of BRCA2, binds directly to BRCA1 and is essential for homologous recombination repair and, henceforth, could influence the effect of docetaxel-cisplatin therapy. Previous studies have shown that PALB2 impedes the degradation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) through the binding and sequestration of its inhibitor Kelch-like ECH-associated protein (KEAP1). Over-expression of NRF2 could activate NOTCH signaling and lead to enrichment of cancer stem cells. In the current study, we examine the mRNA levels of PALB2 in advanced NSCLC p treated with docetaxel-cisplatin.
We assessed PALB2 mRNA levels as potential biomarkers in tumor tissue from 177 cisplatin plus docetaxel-treated NSCLC p from the NCT00617656/GECP-BREC trial. The relationship of the PALB2 mRNA levels with the PFS, OS and response were examined.
Median age 62; 79.1% male; 51.4% adenocarcinoma. Results of PALB2 mRNA expression were as follows: PFS was 5.6 months (m) for p with high/intermediate (H-I) PALB2 and 4.1 m for p with low (L) PALB2 (p = 0.0018). OS was 13.2 m for p with H-I PALB2 compared to 9.9 for p with L PALB2 (p = 0.0377). In the univariate analysis, H-I PALB2 was a marker of longer PFS (HR = 0.56, 95% CI, 0.38, 0.80; p = 0.002) and OS (HR = 0.64, 95% CI, 0.41, 0.98; p = 0.0394). In the multivariate analysis, only H-I PALB2 was associated with longer PFS (here HR = 0.56 and p = 0.0022) and OS (HR = 0.61 and p = 0.0343). Among 143 p with data for response and PALB2 expression, 49.5% of p with H-I PALB2 were responders, compared to only 28% with L PALB2 (p = 0.0131).
Higher PALB2 mRNA levels were associated with higher response, longer PFS and OS in NSCLC p treated with docetaxel-cisplatin. However, PALB2 could also be a readout of NRF2 activity and NOTCH signaling, indicative of an increase in cancer stem cells, providing hints for combinatory therapy with gamma secretase inhibitors to prevent the increase of stem-like cells and further improve outcome to docetaxel-cisplatin therapy. Experiments in NSCLC cell lines are ongoing.
Clinical trial identification:
Legal entity responsible for the study:
IGTP, Germans Trias i Pujol Research Institute, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain
Fundació Obra Social “La Caixa”
All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.