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Poster Display session (Friday) (ID 65)
- Event: ELCC 2018
- Type: Poster Display session
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 4/13/2018, 12:30 - 13:00, Hall 1
23P - Genomic profiling of gene aberrations in 323 Chinese NSCLC patients (ID 203)
12:30 - 13:00 | Author(s): Y. Guan
Therapeutic approaches to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have shifted toward an emphasis on molecularly targeted therapy in genotypic subsets of patients such as EGFR, ALK, ROS1. Patients with driver mutations receiving matched target drugs could have significantly longer progression free and overall survival. In this study, we aimed to analyse the genomic alterations of NSCLC.
Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor samples of 323 Chinese NSCLC patients including 193 males (59.75%) and 130 females (40.25%) with a median age of 58 were collected for next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based 59-genes panel assay. Genomic alterations including single base substitution, short and long insertions/deletions, copy number variations, and gene fusions in selected genes were assessed.
Different histological subtypes of adenocarcinoma (278/323, 86.07%), squamous carcinoma (32/323, 9.91%), mixed carcinoma (7/323, 2.17%) and large cell carcinoma (6/323, 1.86%) were included in the Chinese NSCLC cohort. The top ranked genomic alterations were TP53 (182/323, 56.35%), EGFR (133/323, 41.18%), MSH2(51/323, 15.79%), TSC2 (46/323, 14.24%), MSH6 (30/323, 9.29%), ALK fusions (28/323, 8.67%), MET (22/323, 6.81%), KRAS (22/323, 6.81%), BRAF (20/323, 6.19%), PIK3CA (18/323, 5.57%), HER2 (16/323, 4.95%), ROS1 fusions (9/323, 2.79%), and RET fusions (8/323, 2.48%), which makes up 90.40% of the 323 patients with at least one driver mutation. In addition to common driver mutations, rare mutation types such as HIP1-ALK, CEP72-ROS1, RAD18-ROS1 and FGFR3-TACC3 were also detected by deep sequencing assay.
With the help of NGS, our study revealed the landscape of driver gene mutations in 323 Chinese NSCLC patients, and we also found the most target locations that might be treated by targeted therapies. Further studies may emerge whether concurrent mutations, mutation burden and the number of actionable mutation are associated with survival outcome in NSCLC.
Clinical trial identification:
Legal entity responsible for the study:
Has not received any funding
All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
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