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Nicolas Girard



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    GR01 - Thymic Malignancies Tumor Board (ID 777)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Grand Rounds Session
    • Track: Thymoma/Other Thoracic Malignancies
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 10:30 - 12:00, Room 206 F
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      GR01.04 - Medical Oncology (ID 11389)

      11:15 - 11:30  |  Presenting Author(s): Nicolas Girard

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Abstract not provided

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    MA25 - Oligometastasis: Defining, Treating, and Evaluating (ID 929)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Oligometastatic NSCLC
    • Presentations: 2
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/26/2018, 13:30 - 15:00, Room 203 BD
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      MA25.01 - EORTC Lung Cancer Group Survey to Define Synchronous Oligometastatic Disease in NSCLC (ID 13770)

      13:30 - 13:35  |  Author(s): Nicolas Girard

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Synchronous oligometastasic disease (sOMD) has been described as a separate disease entity; however there is no consensus on what specific criteria constitutes sOMD in NSCLC. A consensus group (CG) was formed aiming to agree on a common sOMD definition (sOMD-d) that could be used in future clinical trials. A European survey was circulated to inform the discussion on sOMD-d.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      An EORTC Lung Cancer Group (LCG) / sOMD-d CG survey containing 31 questions on sOMD-d was distributed between 14/12/17 and 19/02/18 to EORTC LCG, sOMD-d CG, and several European thoracic oncology societies’ members.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      444 responses were analyzed (radiation oncologist: 55% [n=242], pulmonologist: 15% [n=66], medical oncologist: 14% [n=64]; 78% with >5 years’ experience in treating NSCLC). Belgium (14%, n=62), Italy (12%, n=55), Germany (11%, n=47), and Netherlands (10%, n=44) contributed most. 81% (n=361) physicians aimed to cure sOMD NSCLC patients and 82% (n=361) included the possibility to treat the patient with radical intent in their sOMD-d. The maximum number of metastases considered in sOMD-d varied: 19%, 42%, 4%, and 17% replied <2, 3, 4, and >5 metastases, respectively. 79% (n=353) stated that the number of organs involved was important for sOMD-d, and most (80%, n=355) considered that only <3 involved organs (excluding primary) should be included in the definition. 317 (71.7%) allowed mediastinal lymph node involvement (MLN) in the sOMD-d, and 22.1% of them counted MLN as a metastatic site. For 195/327 (60%), when N2/N3 disease is included in the sOMD-d, there is no specific issue regarding the MLN volume/location as long as radical treatment is possible. 384 (86%) considered pulmonary metastasis (outside primary tumor: M1a) as metastatic site. Most physicians confirmed sOMD patients with brain MRI (91%, n=403) and PET-CT (98%, n=437). For mediastinum staging, most (64%, n=285) respondents stated that histology/cytology should be obtained when PET-CT shows suspected lymph nodes or in case of a central primary tumor. Pathology proof of metastatic disease was necessary in sOMD for 315 (71%) physicians, and 37% (n=163) acknowledged that histology should be obtained from at least from one metastatic site. Preferred primary outcome parameter in clinical trials of sOMD was overall survival (73%, n=325).

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Although certain consensual answers were obtained (81% aimed to cure and >90% mandated baseline imaging with PET-CT and brain MRI), a number of issues remain unresolved and will require further discussion by a panel of experts to agree on a sOMD-d.

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      MA25.02 - Searching for a Definition of Synchronous Oligometastatic (sOMD)-NSCLC: A Consensus from Thoracic Oncology Experts (ID 13452)

      13:40 - 13:45  |  Author(s): Nicolas Girard

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Recent prospective single centre studies reported improved outcomes in patients with sOMD-NSCLC who were treated with radical intent. Since then sOMD has been perceived as a separate disease entity. However, a clear definition of sOMD-NSCLC is lacking. We aimed to develop a definition and diagnostic criteria of sOMD-NSCLC following a consensus process.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      A European multidisciplinary consensus group was established with representatives from different scientific societies. Consensus questions were extracted from a survey, case series and a systematic review. The questions were discussed, and the statement formulated during a consensus meeting in Dublin (23.01.18).

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Summary of consensus statement

      Defining sOMD-NSCLC

      Definition of sOMD is relevant for patients in whom a radical treatment is technically feasible with acceptable toxicity, taking into account all sites, that may modify the course of the disease leading to a long-term disease control.

      All sites must be technically and safely treatable.

      The maximum number of metastases/organs meeting the criteria involved will depend on the possibility of offering a treatment strategy with radical intent, taking into account local control and toxicity. Based on the systematic review, a maximum of 5 metastases and 3 organs is proposed.

      Diffuse serosal metastases and bone marrow involvement are excluded.

      Mediastinal lymph node (MLN) involvement should be considered as locoregional disease in the definition of sOMD-NSCLC.

      MLN involvement is of importance in determining if a radical local treatment of the primary tumour may be applied and the MLN will not be counted as a metastatic site.

      Staging of sOMD-NSCLC

      PET-CT and brain imaging are considered mandatory.

      In case of a solitary liver metastasis a dedicated MRI of the liver and for a solitary pleural metastasis, thoracoscopy and biopsies of distant ipsilateral pleural sites are advised.

      Staging of the mediastinum requires a minimum of a FDG-PET scan, with pathological confirmation preferred if this influences the treatment strategy.

      Pathological proof is required unless the MDT decides that the risk outweighs the benefit. Pathology proof is advised for single metastatic location and if it may change the therapeutic strategy, confirmation of the MLN involvement is recommended.

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      A multidisciplinary consensus statement on the definition and staging of sOMD-NSCLC was formulated taking into account results of a European survey, a systematic review and case discussion. This statement might be helpful to standardise inclusion criteria in future clinical trials. However, the definition of sOMD may change over time when more prospective data will become available.

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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    P2.16 - Treatment of Early Stage/Localized Disease (Not CME Accredited Session) (ID 965)

    • Event: WCLC 2018
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/25/2018, 16:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P2.16-03 - CheckMate 816: A Phase 3 Trial of Neoadjuvant Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab or Chemotherapy vs Chemotherapy in Early-Stage NSCLC (ID 12599)

      16:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Nicolas Girard

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Approximately 20–25% of patients with NSCLC are diagnosed with early or localized disease, which has a relapse rate of 30–80% with surgery. Although neoadjuvant chemotherapy can reduce the risk of relapse, it only provides a pathological complete response (pCR; no viable tumor cells) rate of 4%. The neoadjuvant setting presents abundant tumor-associated neoantigens derived from the primary tumor that may allow immunotherapy to prime a long-lasting immune response. Clinical trial results support the use of immuno-oncology agents as neoadjuvant treatment for early-stage NSCLC. In a pilot study in patients with untreated, surgically resectable early-stage (stage I–IIIA) NSCLC, nivolumab (a fully human PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitor antibody) administered as neoadjuvant treatment (3 mg/kg for 2 cycles during the 4 weeks prior to surgery) induced a pCR in 10% of patients and a major pathological response (MPR; ≤10% residual viable tumor cells in resected primary tumor) in 45% of patients, did not delay surgery, and was associated with an acceptable safety profile. Combining immuno-oncology agents with distinct mechanisms of action, such as PD-1 and CTLA-4 inhibitors, offers the possibility of a synergistic response and may improve antitumor activity compared with either agent alone. The combination of an immuno-oncology agent and chemotherapy may also offer synergistic activity, given that chemotherapy results in tumor cell death and subsequent antigen release that can activate an immune response. Promising results have been noted with nivolumab plus ipilimumab (a CTLA-4 immune checkpoint inhibitor antibody) and nivolumab plus chemotherapy in patients with treatment-naïve stage IIIB/IV NSCLC in the multicohort phase 1 CheckMate 012 study. CheckMate 816 (NCT02998528) is a phase 3 study evaluating nivolumab plus ipilimumab, nivolumab plus platinum-doublet chemotherapy, and platinum-doublet chemotherapy as neoadjuvant treatment for early-stage NSCLC.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Method

      Approximately 642 patients aged ≥18 years with early-stage (stages IB–IIIA) resectable NSCLC, ECOG performance status 0–1, pulmonary function capable of tolerating lung resection, and available lung tumor tissue will be enrolled in North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. Patients are ineligible if they have active autoimmune disease or had received prior treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Patients will be randomized (1:1:1) to receive neoadjuvant nivolumab plus ipilimumab, nivolumab plus platinum-doublet chemotherapy, or platinum-doublet chemotherapy. Primary endpoints are event-free survival and pCR. Key secondary endpoints are overall survival and MPR (<10% residual tumor in lung and lymph nodes). The start date was January 2017. The estimated primary completion date is May 2023.

      4c3880bb027f159e801041b1021e88e8 Result

      Section not applicable

      8eea62084ca7e541d918e823422bd82e Conclusion

      Section not applicable

      6f8b794f3246b0c1e1780bb4d4d5dc53

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