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J. Fiore



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    OA 17 - Immunotherapy II (ID 683)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Oral
    • Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
    • Presentations: 1
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      OA 17.01 - Pemetrexed-Carboplatin Plus Pembrolizumab as First-Line Therapy for Advanced Nonsquamous NSCLC: KEYNOTE-021 Cohort G Update (ID 9059)

      14:30 - 16:15  |  Author(s): J. Fiore

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Cohort G of the multicenter, open-label, phase 1/2 KEYNOTE-021 study (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02039674) evaluated efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab + pemetrexed and carboplatin (PC) compared with PC alone as first-line therapy for patients with advanced nonsquamous NSCLC. At the primary analysis of cohort G (minimum follow up, 6 months; median, 10.6 months), pembrolizumab significantly improved ORR (estimated treatment difference, 26%; P=0.0016) and PFS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.53; P=0.010). The HR for OS was 0.90 (95% CI, 0.42‒1.91). In a subsequent analysis (median follow-up, 14.5 months), the HR for OS was 0.69 (95% CI, 0.36‒1.31). We present results from the May 31, 2017 data cutoff.

      Method:
      Patients with stage IIIB/IV nonsquamous NSCLC, no prior systemic therapy, and no EGFR mutation or ALK translocation were randomized 1:1 (stratified by PD-L1 TPS ≥1% versus <1%) to receive 4 cycles of carboplatin AUC 5 + pemetrexed 500 mg/m[2] Q3W with or without pembrolizumab 200 mg Q3W. Pembrolizumab treatment continued for up to 2 years; maintenance pemetrexed was permitted in both arms. Eligible patients in the PC arm with radiologic progression could cross over to pembrolizumab monotherapy. Response was assessed by blinded, independent central review per RECIST v1.1. All P values are nominal (one-sided P<0.025).

      Result:
      123 patients were randomized. Median follow-up was 18.7 months (range, 0.8‒29.0 months). 40 of 53 (75%) patients in the PC arm who discontinued received subsequent anti-PD-1/anti-PD-L1 therapy (including 25 who received pembrolizumab in the on-study cross over). ORR was 57% with pembrolizumab + PC versus 32% with PC (estimated difference, 25%; 95% CI, 7%‒41%; P=0.0029). PFS was significantly improved with pembrolizumab + PC versus PC (HR, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.33‒0.88; P=0.0067) with median (95% CI) PFS of 19.0 (8.5‒NR) months versus 8.9 (6.2‒11.8) months. The HR for OS was 0.59 (95% CI, 0.34‒1.05; P=0.0344). Median (95% CI) OS was not reached (22.8‒NR) months for pembrolizumab + PC and 20.9 (14.9‒NR) months for PC alone; 18-month OS rates were 70% and 56%, respectively. Grade 3–5 treatment-related AEs occurred in 41% of patients in the pembrolizumab + PC arm versus 29% in the PC arm.

      Conclusion:
      Over the course of the 3 analyses, the HR for OS continues to improve for pembrolizumab + PC versus PC (HR: 0.90 to 0.69 to 0.59). The significant improvements in PFS and ORR with pembrolizumab + PC versus PC first observed in the primary analysis have been maintained with longer follow-up (median, 18.7 months).

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