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F. De Braud



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    OA 14 - New Paradigms in Clinical Trials (ID 681)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Oral
    • Track: Clinical Design, Statistics and Clinical Trials
    • Presentations: 1
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      OA 14.06 - Entrectinib in Patients with Locally Advanced or Metastatic ROS1 Fusion-Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (ID 8564)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): F. De Braud

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Entrectinib is a potent, investigational, CNS-active, oral inhibitor of ROS1 with a biochemical IC~50~ (0.2 nM) ~30 times more potent than crizotinib, the only agent approved for the treatment of ROS1-positive NSCLC. Previously, we reported an objective response rate of 85% in 13 ROS1 inhibitor-naïve NSCLC patients who were treated in Phase 1 studies (Drilon and Siena et al, Cancer Discov 2017), including 2 of 3 (67%) patients with CNS disease. Responses were durable, with 1 patient remaining on study for more than 3 years. Entrectinib was well tolerated, with predominantly Grades 1 or 2 adverse events that were reversible with dose modification.

      Method:
      Patients with ROS1 inhibitor-naïve NSCLC were enrolled across Phase 1 and 2 studies of entrectinib. Patients were screened for ROS1 gene fusions either locally or centrally at Ignyta’s diagnostic laboratory using next generation sequencing. Entrectinib was administered orally at 600 mg once-daily in 4-week cycles. Safety was assessed by monitoring adverse events, laboratory tests, and clinic visits. Tumor assessments were performed at the end of Cycle 1 and every 8 weeks thereafter. All scans were read locally (INV) and by blinded independent central review (BICR) using RECIST v1.1. INV results will be presented except where noted.

      Result:
      As of 24 May 2017, a total of 32 patients were evaluable for response (median age 52 years, 72% female). At a median follow-up of 12 months, objective responses were observed in 24 of 32 (75% [95% CI: 56.6, 88.5]; 3 complete responses) patients, including 7 of 11 (64% [95% CI: 30.8, 89.1]) patients with CNS disease at baseline. Five of 7 patients with evaluable CNS lesions by BICR experienced confirmed RECIST intracranial responses, for a CNS response rate of 71% (95% CI: 29.0, 96.3). With 19 (59%) patients remaining on study, the median duration of response was 17.2 months (95% CI: 6.5, 36.0) and progression-free survival was 19.1 months (95% CI: 6.5, 36.6). The most common (>15%) treatment-related adverse events were fatigue/asthenia (34%), dysgeusia (34%), dizziness (24%), weight increase (21%), paresthesia (19%), nausea (18%), constipation (18%), and diarrhea (16%). All data will be updated at the time of presentation.

      Conclusion:
      Entrectinib is well tolerated and has shown promising antitumor activity in ROS1 inhibitor-naïve NSCLC, including patients with CNS disease. Patients with ROS1+ NSCLC and other tumor types continue to be enrolled in STARTRK-2 (NCT02568267) in order to support a potential regulatory filing for entrectinib in this population.

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