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OA 13 - Immuno-Biology (ID 677)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Oral
- Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:Hiroyuki Suzuki, Scott N. Gettinger
- Coordinates: 10/18/2017, 11:00 - 12:30, Room 301 + 302
OA 13.06 - Co-Expression of IDO1 and PD-L1 Indicates More Aggressive Features of Lung Adenocarcinoma (ID 9672)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): K. Kohashi
Indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) serves as an immunosuppressive effector and it is closely related to the prognosis in several types of cancer. We herein aim to elucidate the clinicopathological features and prognoses in patients with IDO1-expressing lung adenocarcinoma, and especially, show its correlation with the expression of programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1).
The expressions of IDO1 and PD-L1 proteins in 427 patients with surgically resected primary lung adenocarcinoma were evaluated by immunohistochemical analyses and any associations identified between IDO1 and the clinicopathological features, the prognosis and co-expression of IDO1 with PD-L1 were investigated. The expressions of IDO1 and PD-L1 at the protein and mRNA levels in lung adenocarcinoma cell lines were examined by an Enzyme-Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay, flow cytometry, and reverse transcription and real-time PCR analysis, respectively.
IDO1 was expressed in 260 patients (60.9%) at a 1% cut-off and in 63 patients (14.8%) at a 50% cut-off, respectively. PD-L1 was positive for 145 patients (34.0%). A ultivariate analysis showed IDO1 positivity (1% cut-off) to be significantly associated with a higher tumor grade, the presence of vascular invasion, and the expression of PD-L1. IDO1 and PD-L1 proteins were co-expressed in 123 patients (28.8%), and the patients whose tumor expressed both proteins exhibited significantly higher malignant traits than those whose tumor expressed only one protein or none. According to a multivariate analysis, the co-expression of both proteins was significantly associated with a shorter disease-free survival and overall survival. The expressions of IDO1 and PD-L1 in lung adenocarcinoma cell lines were elevated by treating them with interferon-γ and transforming growth factor-β.Figure 1
The findings of this study suggest that the co-expression of IDO1 and PD-L1 may indicate more aggressive features of lung adenocarcinoma. Combination therapy targeting both of these proteins may therefore improve the clinical outcomes in patients with lung adenocarcinoma.
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