Start Your Search
MA 13 - New Insights of Diagnosis and Update of Treatment (ID 674)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Early Stage NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MA 13.08 - Long Term Follow-up on NRG Oncology RTOG 0915 (NCCTG N0927): a Randomized Phase II Study of 2 SBRT Schedules for Lung Cancer (ID 7390)
15:45 - 17:30 | Author(s): C.P. Belani
NRG Oncology RTOG 0915/NCCTG N0927 was a randomized lung stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) trial of 34 Gy in 1 fraction (arm 1) versus 48 Gy in 4 fractions (arm 2) designed to select the better of the 2 regimens by comparing them at 1 year (yr): first by rates of pre-specified protocol-specified adverse events (psAEs), then by primary tumor control for each arm. 34 Gy emerged as the least toxic yet equally efficacious regimen. Herein, we update those results with long-term follow-up.
This phase II North American multicenter study of patients aged 18 yrs or older with medically inoperable non-small cell lung cancer with biopsy-proven peripheral (≥2 cm from the central bronchial tree) T1 or T2, N0 (clinically node negative by positron emission tomography), M0 tumors was designed to detect 1-yr psAEs rates >17% as primary endpoint. Primary tumor failure (PTF) (either infield or marginal failure) and local failure (either infield, marginal, or involved lobe failure) [with death without failure considered as a competing event]; overall survival (OS); disease-free survival (DFS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were secondary endpoints, but the study was not designed for statistical comparisons of these outcomes. The study opened in September 2009 and closed in March 2011. Updated data were analyzed through November 14, 2016.
Ninety four patients were accrued, with 86 eligible for analysis: 41 in arm 1 and 45 in arm 2, after 8 cases were excluded. Median follow-up time was 3.8 yrs for all patients, and 5.1 yrs for those alive at analysis. The grade 3 and higher treatment-related toxicity profile was unchanged since previous report, with specifically no new high grade chest wall or grade 5 events. Four of 48 Gy patients had subsequent grade 3 changes in spirometry since meeting the primary endpoint. Medians (in yrs) for 34 Gy and 48 Gy were: 4.1 vs. 4.0 for OS, and 2.6 vs. 2.8 for DFS, respectively. Five-yr outcomes as % (95% CI) for 34 Gy and 48 Gy were: PTF rate of 7.9 (2.0, 19.5) vs. 6.8 (1.7, 16.9); OS of 28.8 (15.4, 43.8) vs. 40.2 (24.9, 55.0); PFS of 19.1 (8.5, 33.0) vs. 31.8 (18.6, 45.9); and second primary rate of 15.5 (6.1, 28.9) vs. 13.3 (5.3, 25.1), respectively. Distant failure as the sole failure or a component of first failure was numerically higher in the 34 Gy arm (7 (46.7%)), but in the 48 Gy arm, rate of second primary development was higher (7 (43.8%)). Approximately 1/3 of patients’ causes of death was unknown, and another 1/3 was related to causes other than cancer or treatment.
No excess in late-appearing toxicity was seen in either arm. Primary tumor control rates at 5 yrs were similar by arm. Median survival times of 4 yrs for each arm suggest similar efficacy pending any larger studies appropriately powered to detect survival differences.
Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.
P3.13 - Radiology/Staging/Screening (ID 729)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Poster Session with Presenters Present
- Track: Radiology/Staging/Screening
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/18/2017, 09:30 - 16:00, Exhibit Hall (Hall B + C)
P3.13-027 - Utilization of PET Scan in Advanced Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer in the United States (ID 10031)
09:30 - 16:00 | Author(s): C.P. Belani
PET scans are used during diagnosis and staging of lung cancer. The role of PET scan in guiding therapy for advanced stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not proven, but it continues to be used during the treatment course at many centers. We studied the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program database and Medicare claims data to evaluate the use of PET scan in advance stage NSCLC patients in the United States and the impact on patient outcome.
The SEER-Medicare database was queried to capture patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer diagnosed between the years 2000-2011. The cohort of patients that received PET scan after diagnosis were analyzed and compared with the cohort that did not receive PET. The univariate (UV) association between covariates and overall survival (OS) were compared by log-rank tests. Time dependent Cox Model was used in multivariable (MV) analysis, with time from diagnosis to first PET scan as time-dependent variable, while the other covariates as time-independent. All analyses were performed using SAS Version 9.4.
A total of 52,712 eligible patients with stage IV NSCLC were identified between 2000-2011, out of which 13,873 (26.3%) had received PET scan. Characteristics of PET cohort: median age 74 years, 53% male, 87% white and 82% from metro locations. 87% of the patients that received PET were diagnosed between 2006-2011. In the first year after diagnosis, 70% of the patients had 1 PET, 16% had 2 PETs and 14% had 3 or more PETs. About 64% of the patients had received their first PET scan within 2 months of diagnosis and 19% had it between 2 to 6 months. The average Medicare cost associated with patients that received PET was significantly higher than that of patients that did not receive PET scan ($60,417 vs. $34,287; p<0.001). Chemotherapy and radiation were given in a higher proportion of patients that received PET versus those that did not receive it (56% and 45% versus 26% and 36% respectively; p<0.001). Though univariate analysis revealed that a PET scan within a year of diagnosis was associated with better 1-year survival (HR 0.87, P<0.001), this did not translate into overall survival advantage on multivariable analysis (HR 0.99, P=0.56).
The utilization of PET scan in stage IV NSCLC patients was associated with higher cost, but without a tangible improvement in survival compared to those that did not have a PET scan.