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N. Yang

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    OA 09 - EGFR TKI Resistance (ID 663)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Oral
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      OA 09.06 - A Phase Ib Trial of Savolitinib plus Gefitinib for Chinese Patients with EGFR-Mutant MET-Amplified Advanced NSCLC (ID 8995)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): N. Yang

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment failure has been attributed to innate and/or acquired MET-amplification in patients with advanced EGFR-mutant NSCLC. Savolitinib (volitinib, HMPL-504, AZD6094), a highly selective small molecule MET-TKI, demonstrated greater efficacy combined with gefitinib than either compound alone in preclinical EGFR-mutant NSCLC models (D’Cruz et al. AACR, 2015).

      This open-label, multi-centre, Phase Ib study (NCT02374645) assessed savolitinib plus gefitinib in patients enrolled in China with EGFR-mutant advanced NSCLC who progressed on prior EGFR-TKI. Primary objective was safety, tolerability, and identification of recommended Phase II dose (RP2D). Secondary objectives included preliminary anti-tumour activity (RECIST 1.1), pharmacokinetics, and ctDNA analysis for EGFR T790M mutation status. Eligible patients (≥18 years) had measurable disease, radiological disease progression on treatment, ECOG performance status 0/1, and adequate organ function. Patients had central evaluation of EGFR mutation (plasma based BEAMing digital PCR) and central screening for MET-amplification (MET/CEP7 ratio ≥2 or MET gene number ≥5, defined by tumour tissue FISH). Patients received gefitinib 250 mg once daily (QD) plus savolitinib 600 mg QD.

      As of data-cut off (March 2017), 44 patients received study treatment. Median age was 61 years, 64% of patients were female; 6 patients were EGFR T790M positive and 5 were T790M negative (interim readout). The most common (≥20% patients) all causality adverse events (AEs), were vomiting (n=18, 41%), nausea (n=17, 39%), rash (n=16, 36%), increased ALT (n=14, 32%), increased AST (n=13, 30%), hypoalbuminaemia and gamma‑glutamyl transpeptidase increase (both n=11, 25%), and increased blood alkaline phosphatase (n=9, 21%). Grade ≥3 all causality AEs were reported in 14 (32%) patients; increased AST and increased ALT (both n=3, 7%) were most frequent. Three (7%) patients died due to an AE (respiratory failure [n=1], lung neoplasm [n=2]); none were considered treatment related. Anti-tumour activity was observed; confirmed partial responses were reported in 11/44 (25%) patients and a further 4 patients are awaiting confirmation of response (confirmed and unconfirmed response rate 15/44 [34%]). At the time of the scheduled 12 week study assessment, 20 (46%) patients remained on study treatment. Preliminary steady-state exposures and pharmacokinetic parameters of savolitinib and gefitinib were consistent with historical data.

      These encouraging findings warrant further assessment of savolitinib plus gefitinib for patients with EGFR-mutant, MET-amplified NSCLC who progressed on prior EGFR-TKI. The RP2D was confirmed as savolitinib 600 mg QD plus gefitinib 250 mg QD. This study is ongoing; updated safety and efficacy including anti-tumour activity by T790M status will be presented.

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