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J. Chang



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    OA 09 - EGFR TKI Resistance (ID 663)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Oral
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      OA 09.06 - A Phase Ib Trial of Savolitinib plus Gefitinib for Chinese Patients with EGFR-Mutant MET-Amplified Advanced NSCLC (ID 8995)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): J. Chang

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment failure has been attributed to innate and/or acquired MET-amplification in patients with advanced EGFR-mutant NSCLC. Savolitinib (volitinib, HMPL-504, AZD6094), a highly selective small molecule MET-TKI, demonstrated greater efficacy combined with gefitinib than either compound alone in preclinical EGFR-mutant NSCLC models (D’Cruz et al. AACR, 2015).

      Method:
      This open-label, multi-centre, Phase Ib study (NCT02374645) assessed savolitinib plus gefitinib in patients enrolled in China with EGFR-mutant advanced NSCLC who progressed on prior EGFR-TKI. Primary objective was safety, tolerability, and identification of recommended Phase II dose (RP2D). Secondary objectives included preliminary anti-tumour activity (RECIST 1.1), pharmacokinetics, and ctDNA analysis for EGFR T790M mutation status. Eligible patients (≥18 years) had measurable disease, radiological disease progression on treatment, ECOG performance status 0/1, and adequate organ function. Patients had central evaluation of EGFR mutation (plasma based BEAMing digital PCR) and central screening for MET-amplification (MET/CEP7 ratio ≥2 or MET gene number ≥5, defined by tumour tissue FISH). Patients received gefitinib 250 mg once daily (QD) plus savolitinib 600 mg QD.

      Result:
      As of data-cut off (March 2017), 44 patients received study treatment. Median age was 61 years, 64% of patients were female; 6 patients were EGFR T790M positive and 5 were T790M negative (interim readout). The most common (≥20% patients) all causality adverse events (AEs), were vomiting (n=18, 41%), nausea (n=17, 39%), rash (n=16, 36%), increased ALT (n=14, 32%), increased AST (n=13, 30%), hypoalbuminaemia and gamma‑glutamyl transpeptidase increase (both n=11, 25%), and increased blood alkaline phosphatase (n=9, 21%). Grade ≥3 all causality AEs were reported in 14 (32%) patients; increased AST and increased ALT (both n=3, 7%) were most frequent. Three (7%) patients died due to an AE (respiratory failure [n=1], lung neoplasm [n=2]); none were considered treatment related. Anti-tumour activity was observed; confirmed partial responses were reported in 11/44 (25%) patients and a further 4 patients are awaiting confirmation of response (confirmed and unconfirmed response rate 15/44 [34%]). At the time of the scheduled 12 week study assessment, 20 (46%) patients remained on study treatment. Preliminary steady-state exposures and pharmacokinetic parameters of savolitinib and gefitinib were consistent with historical data.

      Conclusion:
      These encouraging findings warrant further assessment of savolitinib plus gefitinib for patients with EGFR-mutant, MET-amplified NSCLC who progressed on prior EGFR-TKI. The RP2D was confirmed as savolitinib 600 mg QD plus gefitinib 250 mg QD. This study is ongoing; updated safety and efficacy including anti-tumour activity by T790M status will be presented.

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    P3.01 - Advanced NSCLC (ID 621)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Poster Session with Presenters Present
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      P3.01-036 - A Phase IIIb Open-Label, Single-Arm Study of Afatinib in EGFR TKI-Naïve Patients with EGFRm+ NSCLC: An Interim Analysis (ID 9251)

      09:30 - 16:00  |  Author(s): J. Chang

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      In the Phase III LUX-Lung (LL) 3 and LL6 trials, first-line afatinib significantly improved PFS vs platinum-doublet chemotherapy in patients with EGFRm+ NSCLC (independent review; LL3: 11.1 vs 6.9 months, HR=0.58; p=0.001; LL6: 11.0 vs 5.6 months, HR=0.28; p<0.0001). In the Phase IIb LL7 trial, afatinib significantly improved PFS and TTF vs gefitinib in patients with EGFRm+ NSCLC harboring common EGFR mutations (PFS, independent review: 11.0 vs 10.9 months, HR=0.73; p=0.017; TTF: 13.7 vs 11.5 months, HR=0.73, p=0.0073). Here we report interim analysis results of a large Phase IIIb study of afatinib in a broad population of EGFR TKI-naïve patients with EGFRm+ NSCLC.

      Method:
      In this Phase IIIb trial with a similar setting to ‘real-world’ practice, EGFR TKI-naïve patients with locally advanced/metastatic EGFRm+ NSCLC were recruited from centers in China, Hong Kong, India, Singapore and Taiwan and received afatinib 40mg/day until investigator-assessed progression or lack of tolerability. Primary endpoint: number of patients with serious adverse events (SAEs). Secondary endpoints included: number of patients with afatinib-related AEs; time to symptomatic progression (TTSP). Other assessments included PFS (investigator review).

      Result:
      At data cut-off (13 Feb 2017) 479 patients were treated with afatinib (median age: 59.0 years; female: 52.4%; common [(Del19 and/or L858R) with or without uncommon]/uncommon only EGFR mutations: 86.0%/14.0%; ECOG PS 0/1: 19.8%/78.1%; brain metastases: 19.2%; 0/1/≥2 lines of prior chemotherapy: 59.7%/30.1%/10.2%. 24.8% of patients required dose reductions to 30mg; 6.1% had further reductions to 20mg. Median (range) treatment time was 9.7 months (0.2–38.6). SAEs were reported in 115 (24.0%) patients and afatinib-related SAEs in 29 (6.1%) patients. Grade ≥3 afatinib-related AEs occurred in 122 (25.5%) patients; diarrhea (n=50; 10.4%) and rash/acne (n=38; 7.9%) were the most common (≥5%). 18 (3.8%) patients discontinued treatment due to afatinib-related AEs. Median TTSP (15.3 months [95% CI: 13.4–17.5]) was 3 months longer than PFS (12.1 months [10.8–13.7]), suggesting afatinib may be continued beyond progression, and both were longer in patients with common (with/without uncommon) vs uncommon only EGFR mutations (PFS: 12.6 vs 9.1; TTSP: 15.8 vs 10.0 months).

      Conclusion:
      The safety data of afatinib from this interim analysis of a large-scale population of EGFR TKI-naïve EGFRm+ NSCLC patients are consistent with LL3/6/7 and confirm that most afatinib-related AEs are manageable and result in few treatment discontinuations. Afatinib also demonstrated encouraging efficacy in patients with common and uncommon EGFR mutations. Data from larger patient populations will be evaluated in further analyses of this trial.

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